Journal Report

Ascendants of Norman Alan Johnston



Generation One



1. Norman Alan1 JOHNSTON (Alan, #2) is still living.



Generation Two



2. Alan2 JOHNSTON (John, #4) was born on 17 Nov 1913 at 17 Kenilworth St, Mackay, Qld, Australia. He was delivered by a nurse, Mrs Aitken and the birth was registered by the District Registrar Henry Edward Cooney at Mackay on 8 Dec 1913. He was preceded by Henry Eric (4), Charles Ronald (3), and Dorothy Irene (1).1 He was christened in 1931 at Acacia Rd, Sutherland, NSW, Australia; Alan was christened along with his brothers and sisters (Kathleen, Winifred, Kenneth and Collin Ralph) by Revd. Riley of the Congregational Church, Sutherland. His mother was ill and she did not want to die without knowing that her children had been christened. They were christened at the home.2

Alan Johnston married Norma Parnell (see #3), daughter of Benjamin Parnell and Annie Logan, on 8 Apr 1939 at Congregational Church, Sutherland, NSW, Australia.3

Alan Johnston died from ventricular fibrillation minutes on 8 Mar 1987 at 16 Sturt St, Killarney Vale, NSW, Australia, at age 73.4 He was cremated on 11 Mar 1987 at Palmdale Crematorium, Ourimbah, NSW, Australia. He was cremated in a civil ceremony at 11 AM. The oration was given by some of his old friends and was very well attended by his family and by many of his acquaintances.5 His ashes are at Palmdale, Ourimbah, NSW, Australia. Initially his ashes were buried at the home of his wife, at 16 Sturt St., Killarney Vale, NSW, but were moved to Palmdale some time later.6

He also went by the name of Sook.

Alan Johnston moved from Mackay, Qld, to Sydney, NSW, in about 1920. Apparently his family moved between Sydney and Mackay several times to fit in with the working habits of his father. They were living at Lillyvale, NSW (near Helensburgh) in about 1921, but, after the death of the eldest girl child, Doris, later moved to Acacia Rd., Sutherland, NSW. Alan went to school at Sutherland and was apparently quite bright, but, as the family was very poor, he had to leave school at an early age. He lived through the depression and went looking for work by travelling around on his bicycle. He eventually took an apprenticeship as a shoe repairer with a Mr Miller, who lived nearby. Alan was so short he had to stand on a box in order to reach the workbench. When Mr Miller retired Alan took over the business. The house in acacia Rd. was at the southern end, very close to a large amount of natural bush. In the 1920's there was a slaughter yard nearby where mainly sheep were slaughtered. There was a dairy about 200m away from which they obtained milk, etc. Behind the house was a tennis court and Alan was quite a good player winning trophies, and in 1932 was the Sutherland Shire C-grade champion. The family built their own full size tennis court on a block of land behind their home (the land was eventually given to Kenneth Roy where he built his first house). As the family was very poor they could not afford tennis rackets so their father made them out of timber. Alan eventually saved up 5/- and went to Newtown to buy himself a proper racquet. He eventually bought another one for 10/- and gave his "cheap" one to his sister, Kathleen. He recalled that he used to play barefooted as the family did not have enough money to afford to buy him tennis shoes. An opponent in one competition attempted to have him disqualified for playing without shoes so he found an old worn out pair and cut the soles out.

After marriage to Norma Parnell in 1939, Alan lived at Kirrawee, NSW. The shoe repair business was in a small shop in Flora St., Sutherland, next to the bus stop. The shop was a local centre for all his friends who were mainly connected with the local rugby league football club. At one time his brother, Ralph worked for him, and later, Stanley Woods, who worked with him for many years. Rugby league was his passion outside of work, and he eventually became president of the local club. He used to work very long hours, leaving home before day-break, and returning after the pubs shut at 6 pm. In about 1950 he sold the business at Sutherland and went on a working trip with his father, John Charles. They worked at Bendemeer in Northern NSW for a short period cutting railway sleepers and later on the Brown Mountain hydro electric scheme near Bemboka in Southern NSW. His wife, Norma, was left at home to rear the three children.

After being away for about 18 months, Alan moved the shoe repair business to the backyard of the house at Kirrawee. When the Aussie penchant for plastic thongs and non-wearout soles finally put him out of business he took a job on the Sutherland Council as a labourer and, in order to supplement his wages, he did shoe repairs in his spare time at home. He worked at that job for about 10 years, doing gardening work and later as a general hand at the local beaches at Cronulla. After he retired Alan and Norma moved to Killarney Vale, NSW. He was an active lawn bowler after he retired, belonging to the "Mingara Sports Club" near Berkeley Vale, NSW, on the Central Coast.
He and Norma Parnell lived between May 1939 and Feb 1980 at 133 Oak Road, Kirrawee, NSW, Australia. The block of land at Kirrawee was very close to the railway station and cost them £90, and the house cost £500. The house and furnishings were paid off at the rate of 12/6 per week. He and Norma Parnell lived between Feb 1980 and 1987 at 16 Sturt St, Killarney Vale, NSW, Australia. As of 1987, Alan Johnston and Norma Parnell lived at 16 Sturt St, Killarney Vale, NSW, Australia, 2261, (02) 43328229.


The four known children of Alan2 Johnston and Norma Parnell (see #3) are as follows:

3. Norma2 PARNELL (Benjamin, #6) is still living.



Generation Three



4. John Charles3 JOHNSTON (William, #8) was born on 30 Jul 1888 at Nowa Nowa, Tambo, Vic, Australia. John's birth certificate was signed by his father William, a labourer living at Orbost. He had two siblings, William Edward, aged 4 and Ethel Rose aged 3. The witnesses to his registration were Mrs H.S.Charmann, the registered nurse, Mr A. W. Ward, the occupier of the residence, probably Amelia's brother, and Mrs Ward (senior), possibly Amelia's brother's wife, who acted as midwife. John Charles was registered on 6 Sep 1888 at Orbost by Jas Jno Thompson, the Deputy Registrar.7

John Charles Johnston married Edith Alice MacCarthy (see #5), daughter of Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy and Edith Bushnell, on 4 Feb 1910 at Mission House, Leichhardt St, Brisbane, Qld, Australia. Jarvis B. Johnson married them according to the rites of the "Joyful News Mission". The witnesses were R.B. Crawford and Lena G. Johnson. The marriage was registered on 7 Feb 1910 by Hartley Lancaster Dixon, Deputy Registrar-General.8

John Charles Johnston died on 1 Jul 1952 at 133 Oak Road, Kirrawee, NSW, Australia, at age 63. He was buried on 4 Jul 1952 at Woronora Cemetery, Sutherland, NSW, Australia. Buried in Rose garden 4, pos 0206 (Congregational Section:S, Pos:4/5), with his wife Edith Alice and son Ronald Charles.9,10 His estate was probated in 1953 at NSW, Australia.11



Little is known of the early life of Charlie, as he was normally known. One item of interest was how he lost his finger(s). Apparently his elder sister was chopping wood and Charlie dared her to chop off his fingers if he put them on the block. Well, it appears that he did and she did, chopping off two fingers, one of which was sewn back on.

His mother died when John was about 11 years old and his eldest sister Ethel Rose (Aunty Sis), who at that time was only 12 years old, took the family role of mother. When Ethel Rose was just 16 years old she married Jack Lay and they, and the two younger siblings, Doris and Christina, moved to live on Raymond Island in the Gippsland Lakes. John Charles did say at one time that his father had kicked him out of the house and he referred to his father as a "sanctimonious old bastard". (Rather interestingly, John's sister, Christina referred to her father as a wonderful old Scottish gentleman.)

John Charles moved to Queensland probably in the early 1900's. That was after his mother died and the family came under the wing of his eldest sister, Ethel Rose, who was married to Jack Lay. Ethel took all the children, except for Mary and William Edward to Qld. John Charles first appears on the Commonwealth electoral roll in 1915 and 1916, living in the Division of Herbert, subdivision of Mackay. He is shown as a labourer living at Town Beach , Wharf St., Mackay. His wife Edith Alice is also shown at the same address. Interestingly, only his wife, Edith Alice, is shown as living at North Side, Mackay on the 1921 electoral roll.

John's son Alan, always said that his father was a very "hard" man physically. He was apparently very strong, and Alan used to tell the story of him carrying 56lb weights home from work just for something to carry. He was a very good axeman, and many of his tree felling tools were left in Alan's house at Kirrawee. One item of special interest was a thin cylinder that was rammed into the centre of a tree, wedges were driven into the outside of the tree trunk and the cylinder filled with gun-powder. When the explosion occurred the log would be split into many pieces, which only needed ot be trimmed to turn them into railway sleepers.

The family moved several time between Sydney and Mackay in the late 1910's and 1920's. When in Sydney John Charles worked on the railways as a fettler, and when in Mackay on the wharves as a labourer.

In the early 1920's the family lived at Lillyvale, near Helensburgh, NSW, but, after the death of one of John's daughters of typhoid fever, they all moved to Sutherland.
He was an Axeman (from his marriage certificate) in 1910.12 He and Edith Alice MacCarthy lived between 1915 and 1917 at Town Beach, Wharf St, Mackay, Qld, Australia.13 He lived between 1921 and 1922 at Lilyvale, NSW, Australia.14 He and Edith Alice MacCarthy lived between 1922 and 1933 at Forest Road/Acacia St, Sutherland, NSW, Australia.15 He was enrolled on the electoral roll as a labourer in 1934 at Forest Road, Sutherland, Division of Werriwa, NSW, Australia. Also at that address was Henry Eric and Maud Isabella Johnston, although they were shown as living at Acacia St., the house was on the corner.

There is in existence a MacCarthy family tree that traces their line back to the English King Edward III. Apparently when Edith would mention it, John Charles would comment that "that was nothing as he was related to the martyr Nicholas Ridley, Bishop of London, who was burned at the stake by Bloody Mary (Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon) on 16 Oct 1555. Ridley was burned at the stake with Hugh Latimer for opposing the attempt by Bloody Mary to take England back to the Church of Rome". It is unclear if Nicholas Ridley was related to Harriet Ridley, the grandmother of John Charles Johnston.


The nine known children of John Charles3 Johnston and Edith Alice MacCarthy (see #5) were as follows:

5. Edith Alice3 MACCARTHY (Edward, #10) was born on 15 Feb 1886 at Mackay, Qld, Australia. Her father was shown as Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy, a Sub-collector of Customs; he was 35 years of age, having been born at Calicut, East India. Her mother was Edith Bushnell, 36 years of age, born at Wetheron Station, Burnett, Qld. The informant was her father, the midwife was Dr. A. Caulfield and the nurse Mrs Angus. Her siblings Edward R.T. (4), Eric Justin (3) and Norfor Norman (1 1/2) preceded Edith.33

Edith Alice MacCarthy married John Charles Johnston (see #4), son of William Johnston and Amelia Rebecca Ward, on 4 Feb 1910 at Mission House, Leichhardt St, Brisbane, Qld, Australia. Jarvis B. Johnson married them according to the rites of the "Joyful News Mission". The witnesses were R.B. Crawford and Lena G. Johnson. The marriage was registered on 7 Feb 1910 by Hartley Lancaster Dixon, Deputy Registrar-General.34

Edith Alice MacCarthy died on 4 Jul 1933 at Acacia Road, Sutherland, NSW, Australia, at age 47. She died of carcinoma of the uterus and secondary deposits in the lungs, which she had had for 16 and 3 months respectively. Her medical attendant had been Dr. E.H. Miles who last saw Edith on 4 July. The informant was her husband, John Charles. She left 5 living children.35 She was buried on 8 Jul 1933 at Woronora Cemetery, Sutherland, NSW, Australia. The officiating Congregational minister was Percy R. Riley and she was buried by Montague Enos Sellin of Charles Kinsela Undertakers. She was buried in Rose Garden 4, pos 0206 (Congregational Section S:, Pos:4/5) with her son Ronald Charles; her husband was also buried in the same grave in 1952. The witnesses to the burial were her son, Lawrence and her husband.36,37,38

She was a Domestic in 1910. She and John Charles Johnston lived between 1915 and 1917 at Town Beach, Wharf St, Mackay, Qld, Australia.39 Edith Alice was a very pretty girl with long reddish coloured hair. For some reason not many of her grandchildren had hair of the same colour. One that did was Charles Benjamin Johnston, the youngest son of Alan Johnston, Edith's son. She led a very hard life as the family, as were many in those 1920 depression days, were very poor monetarily. However, All the children ended up with good jobs and were all well off, if not overly rich.

She lived in 1921 at North Side, Mackay, Qld, Australia.40 She and John Charles Johnston lived between 1922 and 1933 at Forest Road/Acacia St, Sutherland, NSW, Australia.41

There is in existence a MacCarthy family tree that traces their line back to the English King Edward III. Apparently when Edith would mention it, John Charles would comment that "that was nothing as he was related to the martyr Nicholas Ridley, Bishop of London, who was burned at the stake by Bloody Mary (Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon) on 16 Oct 1555. Ridley was burned at the stake with Hugh Latimer for opposing the attempt by Bloody Mary to take England back to the Church of Rome". It is unclear if Nicholas Ridley was related to Harriet Ridley, the grandmother of John Charles Johnston.




6. Benjamin3 PARNELL (Benjamin, #12) was born on 28 Aug 1895 at "Yerawin", Walcha, NSW, Australia.42 He married Annie Logan (see #7), daughter of Alexander Logan and Elizabeth Henry, on 19 Nov 1914 at 171 Alice St, Newtown, NSW, Australia. They were married according to the rites of the Presbyterian Church by John Burgess, the officiating minister. Benjamin was 19 years of age, a bachelor, and Annie was 22, and a spinster. Witnesses were Alex Logan, Annie's brother and J.H. Walsh, who was probably the husband of Benjamin's sister, Ethel May. Both Benjamin and Annie gave their address as Newtown, NSW.43 He died on 15 Jan 1967 at Taree Hospital, Taree, NSW, Australia, at age 71. He was in hospital for treatment for a heart attack when he suffered another massive heart attack and died within minutes.44 He was buried on 17 Jan 1967 at Tuncurry Cemetery, Tuncurry, NSW, Australia, he is in the General Cemetery, Row E, Plot 38.45 His estate was probated in 1973 at NSW, Australia.46
He and Annie Logan lived between 1921 and 1923 at Grey St, Sutherland, NSW, Australia; he was a Wool Sorter.47 He and Annie Logan lived between 1925 and 1966 at President Av, Sutherland, NSW, Australia; Benjamin was a Wool-Sorter and worked for Vickers Woolen Mills at Sydenham, NSW. He also was a very good gardener with a penchant for growing pink carnations which he used to sell at the Sydney Markets. He passed his "green thumb" to some of his children, they were also very good gardeners.48

The five known children of Benjamin3 Parnell and Annie Logan (see #7) were as follows:

7. Annie3 LOGAN (Alexander, #14) was born on 16 Apr 1892 at East Avenue, Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England. Her birth was registered on 25 May 1892 by the Registrar Joseph Elliot in the Dictrict of Houghton-le-Spring. The certificate shows that her father, Alexander, was deceased and had been a Life Assurance Agent. Her mother was Elizabeth Henry. The informant was her mother who signed with her mark.

Annie never knew her father as he died proir to her birth, he had been a Lay Preacher and, returning from a prayer meeting, was caught in a bad storm which resulted in his death.
55 She married Benjamin Parnell (see #6), son of Benjamin Parnell and Harriet Hoy, on 19 Nov 1914 at 171 Alice St, Newtown, NSW, Australia. They were married according to the rites of the Presbyterian Church by John Burgess, the officiating minister. Benjamin was 19 years of age, a bachelor, and Annie was 22, and a spinster. Witnesses were Alex Logan, Annie's brother and J.H. Walsh, who was probably the husband of Benjamin's sister, Ethel May. Both Benjamin and Annie gave their address as Newtown, NSW.56

Annie Logan died on 18 Sep 1981 at Miranda, NSW, Australia, at age 89, she died in a nursing-home after many years of debility caused by a stroke. She was cremated on 21 Sep 1981 at Woronora Cemetry, Sutherland, NSW, Australia.57 Annie's ashes were buried in her husband's grave at Tuncurry, NSW. They are in the General Cemetery, Row E, Plot 38.58

She appeared on the census of 31 Mar 1901 at Hetton Le Hole, Durham, England, she was aged 8.59 She lived in 1910 at Francis St, Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England. The house in which Annie lived as a young girl was apparently demolished many years later and re-erected in the Beamish Museum, near Newcastle-onTyne. She immigrated on 13 Feb 1913 to Sydney, NSW. She came from England at the age of 20, sponsored by her brother, Alexander, who had immigrated in 1912. She arrived from London as a 3rd class passenger on the Otway which was a vessel of 6690 tons. The ship's master was F.S. Symons and it ship carried a total of 705 persons. On arrival in Sydney both Annie and Alexander lived in a boarding house at Hurstville, NSW. Alexander moved to "Langford", Walcha, NSW, to search for his uncle Thomas. Annie moved to Walcha some time later. She was working at "Ohio", Walcha, when she met he future husband, Benjamin Parnell.60 She and Benjamin Parnell lived between 1921 and 1923 at Grey St, Sutherland, NSW, Australia; he was a Wool Sorter.61 She and Benjamin Parnell lived between 1925 and 1966 at President Av, Sutherland, NSW, Australia; Benjamin was a Wool-Sorter and worked for Vickers Woolen Mills at Sydenham, NSW. He also was a very good gardener with a penchant for growing pink carnations which he used to sell at the Sydney Markets. He passed his "green thumb" to some of his children, they were also very good gardeners.62

Annie Logan was a small woman who never lost her North-English accent, which used to amuse her many grandchildren. She never spoke much about her early life, even to her daughters, so little is known of her. She must have had an active religious upbringing as she was presented with a bible by her parish church as a going-away gift in 1912 just before she emigrated to Australia, not long after her mother died.

Her marriage to Benjamin Parnell led to hard life as they were never very rich monetarily especially as they were raising their children during the depression years of the 1920s-1930s. Annie had brought some nice clothing and jewellery with her when she came from England but had to pawn most of the valuable items in order to keep the family alive.

In 1962 Annie returned to England for a visit with her husband, Benjamin; an absence of 50 years.
63




Generation Four



8. William4 JOHNSTON (John, #16) was born in 1852 at Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland.64 He married Amelia Rebecca Ward (see #9), daughter of Abraham Dathe Ward and Harriet Ridley, on 17 Dec 1883 at Bairnsdale, Vic, Australia.65

William Johnston died on 29 Oct 1932 at Tambo Upper, Vic, Australia,. He died from senile decay which he had had for an indefinite period. The informant to his death was his son William Edward who was present at the death.66 He was buried on 30 Oct 1932 at Bruthen Cemetery, Bruthen, Vic, Australia. The burial service was conducted by Rev. Menzies, Congregational Minister. His estate was probated on 24 Dec 1932 at Vic, Australia, by Administration.67

He immigrated on 26 Oct 1854 to Geelong, Vic, Australia. William came from the Camuscross, on the estate of Lord MacDonald, in the Parish of Sleat, Isle of Skye, Inverness, Scotland. He was aged 2 when he arrived in Geelong, and came with his father John, his mother Mary and his sister Euphemia. More details of his arrival are given under his father's entry.68 He was a labourer in 1883. He witnessed the marriage of Abraham William Ward and Margaret Pichett on 10 Apr 1883 at Wesleyan Parsonage, Bairnsdale, Vic, Australia.69 He lived in 1931 at Tambo Upper, Vic, Australia.70

The six known children of William4 Johnston and Amelia Rebecca Ward (see #9) were as follows:

9. Amelia Rebecca4 WARD (Abraham, #18) was born on 18 Dec 1863 at Berwick, Vic, Australia. Her birth certificate only shows her name as Amelia, not Amelia Rebecca as her marriage certificate shows. It also shows she was preceded by ten other siblings, three of which were deceased. Her birth was registered on 26 Jan 1864 at Berwick, the witness being Mrs Dalton, the nurse. The birth was registered by Mr William Brisbane, the deputy registrar in the District of Berwick, in the Colony of Victoria. Interestingly her dead sister Alice is shown in the BDM index as Alice Rebecca so perhaps Amelia took her middle name some time after she was registered.93 She married William Johnston (see #8), son of John Johnston and Mary McClure, on 17 Dec 1883 at Bairnsdale, Vic, Australia.94

Amelia Rebecca Ward died on 4 Apr 1899 at Orbost, County of Croajingalong, Vic, Australia, at age 35. She died from acute peritonitis after an illness of 5 days. Interestingly her name was listed only as Rebecca and her father's name was shown as Abraham William Ward. There has been some confusion as to her real name; she was born under the name of Amelia, married with Amelia Rebecca, and died as Rebecca!95 She was buried on 6 Apr 1899 at Orbost Cemetery, Orbost, Vic, Australia. The burial service was conducted by Rev A. Norton a Presbyterian minister. Her estate was probated on 10 Jun 1921 at Vic, Australia, by Administration.96




10. Edward Robert Norfor4 MACCARTHY (Justin, #20) was born on 30 May 1851 at Calicut, Kerala, India.97 He was baptized on 14 Sep 1851 at Chaplains Station, Madras, Kerala, India. He was baptised by the chaplain, Henry Deanes in the presence of A. and H. Conolly.98

Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy married Edith Bushnell (see #11), daughter of Richard Bushnell and Jane Clarke, on 12 Jun 1880 at Seaview Cottage, Port Douglas, Qld, Australia. They were married at the residence of T. Powers Esq., Port Douglas (Edith's brother-in-law) . Edward's occupation was shown as Snr Collector of Customs and Police Magistrate, he was 29 years old and a bachelor. His birth place was shown as Calicut, East India. Edith was a spinster aged 30 years; her birth place was shown as Wetheron Station, Burnett Station, Qld. Edward's father was shown as Justin Edward Daniel MacCarthy, late of the 40th regiment, his mother as Anne Davies Norfor. Edith's father was shown as Richard Bushnell, Gentleman, and her mother as Jane Clarke. The witnesses were John Gaul and Jessie Struthers and the officiating minister as Albert Cornelius Mosley.99

He married Edith Mary Allen, daughter of Joseph Paine Allen and Hannah Canning, on 28 Jun 1899 at Fernvale, Mackay, Qld, Australia. They were married in the residence of the bride-groom at Mackay according to the rites of the Church of England. J.C.B. MacCarthy and Alice G. MacCarthy (probably his brother, John Charles, and sister Alice Gertrude) were the witnesses. W. Abal Turner was the officiating minister. Edward was 48 years old and a widower and Edith was 19 and a spinster. Edith had been the family housekeeper. A.B. Gibson registered the marriage at Mackay on 30 Jun 1899. She was shown as being 19 years of age, having been born at Stoney Creek, NSW, with father Joseph Paine Allen, a mining engineer, and mother Hannah Canning.100

Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy died on 15 Dec 1924 at Parramatta Road, Leichhardt, NSW, Australia, at age 73. When Edward died he was an old age pensioner, having been an Auctioneer, and died of myocarditis at age 74. His medical attendant was John Jamieson, who last saw him on 16 Dec. The informant was shown as M.A. MacCarthy, his son by his second marriage, whose address was D.Mecs, Flinders Naval Base, Western Port, Vic. His death certificate shows his place of birth as Calicut, India. The children's names were shown as: Happy, Roy, Eric, Norrie, Bernard, Mina, Alice, all shown as living, and, by his second marriage, Dorothy J.A., age 22, and Maurice A.A., age 21, both living, with none shown as deceased. That is incorrect as at least one child by his second marriage was killed by a horse at the age of two. Edward was shown as having been about 66 years in Qld and NSW. He was shown as having been married twice, with spouses shown as Edith -, and Alice Edith Allan. His father was Justin MacCarthy, a Military Officer, and his mother as "not known."101 He was buried on 18 Dec 1924 at Church of England Section, Rookwood Cemetery, NSW, Australia. R.O. Todd of Motor Funerals Ltd, buried Edward and the officiating minister was R.O. Todd. Arthur R. Thomas and Thomas E. Hart witnessed the burial. For some reason there is no record of his grave site in the Rookwood Cemetery records.102



Edward was educated for the army, but, on completion of his studies in 1867, he worked for the Government Shipping Office in Brisbane, where, on 17 May 1872, he was transferred to the Customs section. From the position of tide-waiter he worked himself up to the office of Sub-collector of Customs in Mackay where he was stationed in 1872.

With the exception of occasional visits to ports further north, between 1872 and 1894 he remained a continuous resident of Mackay. In addition to discharging the duties pertaining to his office of collector, he also filled the position of Water Police Magistrate, Harbourmaster, Shipping Inspector, Inspector of Distilleries and Breweries, and Inspector of Oyster Fisheries. He was a member of the Licensing and Fire Brigade Boards, a share-holder and representative of the Government in the Eton Central and Racecourse Central Sugar Mills. Some of the government positions were:

Date. Position. Place. Salary, Pounds pa.
17th May 1872, Locker and Clerk, (Mackay,) Pioneer River, 150-0-0.
17th May1872, Boatman and Collector, Pioneer River, 96-0-0.
8th May 1874, Second Officer, Pioneer River, 180-0-0.
1st December 1877, Acting Sub-Collector of Customs, Port Douglas, 250-0-0.
1st January1879, Sub-Collector of Customs, Port Douglas, 300-0-0.
1st January1879, Shipping Master, Port Douglas
1st January1879, Harbour Master, Port Douglas
1st January1879, Shipping Inspector, Port Douglas
1st January1879, Police Magistrate, Port Douglas
5th June 1881, Sub-Collector of Customs, Pioneer River 350-0-0.
5th June 1881, Shipping Master, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Harbour Master, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Inspector of Distilleries, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Water Police Magistrate, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Inspector of Fisheries, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Registrar of B.D.M. Mackay,
1st July 1884, Sub-Collector of Customs, Pioneer River, 400-0-0.
1st October 1885, Inspector of Breweries, Pioneer River
1886, Shipping Inspector, Pioneer River, 25-0-0.
5th December 1894, Sub-Collector of Customs, Cooktown, 400-0-0.
5th December 1894, Harbour Master, Cooktown
5th December 1894, Shipping Inspector, Cooktown
5th December 1894, Inspector of Distilleries & Excise, Cooktown.
103

Edward was retired on 30 Jun 1895 at Cooktown, Qld, Australia.104

Edward and Edith lived in 1897 at Fernleigh, Mackay, Qld, Australia, as Farmers and he also held an Auctioneer's Licence and premises in Mackay.105 He and Edith Mary Allen lived between 1905 and 1906 at "Fernleigh", Mackay, Qld, Australia; he was shown as a Commission Agent. Both Edwars and Edith Mary were shown at this address.106 He lived in 1909 at Plane Creek, Qld, Australia. He was shown as an Agent. Edward's wife Edith Mary was shown as living in MacKay but not at Plane Creek. This raises the question of were they still living together?107 He lived between 1912 and 1913 at Mackay, Qld, Australia.108 He lived in 1914 at Fernleigh, Mackay, Qld, Australia; but his wife was not enrolled at the same address at that time. This is the last Qld entry for him, from 1919 he was in Sydney.109 He lived in 1919 at 78 Rosser St, Rozelle, NSW, Australia.110 He lived in 1921 at 22 Moodie St, Cammaray, NSW, Australia.111 He lived in 1922 at 180 Ernest St, Cammaray, NSW, Australia.112


The seven known children of Edward Robert Norfor4 MacCarthy and Edith Bushnell (see #11) were as follows:

11. Edith4 BUSHNELL (Richard, #22) was born on 1 Dec 1849 at Wetheron, Gayndah, Qld, Australia. There is some confusion as to where Edith and her two siblings, Elizabeth and Richard, were born. According to Allan Bushnell's records they were born at Wetheron Cattle Station, near Gayndah, Qld. Also, Edith's marriage and death certificate says she was born at Wetheron Station, Burnett. However, their baptism records have them as living at Glebe, Sydney, in 1852, and they were baptised in the Parish of St. Lawrence, which is the parish for the city of Sydney. To further complicate it, their parents appear to have been married in Brisbane in 1849, and the three children were all baptised together some three and a half years after Edith was born, and five months after Richard, the youngest of the three was born. There does not seem to be any record of how they travel to Sydney from Qld. Possibly their parents travelled to Sydney after their marriage and the three children were born in Sydney. That would mean they travelled back to Qld after Richard was born as the next child, was born in Qld about two years after the first three were baptised. If Edith was born at "Wetheron" then she is said to have been the first white child born in the Burnett area.143 She was baptized on 22 Aug 1852 at Presbyterian Church, Parish of St Lawrence, Sydney, Cumberland, NSW, Australia.144

Edith Bushnell married Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy (see #10), son of Justin Edward Daniel MacCarthy (Captain) and Anne Davies Norfor, on 12 Jun 1880 at Seaview Cottage, Port Douglas, Qld, Australia. They were married at the residence of T. Powers Esq., Port Douglas (Edith's brother-in-law) . Edward's occupation was shown as Snr Collector of Customs and Police Magistrate, he was 29 years old and a bachelor. His birth place was shown as Calicut, East India. Edith was a spinster aged 30 years; her birth place was shown as Wetheron Station, Burnett Station, Qld. Edward's father was shown as Justin Edward Daniel MacCarthy, late of the 40th regiment, his mother as Anne Davies Norfor. Edith's father was shown as Richard Bushnell, Gentleman, and her mother as Jane Clarke. The witnesses were John Gaul and Jessie Struthers and the officiating minister as Albert Cornelius Mosley.145

Edith Bushnell died on 11 Aug 1898 at Fernleigh, near Mackay, Qld, Australia, at age 48. She died from hyperpyrexia (malignant hyperthermia) which she had had for 11 days prior to death. She was attended by Dr. A.T. Dulie who last saw her on 8 Aug 1898. Her father's name was shown as Richard Bushnell but no mother's name was shown. Her husband was the informant. Her place of birth was shown as Witheron Station, Burnett, Qld. She had been married at the age of 30 at Port Douglas, Qld. She was succeeded by 7 living children (Eward Richard 17, Justin Eric 15, Norton Norman 13, Edith Alice 12, Aubrey Roy 11, Mina Evelyn 9 and Bernett Hofford 8; spelling as per death certiciate).146 She was buried on 12 Aug 1898 at Mackay Cemetery, Cemetery Rd, Mackay, Qld, Australia. The Reverend. W.A. Turner, Church of England, conducted the burial service. The witnesses to the burial were I.C. Binney and William Matthews. Alexander Grant certified the burial, which was registered at Mackay on 4 Sep 1898, by the registrar A. Hanbury. She is in the Church of England (Anglican) Section; Block 2; Line# 2; Plot#:38. Burial #: 2164-1. She is buried with many other family members, but Edith was probably the first person to interred in this grave. The burial fee was $5.147



Edward and Edith lived in 1897 at Fernleigh, Mackay, Qld, Australia, as Farmers and he also held an Auctioneer's Licence and premises in Mackay.148

According to one of Edith's grand-daughters, Edith had black hair, but, on seeing a bolting horse, and thinking it was dragging one of her sons, her hair went white overnight.149




12. Benjamin4 PARNELL (John Purnell, #24) was born on 8 Feb 1848 at Dungog, NSW. Benjamin's baptism certificate shows his name as Prunell, which is similar to Purnell, his father's name.150,151 He was baptized on 7 May 1848 at Parish of Eldon, Durham, NSW.152

Benjamin Parnell married Harriet Hoy (see #13), daughter of John Hoy and Sarah Hagger, on 14 Jun 1880 at Walcha, NSW, Australia. They were married by a minister, A. E. Spooner. The marriage certificate does not list Benjamin's parents and it has him listed as a "Tobacconist" residing in Sydney. Harriet's father is listed as John Hoy, a farmer, and she resided at "Spring Farm", Walcha.

(In 2004 "Spring Farm" was still in existance, it is approximately 12 km south of Walcha slightly east of the Walcha - Nowndoc Road, known as Thundebolt's Way.).
153

Benjamin Parnell died on 23 Oct 1931 at Sutherland, NSW, at age 83.154 He was buried at Woronora Cemetery, Sutherland, NSW, He is buried with his wife, Harriett, in the Anglican part of the cemetry (Section:AD, Pos:52). Also in the grave are the ashes of his son Percy and his wife Eda Belle. His headstone, and death certificate, shows him as being 86 years old, which is incorrect.155

His father and mother had both been convicts who lived near Dungog, NSW. He is not shown on the 1878 electoral roll as living with his parents in East Sydney, but is mentioned in the NSW Bureau of Statistics 1901 Census, when he was living at Orundumby in the County of Vernon, in the District of Walcha. That is probably correct as he was married and lived at Walcha, where his wife was residing when they married. Benjamin and his wife lived at 'Spring Farm' Walcha where they had 12 children. He was enrolled on the electoral roll between 1888 and 1896 at Orundumby, Walcha, NSW.156 He appeared on the census of 1901 at Orundumby, Walcha, Vernon, NSW. He is shown as the head of the household; there was a total of 5 males and 4 females at his address.157 {#30}

Benjamin Parnell and Harriet Hoy were enrolled on the electoral roll between 1903 and 1906 at Walcha, NSW, Australia. He is listed as a labourer and she as doing domestic duties.158 He and Harriet Hoy lived between 1916 and 1917 at Gola, Walcha, NSW, Australia, he was shown as a Farmer.159 He lived in 1925 at President Av, Sutherland, NSW.160 Shortly before he died, Benjamin was living with his son Benjamin in President Ave, Sutherland, and Harriett was living with her son Percy in Glencoe St Sutherland. It is unclear why they lived apart.161


The 13 known children of Benjamin4 Parnell and Harriet Hoy (see #13) were as follows:

13. Harriet4 HOY (John, #26) was born on 21 Sep 1860 at Europambela, Walcha, NSW, Australia. Her father was listed as a shepherd of age 43 and her mother's age was 38. Both parents were from Elmsden, Essex, England. The witness to the birth was Mrs Roberts, and the registrar was William H. Mutlow.216,217

Harriet Hoy married Benjamin Parnell (see #12), son of John Purnell and Elizabeth Clarke, on 14 Jun 1880 at Walcha, NSW, Australia. They were married by a minister, A. E. Spooner. The marriage certificate does not list Benjamin's parents and it has him listed as a "Tobacconist" residing in Sydney. Harriet's father is listed as John Hoy, a farmer, and she resided at "Spring Farm", Walcha.

(In 2004 "Spring Farm" was still in existance, it is approximately 12 km south of Walcha slightly east of the Walcha - Nowndoc Road, known as Thundebolt's Way.).
218 She died on 23 Mar 1938 at Glencoe St, Sutherland, NSW, Australia, at age 77.219 She was buried on 25 Mar 1938 at Woronora Cemetry, Sutherland, NSW, Australia, with her husband, Benjamin, in the Anglican section of the cemetry (Section:AD, Pos:52).220

{#30}

Harriet Hoy and Benjamin Parnell were enrolled on the electoral roll between 1903 and 1906 at Walcha, NSW, Australia. He is listed as a labourer and she as doing domestic duties.221 She and Benjamin Parnell lived between 1916 and 1917 at Gola, Walcha, NSW, Australia, he was shown as a Farmer.222 She lived between 1921 and 1923 at Spring Farm, Walcha, NSW, Australia, it is unclear where her husband was at this time.223 Shortly before he died, Benjamin was living with his son Benjamin in President Ave, Sutherland, and Harriett was living with her son Percy in Glencoe St Sutherland. It is unclear why they lived apart.224 She was enrolled on the Commonwealth electoral roll in 1934 at President Avenue, Sutherland, NSW, Australia.




14. Alexander4 LOGAN (John, #28) was born in 1847 at Derry, Ireland.225 He married Elizabeth Henry (see #15), daughter of John Henry and Isabella (--?--), on 12 Aug 1874 at Parish Church, Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, Parish of Hetton-le-Hole, England. They were married in the Parish Church after Banns. He signed with his signature and she by her mark. The witnesses were Mary Henry (by her mark) and (unreadable). He was a bachelor aged 25 and a Miner aged 25, she a spinster, aged 20, of Easington Terrace. His father was shown as John Logan, a Labourer, and her father as John Henry (with an unreadable occupation).226 He died on 5 Jan 1892 at Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England.227,228
He was a Miner in 1874. Alexander Logan was head of household on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Chapel St, Hetton-Le-Hole, Durham, England, as Alexanda Logan. His occupation was shown as a Coal Miner. Also living at the same address with him and his wife were Mary Elizabeth, daughter, age 6, John, son, age 5 and Isabella, daughter, age 3. Also enumerated were Elizabeth Henry, Mary Elizabeth Logan, John Logan, and Isabella Logan.229 He was an Insurance Agent in 1890 at Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England.230 Alexander Logan was head of household on the census of 5 Apr 1891 at East Avenue, Hetto-le-Hole, Durham, England,. He was shown as an Insurance Agent. Also enumerated were Mary Elizabeth Logan, John Logan, Isabella Logan, Sarah Frances Logan, Joseph Logan, Thomas William Logan, Lavinia (Vinie) Logan, George Henry Logan, and Alexander Logan.231

The 11 known children of Alexander4 Logan and Elizabeth Henry (see #15) were as follows:

15. Elizabeth4 HENRY (John, #30)277 was born in 1854 at Ireland.278 She married Alexander Logan (see #14), son of John Logan, on 12 Aug 1874 at Parish Church, Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, Parish of Hetton-le-Hole, England. They were married in the Parish Church after Banns. He signed with his signature and she by her mark. The witnesses were Mary Henry (by her mark) and (unreadable). He was a bachelor aged 25 and a Miner aged 25, she a spinster, aged 20, of Easington Terrace. His father was shown as John Logan, a Labourer, and her father as John Henry (with an unreadable occupation).279 She died on 17 Jan 1910 at Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England.280,281
She was enumerated with Alexander Logan on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Chapel St, Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England.282 She was enumerated with Alexander Logan on the census of 5 Apr 1891 at East Avenue, Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England.283



Generation Five



16. John5 JOHNSTON (William, #32).

John Johnston was born circa 1814 at Bracadale, Waternish, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland.284,285 He married Mary McClure (see #17), daughter of Donald McClure and Christy Stewart, on 26 Jan 1849 at Isleornsay, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland.286,287

John Johnston died on 16 Oct 1871 at Gippsland Hospital, Sale, Vic, Australia,. The cause of death was an accidental fall from his horse, he died one day after the fall. His occupation was listed on the death certificate as "Shepherd" as was his father who was named as William; his mother's name was listed as unknown. His death certificate stated that he had been married at the age of 34 in Skye to Mary McClure and had been in Victoria for 16 years. He was survived by 10 children: Ephemia (22), William (19), Christina (17), Margaret (14), Janette and Donald (11), Ann (8), Isaac (6) and Alexander and John both aged 3.288 He was buried on 17 Oct 1871 at Sale Cemetery, Sale, Vic, Australia. The burial service was conducted by Rev Login, Presbyterian. His estate was probated on 5 Oct 1882 at Vic, Australia. His estate was probated by "administration" with his wife, Mary, being the grantee. His occupation was noted in the probate documents as "Farmer". For some reason his probate appears twice in the records with the same death date but different probate dates.289,290

. He was enumerated with William Johnston on the census of 6 Jun 1841 at Kinloch, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland,. He was aged 25.291 He lived in 1848 at IsleOrnsay, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland.292,293 John Johnston was head of household on the census of 30 Mar 1851 at Duisdalebeg, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland,. He was aged 40, and shown as a Seaman and Carpenter. He was shown as having been born at Bracadale, Sleat. Also living at the same address was a Margaret Maclure, aged 14, a General Servant, born Sleat. The town of Duisdalebeg lies in the district bounded by Quisdelmore and Brais of Knoch.294 He and Mary McClure emigrated on 29 Jul 1854 from Camuscross, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland. John, Mary, Effy and William departed from Liverpool, England on the ship Hornet. The family lived on the estate of Lord MacDonald and they were listed as having "no aid". John was 35, Mary 24, Euphemia 5 and William 2. Camuscross is said to be a very pretty spot on the southern part of the Isle of Skye, not far from Broadford.295

John Johnston immigrated on 23 Oct 1854 to Geelong, Vic, Australia. With John and his wife Mary were their two children Effy (Euphemia) and William. They came from the Camuscross, Parish of Sleat, Isle of Skye, Inverness, Scotland, departing Liverpool on 29 July 1854, on the Hornet, a vessel of 1155 tons. After a trip of 87 days they arrived at Port Phillip Heads on the 23 Oct 1854 and in Geelong on the following day. The master of the vessel was B. Stacey. John was listed as being 'on his own account', meaning he had no employer when he arrived. He was listed as an agricultural labourer. None of the family could read or write and all were listed as being of the Presbyterian religion. The Hornet carried 344 adults (over the age of 14) and 90 children. One child, aged 3, died during the voyage of gastric irritations and exhaustion. All passengers were Scottish immigrants sponsored by the Highland Island Emigration Society. The ship also carried 100 tons of coal from Liverpool. At least one child was born during the voyage from Liverpool; on 8 Aug 1854 a daughter to Isabella, the wife of William McLean, of Glasgow. Also on the same vessel was John's sister, Marion, and her husband, John McLean.296

An inquest was held by the Coroner, Alexander Arbuckle, into his death at Sale, Vic., on 17 Oct 1871. There were two witnesses to the inquiry, John's brother-in-law, John McLean, and a Medical Practitioner, William Forbes. John's death was notified to the Coroner by Dr. Forbes on 16 Oct 1871.

The evidence of John McLean, a Farmer, read: The deceased John Johnson is my brother-in-law, I left Sale in his company on Saturday 14th inst about 3pm to go home to Denison. We were both on horseback and were joined by Samuel McWilliams at Foster Stub (?) Bridge. We rode together along the rode for about 4 miles when deceased cantered ahead of us about 20 chains when I saw him fall from his horse on his head I cannot say what caused him to fall but believe his horse must have stumbled or stopped very short. There was no person in his company or near him than myself when he fell. McWilliams and I rode up to where he was lying, with his face on the ground, there was blood about his mouth and nose. I lifted him hp with his head on my arm, he never spoke and for some little time scarcely breathed. I left him with McWilliams and rode back to Sale for Dr. Forbes who returned with me and deceased was then conveyed to the Sale Hospital. Deceased was not perfectly sober but I thought him quite capable of riding his horse which was, as far as I know, a quiet one. Deceased was 57 years of age.

The evidence of William Forbes, a Medical Practitioner, of Sale, read: I went by request of John McLean to the deceased on Saturday 14th inst. I found him lying by the side of a tree on the Rosedale Road near Mr. Jones's property, Mr. McWIlliams and several others were there when I arrived. He was suffering from all the symptoms of concussion of the brain, breathing slow and pulse small, there was abrasion of the skin of the nose and right temple and the right eye protruded slightly from the socket, the pupil of the left eye was contracted and that of the right dilated. I arranged his removal to hospital as soon as a conveyance could be procured. Deceased rallied slightly on the next day, but gradually sank and died yesterday afternoon (16th). I have performed a post-mortem examination this day and find in addition to marks already described a contusion on the left temple. Between the scalp and the skull there was confusion of coagulated blood all over the upper surface. There was a fracture extending over the frontal parietal bones along the flow of the orbs from one side to the other and round to the top again. The bones were not displaced. There was a large clot of blood on the surface of the brain under th left temple. There is no doubt that the fracture of the skull was the cause of death. There was no hope of his recovery..
297


The 10 known children of John5 Johnston and Mary McClure (see #17) were as follows:

17. Mary5 MCCLURE (Donald, #34) was born between 1824 and 1825 at Sleat, Isle of Skye, Inverness, Scotland.330,331 She married John Johnston (see #16), son of William Johnston and Effie MacRae, on 26 Jan 1849 at Isleornsay, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland.332,333

Mary McClure died on 5 Nov 1915 at Gippsland Hospital, Sale, Vic, Australia,. She died one day after having a cerebral haemorrhage. Her address was listed as Reeve St. Sale. Her death certificate listed her age as 88 and she had been in Victoria for 63 years. She had married at the age of 24 on the Isle of Skye, Scotland. She was survived by 9 children: Euphemia (63), William (63), Christina (58), Margaret (56), Jannette and Donald (54), Annie (52), Isaac (50) and Alexander (48) with John having died at age 16.334 She was buried on 7 Nov 1915 at Sale Cemetery, Sale, Vic, Australia. The burial ceremony was conducted by C.J. Davidson, C of E. Her estate was probated on 6 Jan 1916 at Sale, Vic, Australia.335

(See notes for her husband John Johnston). She was enumerated with John Johnston on the census of 30 Mar 1851 at Duisdalebeg, Sleat, Isle of Skye, Inverness, Scotland,. Listed on the same page of the census return were John and Euphemia Johnston. Mary was shown as being 27 years of age, and Euphemia as 1 year old. Also living at the same address was a Margaret Maclure, aged 14, and a servant. The town of Quisdlebey lies in the district bounded by Quisdelmore and Brais of Knoch, Sleat, Isle of Skye. She and John Johnston emigrated on 29 Jul 1854 from Camuscross, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland. John, Mary, Effy and William departed from Liverpool, England on the ship Hornet. The family lived on the estate of Lord MacDonald and they were listed as having "no aid". John was 35, Mary 24, Euphemia 5 and William 2. Camuscross is said to be a very pretty spot on the southern part of the Isle of Skye, not far from Broadford.336

Mary McClure immigrated on 23 Oct 1854 to Geelong, Vic, Australia. With John and his wife Mary were their two children Effy (Euphemia) and William. They came from the Camuscross, Parish of Sleat, Isle of Skye, Inverness, Scotland, departing Liverpool on 29 July 1854, on the Hornet, a vessel of 1155 tons. After a trip of 87 days they arrived at Port Phillip Heads on the 23 Oct 1854 and in Geelong on the following day. The master of the vessel was B. Stacey. John was listed as being 'on his own account', meaning he had no employer when he arrived. He was listed as an agricultural labourer. None of the family could read or write and all were listed as being of the Presbyterian religion. The Hornet carried 344 adults (over the age of 14) and 90 children. One child, aged 3, died during the voyage of gastric irritations and exhaustion. All passengers were Scottish immigrants sponsored by the Highland Island Emigration Society. The ship also carried 100 tons of coal from Liverpool. At least one child was born during the voyage from Liverpool; on 8 Aug 1854 a daughter to Isabella, the wife of William McLean, of Glasgow. Also on the same vessel was John's sister, Marion, and her husband, John McLean.337 She immigrated on 23 Oct 1854 to Geelong, Vic, Australia.338 She lived between 1903 and 1914 at Reeve St, Sale, Vic, Australia.339 She authorized a will on 12 Jun 1912 at Sale, Vic, Australia. Her will read as follows: THIS IS THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT of me MARY JOHNSTON of Reeve Street Sale in the State of Victoria Widow. I APPOINT Donald Johnston of Reeve St Sale aforesaid Contractor my son Sole Executor of this my Will. I GIVE AND DEVISE the house freehold property and premises on which I now reside and situate in Reeve Street Sale aforesaid to my said son Donald Johnston and my daughter Annie Johnston as tenants in common. I give and bequeath my family Bible to my daughter Janet Boyd for her own use and benefit absolutely. I GIVE AND BEQUEATH the sum of ten pounds to my daughter Margaret Balfour. I GIVE AND BEQUEATH the whole of the rest and residue of my real and personal property not hereinbefore bequeathed or devised to the said Donald Johnston and the said Annie Johnston in equal shares. IN WITNESS whereof I have hereunto set my hand this twelth day of June 1912 ------ Mary -- her X mark -- Johnston --------. SIGNED by the Testatrix Mary Johnston (by her affixing her mark hereto) in the presence of us both present at the same time who at her request in her sight and presence and in the sight and presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses and we hereby certify that the said Will was first read over and explained to the Testatrix by Robert Monteith Rolland of Sale Solicitor when she perfectly understood the same. R.M. Rolland Solr Sale, Donald Nicolson Clerk to Arthur F, Rice Solicitor Sale..340




18. Abraham Dathe5 WARD was born in 1811 at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England. Date was taken from his daughter Amelia's birth certificate. Also from Vic History Index: WO3686 (1866). The Vic History Index has his birth place as Sudbury. However Amelia's birth certificate has it as Bury St. Edmunds. The two towns are close together, being about 30 km apart. His death certificate would put his birth year as 1810.341

Abraham Dathe Ward married Harriet Ridley (see #19), daughter of Edward Ridley and Jane Taylor, on 21 Sep 1840 at Parish of St James Melbourne, Bourke, Vic, Australia. They were married by banns by Rev Rochfort Burrow Grange.342

Abraham Dathe Ward died on 26 Dec 1886 at Neumerella, Shire of Tambo, Vic, Australia,. He died of natural causes, after an illness of 10 days, and, as there was no medical attendent, his death was investigated by James Cameron J.P. His occupation was listed as a Baker on the death certificate. His parents are shown as "unknown"; his age as 76, and he had been in the Colony for 49 years (arrival 1837), having came from Suffolk, England. His death certificate listed his children as: Harriet (deceased, probably should say Martha), Harriet (44), Sarah (39), Martha (37), Edward (35 but deceased), Mary (33), Christina Henrietta (deceased), Abraham William (30), Christina (27), Alice (2 but deceased) and Amelia (24).343 He was buried on 28 Dec 1886 at Orbost, Vic, Australia. The undertaker was Harry Gingell, the minister Robert Martin and the witnesses were Albert Elliot and his son-in-law William Johnston. The registrar was Jas Jno Thompson of Orbost.

He immigrated in 1837 to Victoria. It is unsure when Abraham came to Australia, the date shown has been calculated from his death certificate, which also says he came to Victoria. It is possible he arrived in Australia some years prior to 1837 and moved to Victoria in that year. One of his child's birth certificates says he was from Bury St. Edmunds, England, another from Sudbury, and his death certificate says Suffolk. Both towns, Sudbury and Bury St. Edmunds, are in the County of Suffolk, about 30km apart. His death certificate also stated that he was a Baker.

As at the year 2000 no one had been able to find an entry for an Abraham Ward into Australia. However, on some of his early children's baptism records he is listed with the name Abraham Dathe Ward. The name Dathe may be a derivation of the surname Death, which may indicate that his name was actually Abraham Death, which he changed to Ward, that being his mother's maiden name. There was a family at Edwardstone, Suffolk (about 8 km from Sudbury) in the early 1800's with a father William Death and mother Sarah Ward. There was also an Abraham Death born in Suffolk in 1810 to a William Death but with mother Mary. An Abraham Death was sentenced to 7 years transportation in the October 1829 Sessions of the Old Bailey for stealing a time-piece worth 40 shillings. He was transported to Hobart Town on the ship Lord Lyndoch, arriving 18 Nov 1831, and was listed on the convict indent as being a Bread Baker (see above). This Abraham Death disappeared after a census in Hobart in 1835 and no record of his marriage or death has been recorded. Also, on about 19 April 1836 an A. Ward travelled from Hobart to Launceston on the schooner Vansitart, but there is no record of him arriving in Hobart nor leaving Launceston. (This investigation is still continuing.).
344 He was a Dairykeeper in 1841 at Ar-ran-doo-vong, (now Branxholme), Vic.

In June 1843 Portland's Police Magistrate, James Blair, granted Abraham a licence to operate an inn called "Traveller's Rest" on the road to Melbourne, at the Ar-ran-doo-vong Creek Crossing, also called "Tommy Best's Ford" (now called Branxholme); trading to commence on 1 July. A few months after its establishment, on 8 Aug 1843, the inn was attacked by Aborigines who carried off Martha Ward, the eldest daughter of Abraham and Harriet. She was not seen alive again, but her remains were found. According to an Aboriginal woman, Martha was killed because she cried, (apparently Aboriginal children were taught not to cry at night else it give away their camp to invaders.) Martha's death was the only recorded instance of Aborigines killing a European child in the Portland Bay District. Abraham's licence was transferred to a Richard Nowlan in 1844 and he in turn transferred it to Thomas Best. The inn was on the south-west corner of Lynch and Creek Streets, Branxholme, and was in use until about 1891 when the building became a cheese factory. It has since been demolished.

Shortly after Martha's abduction Abraham was involved in another event concerning Aborigines. A Mr Bassett had gone out with his flock of sheep on the 31 August 1843 and he was found dead with his body partly covered in leaves; having been speared in several places and mutilated with wooden pegs driven into his eye sockets. Abraham Ward, who was part of the pursuit party eventually found about fifty of the ewes at some considerable distance from the scene of the murder.
345,346,347,348,349

Abraham's name is mentioned in the 1843 NSW Government Gazette as having been granted licenses allowing him to depasture stock beyond the boundaries of Western Port and the Portland Bay District. Two licenses were garnted, one on 17 Mar 1843, and another on 1 Nov 1843.350 He was a Farmer in 1863 at Berwick, Vic, (information from his daughter's birth certificate). He lived between 1866 and 1870 at Berwick, Vic, where he was a Gardener.351,352


The 13 known children of Abraham Dathe5 Ward and Harriet Ridley (see #19) were as follows:

19. Harriet5 RIDLEY (Edward, #38) was born in 1820 but her birthplace is uncertain. It is listed on one of her child's birth certificate as Wicklow, Ireland. However, the shipping record has her as coming from Wexford. The counties of Wicklow and Wexford are adjacent in Ireland, and also, in each of the counties Wicklow and Wexford there is a town called Wicklow and Wexford respectively.392

Harriet Ridley married Abraham Dathe Ward (see #18) on 21 Sep 1840 at Parish of St James Melbourne, Bourke, Vic, Australia. They were married by banns by Rev Rochfort Burrow Grange.393

Harriet Ridley died on 9 Jan 1891 at Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Vic,. She died from Mitral Heart Disease. The medical attendant was Dr. Anderson who saw her last on 8 Jan 1891. Her detah certificate listed her as having been in the colony for about 30 years and her children were shown as : Harriet (47), Sarah (45), Martha (42), Edward (deceased), Mary (38), Abraham, Annie and Alice (both deceased) and Amelia (25).394 She was buried on 13 Jan 1891 at Cemetery, Melbourne, Vic. The undertaker was a John Wilson and the minister was Albert Kearney.



Harriet Ridley immigrated on 27 Jun 1840 to Port Phillip, Vic. Harriet immigrated on the ship Andomache. Harriet was listed as coming from Wexford, Ireland; she was 19 years of age, a dressmaker, of the Protestant religion, and could read and write. Also on the ship was a Sarah Ridley, who also came from Wexford, she was 16 years of age, and also a dressmaker. Sarah was possibly Harriet's sister. The Andromache carried 32 families, 43 unmarried males and 60 unmarried females. All the passengers on the ship, including Harriet, were imported under a government bounty by a Mr John Marshall for the sum of 18 pounds each. John Marshall was an agent for "The Committee for promoting the Emmigration of Single Women", a committe that was set up by the British government in 1834 to endeavour to rectify the great shortage of single women in the Australian colonies. The total cost for all passengers was 3071 pounds.395 She was a School Teacher in 1891.396




20. Justin Edward Daniel5 MACCARTHY (Captain) (William, #40) was born on 21 Jun 1823 at Ghent, Belgium. Witnesses to the birth registration were Daniel van Duyn age 50 (his father-in-law) and Henry Huddlestone age 50.397,398

Justin Edward Daniel MacCarthy (Captain) married Anne Davies Norfor (see #21), daughter of Robert William Wright Norfor and Mary Hose, on 20 Jan 1848 at Vepery St Matthia's Church, Madras, India. Justin was a lieutenant in the 94th Regiment, residing at Fort St. George, Madras. They were married by licence with the witnesses being T.E.J. Boilean, Elizabeth Boilean, E.D.J. MacCarthy (probably his brother), R.W. Norfor, and Mary Boilean. The chaplain was F.G. Lugard. Justin's age was 22½ and Anne's 22. He was a bachelor and she a spinster.399

Justin Edward Daniel MacCarthy (Captain) died on 10 May 1897 at "Karoona", O'Connell St., Kangaroo Pt., Brisbane, Qld, Australia, at age 73. He died with Diabetes Mellitus and Angina Pectoris, his medical attendant being Dr. W.S. Byrne, who last saw him on 10 May 1897. The informant was his son-in-law C.W. Watts of Brighton Road, South Brisbane. His father was shown as MacCarthy, Colonel. He had been born in Ghent, Holland, and had been in Australia for 42 years. He had married Anne Davies Norfor, in Madras, India, at the age of 25. He was survived by Justin Edward Thomas (48), Edward Robert Norfor (46), Alice Gertrude (44), Mary Elizabeth Ann (42), Georgina Sophia (40), John Charles Buckner (38 Emily Ada (37, Edith Bliss (30) and William Henry (25). There were deceased males.400 He was buried on 13 May 1897 at Bulimba Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld. The burial service was conducted by Chas. Codling, Church of England and certified by Alfred Cannon. E.J. Eaborn and W. Cannon witnessed the burial. He was buried with his wife (Ann Davies Norfor), in Section 1, Ref 28. The headstone inscription reads: Our parents Ann Davis MacCarthy d.5 May 1892; also Capt. Justin E.R. MacCarthy d.10 May 1897; also Catherine Stuart MacCarthy d.7 Feb 1938; (Catherine Stuart MacCarthy was the wife of Justin's youngest son, William Henry). He is buried in Section:1.401 His estate was probated on 30 Oct 1897 at Brisbane; his land being transferred to his daughter Alice Gertrude MacCarthy of Brisbane (spinster), his son Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy (gentleman) of Mackay, and his son-in-law Charles Warwick Watts of Brisbane (civil servant).402



Justin started his military career as an Ensign in the 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot on 16 Dec 1840, at which time his father, William Justin, was a lieutenant in the same regiment. Justin became a lieutenant, and his father a captain, on 29 March 1844. In March 1845, Justin transferred to the 94th, and became a captain on 29 December 1854. On one of Justin's son's death certificate it says that his son was born in Calicut, India, so it would appear that he was serving there in 1850. In 1845-1849 the 94th Regiment was in Cannanore, Kerala, India. As Calicut is also in Kerala it would appear that that is where he was while in India. This is reinforced by the address of Cannanore on the report to the War Office of his marriage to Anne Davies Norfor. On a 40th Regiment pay-slip, 1 Apr 1855 to 30 Jun 1855, in Galway, Ireland, it said that Justin transferred from the 94th Regiment to the 40th Regiment. He joined the 40th on 1 May 1855 but was on leave until 7 June 1855. He moved to the Service Company on 8 Jun 1855, and the pay slip says he was at sea from 8 Jun to 25 Oct. As the ship in which the regiment traveled to Australia departed from Kingstown, Ireland, and, as Justin's fourth child, Mary Elizabeth Ann's death certificate states that she was born in London, England, the family must have travelled from India to Ireland sometime prior to mid 1855, before setting out for Australia.403,404,405,406,407

Justin and his wife and four children travelled from Kingstown (Dublin), Ireland, to Melbourne on the ship Windsor which was under the command of Captain W. Lilley. The ship carried troops destined to join the 2nd/40th Somersetshire Regiment of Foot. The vessel departed Kingstown on 10 Jun 1855 and arrived at Port Phillip Heads on 24 Oct and in Melbourne on 27 Oct 1855. The vessel company was in command of Major J.M.B. Neile and consisted of 9 Officers, 11 Sergeants, 8 Corporals and 356 Privates. The soldiers suffered a pay stoppage for rations supplied on board the vessel for a total of 9267 days at 6 pence per day totalling £231/13/6. The command money to Major Neile amounted to 3 shillings per day for a total amount of £21/9/-. It is unclear if the vessel travelled directly from Ireland to Melbourne or if it went via India. Justin and his family were in Madras, India, in 1850 and, if the Windsor did not go to India it means that the family must have travelled back to Ireland prior to joining the 40th Regiment.408,409

Justin's army record in Australia can be followed via the relevant army pay-slips. He first appears on a 40th Regiment pay-slip in Galway, Ireland, which states that he had been in the 94th Regiment and was being assigned to the 2/40th Somersetshire (2nd Tour) Regiment of Foot as a Captain on 1 May 1855. He traveled to Australia with his family from Kingston (Dublin), Ireland, leaving on 8 June 1855 and arriving in Melbourne on 27 Oct 1855. He took up his duties with his regiment in Melbourne on 29 Oct 1855. While in the army in Australia he served on assignments in Melbourne, Hobart and New Zealand. During his time in Hobart and New Zealand he served as the detachment paymaster. He served in Melbourne until 29 Dec 1858, after which he travelled to Hobart on the Salem, a ship of 906 tons, arriving 6 Jan 1859, with his wife and 6 children. He served there until April 1860 when he was assigned to Taranaki, New Plymouth, New Zealand where he remained until 11 Oct 1860. It is noted on one of the last pay-slips he appears on that he travelled from 23 Apr to 29 Apr 1860 on Her Majesty's Colonial Steam Sloop Victoria, which was a vessel of the Victorian Navy. He was assigned to New Zealand with a contingent of about 130 army personnel who were to be involved in the war against the Maoris after the Taranaki Rebellion. He returned to Hobart via Sydney and Melbourne; travelling from Nelson to Sydney from 11-18 Oct 1860 on the SS Lord Worsley (296 ton), Sydney to Melbourne from 20-22 Oct on the SS Wonga Wonga, and to Hobart from 24-26 Oct on the SS City of Hobart. The family did not accompany him to New Zealand. There was a note on the pay-slip for the period 1 Jan 1861 to 31 Mar 1861 that he had retired on 15 Feb 1861, however he is still listed on subsequent pay-slips (he was the pay-master for that period). (There is an interesting article in the "Hobart Mercury" on the troops departure from Hobart to Taranaki.) The last entry he appears on is that for 1 Apr 1861 to 30 June 1861, which was a New Zealand pay-slip that mentioned he had returned to Hobart.410,411,412,413,414,415,416

During their stay in Melbourne two children, Georgiana Sophia, and Bladen Neil, were born, although there is no birth record for Bladen, who died in Hobart on 27 Oct 1859 at the age of 16 months ("Hobart Mercury" 28 Oct 1859). (The fact that Bladen was born in Melbourne is indicated by the family arriving in Melbourne with four children and in Hobart with six.) Another child, John Charles Buckner, was born in Hobart ( "Hobart Mercury" 11 Nov 1959).417,418,419,420,421 In 1867 Justin was appointed as a Probationary Clerk of the Fifth Class in the Qld General Post Office. He was also appointed an Officer of the Fourth Class in the Qld Government State Bank.422 He lived in 1868 at Gregory Terrace, Brisbane.423

Justin was employed in 1874 at Wharf St., Kangaroo Point, Brisbane, Qld, as a clerk.424 He lived between 1878 and 1884 at "Karoona", O'Connel St, Kangaroo Point, Brisbane, Qld, he was shown as a Clerk with the Government Savings Bank.425 According to the Qld Post Office directory for the period between 1894 and 1896, Justin Edward Daniel MacCarthy (Captain) lived at O'Connel St, Kangaroo Point, Brisbane, Qld.426


The 11 known children of Justin Edward Daniel5 MacCarthy (Captain) and Anne Davies Norfor (see #21) were as follows:

21. Anne Davies5 NORFOR (Robert, #42) was born circa 14 Feb 1826 at Calais, France, calculated from her death certificate that said she lived for 66 years, 2 months and 19 days.

Anne Davies Norfor married Justin Edward Daniel MacCarthy (Captain) (see #20), son of William Justin MacCarthy (Colonel) and Sophie Van Duyn, on 20 Jan 1848 at Vepery St Matthia's Church, Madras, India. Justin was a lieutenant in the 94th Regiment, residing at Fort St. George, Madras. They were married by licence with the witnesses being T.E.J. Boilean, Elizabeth Boilean, E.D.J. MacCarthy (probably his brother), R.W. Norfor, and Mary Boilean. The chaplain was F.G. Lugard. Justin's age was 22½ and Anne's 22. He was a bachelor and she a spinster.495 She died on 5 May 1892 at Karoona, O'Connell St, Kangaroo Pt., Brisbane, Qld,. She died from Hepatitis, which she had had for 7 years, Chronic Enteritis and Atrophia. Her medical attendant was Dr. H. Dixon, who last saw her on 5 May 1892. Her husband was the informant. Her age was given as 66 years, 2 months and 19 days. Her occupation was shown as "Housewife". The death certificate showed her father as Robert Wright Norfor, whose occupation was shown as E.I. Comp. and Navy. Her mother was shown as Mary Hose. She had been born in Calais, France, and had been in Australia for about 36 years, in various colonies. She had been married at Madras, India, at the age of 22. She was survived by Justin Edward Thomas (43), Edward Robert Norfor (42), Alice Gertrude (39), Mary Elizabeth Ann (37), Georgina Sophia (35), John Charles Buckner (33), Emily Ada (30), Edith Bliss (23) and William Henry (21). There were deceased males.496 She was buried on 6 May 1892 at Bulimba Cemetry, Bulimba, Qld. The burial service was conducted by Hugh Simmons, Church of England, and was certified by Alfred Cannon. The witnesses were John Croft and G. Swindelle. (See burial of her husband Justin E.D. MacCarthy for more details.) She is buried in Section:1.497

According to the Qld Post Office directory for the period between 1894 and 1896, Anne Davies Norfor lived at O'Connel St, Kangaroo Point, Brisbane, Qld.498



22. Richard5 BUSHNELL (Isaac, #44) was born circa 1816 at Bristol, England, the place and date were taken from his death certificate.499

Richard Bushnell married Jane Clarke (see #23), daughter of James Clarke and Jane (--?--), on 8 Jan 1849 at St Johns Church, Brisbane, Stanley, Qld, Australia. They were married by licence with the consent of all parties concerned by Benjamin Glennie. He was a bachelor and she a spinster, both from the Logan River area. The witnesses were James Beechy of North Brisbane and Juliana Foley of Brisbane who signed with her mark.500,501

Richard Bushnell died on 27 Jun 1881 at 23 Fort St, Maryborough, Qld, Australia,. His death certificate said that he died of "general debility" which he had had for 6 months. The medical attendant was J.J. Power. The informant was William Robert Bushnell, his son, of Maryborough and Richard's occupation was shown as an "Overseer". According to his death certificate he arrived in Queensland, about 45 years prior to his death (1836) which tallies with the arrival of Richard Bushell as a convict in Sydney. The death certificate also says that he had been married to Jane Clark in Sydney about 30 years prior to his death (c1851), however, his wife's death certificate states that they were married in Brisbane in 1849. His father was listed as Isaac and had been a Mechanic, and his mother's name was shown as Edith Martin.502 He was buried on 28 Jun 1881 at Maryborough Cemetery, Marborough, Qld, Australia. He was buried by Rev, R.R. Eva, Church of England. The undertaker was W. Kirk and the witnesses William Butler and William Braun.503

There has been some problems attempting to determine Richard Bushnell's life prior to his marriage to Jane Clarke in 1849. According to Richard's death certificate he arrived in the Colony in 1836, however, there is no mention of a Richard Bushnell in the immigration, or convict, records of persons arriving in NSW or Qld in the 1830's. At an age of 63 at his death he would have been born in about 1818. His death certificate shows his father's occupation as "Mechanic", and his birth place as Bristol, England. (On his son William's birth certificate his birth year would have been 1816.)

There was, however, a convict by the name of Richard Bushell who arrived in Sydney in 1835, aged 19, with native place of Gloucestershire. He was sentenced in the Gloucester Azzizes to transportation for life for house breaking. The indent shows that he had been an engineer's apprentice for 2 1/2 years prior to sentencing. He was initially sent to Bathurst, NSW, but, in 1843, he was granted a conditional pardon in Brisbane.

On the baptisim record of the first three children of Richard Bushnell and Jane Clarke (Edith, Elizabeth and Richard), Richard's occupation was listed as "Engineer". On the baptism records of the next two children, (Joseph James and Maria) his occupation was shown as "Labourer" then "Overseer", and on the birth certificate of the next child, (William), it is shown as "Overseer". (N.B. As the first five children were born prior to the separartion of Qld from NSW their births or baptisms are in the NSW records. The birth, or baptism, of the first three children are not listed in the Qld records.)

Interestingly, the first three children were baptised on the same day, 22 Aug 1852, in the Parish of St. Lawrence, County of Cumberland. At that time the Parish of St. Lawrence, covered part of Sydney, and the baptism certificate shows that the family's abode was Glebe, Sydney. One can only ponder on what they were doing in Sydney, although Richard Bushell, the convict, was supposed to collect his conditional pardon from the Sydney office of the Principal Superintendent of Convicts in 1850 or else suffer the consequences of not doing so.

No record can be found of a marriage or death of a Richard Bushell and he appears to have disappeared after gaining his conditional pardon in 1843. (Records have been searched in Qld, NSW, Vic, TAS, WA and SA. Also, there does not appear to be a record of a Richard Bushnell prior to 1849, so one can only speculate on whether they were the same person. In favour of an affirmative answer we can see that were of a similar age, having been born in about 1816-1818, both came to Australia in about 1835, and both came from Gloucestershire. Also, Richard Bushell, the convict, had been an Engineer's apprentice, and Richard Bushnell's occupation was shown as "Engineer" on his first three children's baptism record.

No record of a marriage of Richard's parents has been found in Bristol (Avon), Somerset or Gloucester. Searches have been made for Bushnell and Bushell. There do appear to be some Bushell marriages in all three places, especially Bristol, but none at all for Bushnell. Neither has a birth been found for a Rivhard Bushell, or Bushnell, in the Bristol (Avon) district. Assuming that Richard was born in Bristol, and taking the fact that there are certainly more Bushells than Bushnells, it seems logical to assume that Richard may have been a Bushell.

The following narrative assumes that Richard Bushell and Richard Bushnell are the some person.


Richard Bushnell was transported between 1 Oct 1834 and 30 Jan 1835 at Sydney, NSW. He was transported on the 503 ton vessel Bengal Merchant which departed London 1 Oct 1834 arriving Sydney 30 Jan 1835. The ship carried 267 male prisoners. Richard was described as being 19 years of age, 5 ft 71/4 inches tall, of a ruddy and much freckled complexion, had dark brown hair and grey eyes. He was transported for life for house-breaking, having been sentenced in the Gloucester Lent Azzizes on 29 March 1834. His native place was Gloucestershire where he had been an engineer's apprentice for 2 1/2 years. He could read and write, was unmarried and a Protestant. The Glouster Gaol Registers has his address as St Paul's, Bristol, and his occupation as Millwright.504,505,506 He appeared on the census of 1837 at Bathurst, NSW, and the records show he was living at Bathurst, NSW, and that his master (employer) was a J.B.Montefiore.507 The 1837 Census showed that Richard Bushell was working for J.B.Montefiore, who, at that time, was a well known financier and land-owner in NSW. In 1838 Montefiore owned 12,502 acres of land in NSW, including Nanima station, near Wellington, NSW, which is some distance west of Bathurst. In 1841 Montefiore's firm went bankrupt and he returned to London. There is no indication of what happened to his convict labourers. However, as Richard Bushell's conditional pardon was granted in Moreton Bay in 1843, it is reasonable to assume he went, or was sent, there. There is a mention of Richard Bushell in the Queale Collections, a collection of information on convicts imprisoned in the Moreton Bay Penal Settlement; the date of mention is 12 May 1843. He is also mentioned on 13 May 1843 in the NSW Colonial Secretary's letters relating to Moreton Bay, both references were related to his pardon.508,509,510,511

Richard Bushell and a John Petchey (both convicts) apprehended a bushranger by the name of James McKinnon at Moreton Bay. As a result both were recommended for conditional pardons (a "conditional" pardon meant he had to remain in Australia). The pardons were recommended by a Mr John Wickam who had only just been appointed Police Magistrate of Moreton Bay. John Wickham had been a commander on the HMS Beagle employed in surveying the coast of Australia. (As an aside, Cmdr John Wickham had also been second in charge of the Beagle when it carried Charles Darwin, the renowned Naturalist.) The notice of Richard Bushell's pardon also appeared in the NSW Government Gazette once on 12 June 1844 saying it had been granted, and again later the same year stating the pardon could be collected on payment of the fees due thereon to the Public. Richard's name also appears in another reference Queale Collection but this reference came from the Colonial Secretary's Correspondence and not from the Convict Register, which possibly means that he was not sent to Moreton Bay as a punishment but arrived due to other means. The problem with this is that convicts as a rule were not allowed to roam the countryside at will. So, how did Richard Bushell get to Moreton Bay? Was he sent due to the commital of a crime while in NSW, or did he travel overland with one of the early settlers, who drove sheep from NSW to the Moreton Bay area?512,513,514
In trying to determine how Richard Bushell arrived at Morton Bay the following has been ascertained:
As has been mentioned Richard was working for J.B. Montefiore at Bathurst, NSW, in 1838, but Montefiore went bankrupt in the early 1840's. Richard does not appear on the Moreton Bay convict register so it can be assumed he arrived there via some other means other than being a miscreant. (However, he is mentioned in correspondence to the Colonial Secretary related to his apprehension of a bushranger, as a "Prisoner".)

One of Richard Bushnell's sons, Joseph James, at the age of 91+, recalled that his father had been a "shipmate" of a William Humphreys (or Humphries), although there is no indication of what the term "shipmate" meant. William Humphreys had travelled overland to Moreton Bay with Clement and Paul Lawless in 1842 and settled at Mount Martin ("Mundoolun") in the Beaudesert District. Living in the same area was William Barker of "Tamrookum", which he had taken up in 1842. William Barker's was the property where Jane Clarke, Richard Bushnell's future wife, was sent after her arrival in Moreton Bay in 1848/9.William Humphreys and Henry Herbert were the original owners of the station "Wetheron" in the Northern Burnett River area, near Gayndah, (MBC 8 Jul 1850) and William Humphreys became the sole owner in Jul 1851 (MBC 26 Jul 1851). "Wetheron" was shown as being of 24,000 acres with an estimated grazing capacity of 640 cattle. William Humphrey was appointed a magistrate at Gayndah in about May 1852 (MBC 3 May 1852), and he and a James H. Reid, departed the Burnett River area for Europe in Nov 1853 (MBC 26 Mar 1853).

Another reference says that William Humphreys could have been at "Wetheron" as early as 1847, and that Edith Bushnell, Richard's daughter, was the first white child born in the Gayndah District. That reference also said that Richard was the Sheep Overseer (Hist Maryborough). However, that conflicts with another reference that said that In 1848 the station "Ban Ban", owned by Humphreys and Herbert was the furthest station out along the Burnett River (Bloxsome).

According to a note left by Jospeh James Bushnell (Richard's fourth child), when William Humphreys returned to England in 1853 (see above) and Richard Bushnell was left to negotiate the sale of "Wetheron" to the Sydney firm of J. Montifiore. Interestingly in a letter in the Maryborough Chronicle in 1930, Richard's eldest son, also Richard, maintained that the Lawless Bros had known his father while he had been working for a Mr Cartin Collins, on the Logan, and that Mr Humphreys had arranged for his father to accompany him to Wetheron in about 1846 or 1847. If it was also true that Richard was at Wetheron in 1853, then it means that Richard and Jane and the first three children must have left Wetheron, gone to Sydney, and returned to Wetheron.

Jospeh James was baptised in 1854 at "Canal Creek" which was a station on the Darling Downs, and their next child, Maria, was baptised at Warwick in 1855. In August 1849 the "Canal Creek" run was divided and the lower portion, which became known as "Hamilton" run, surrendered to William Barker. If that William Barker was the same person who had owned "Tamrookum" then it could also give a connection to Richard and Jane. Interestingly J.J. Bushnell was baptised by Benjamin Glennie who, because he detested riding horses, did most of his pastoral work by walking around the district. By examining the 1854 baptism records one can see that Glennie was probably at "Canal Creek" during one of his periodical rounds. If that is true it could mean that Richard was working at "Canal Creek" in 1854 and at Warwick in 1855, so it is possible that the family moved to the Canal Creek area after the sale of Wetheron.

Richards next two children, both called William, were registered in Gayndah, and are shown as having been born at "Wetheron" in 1857/8 so the family had obviously moved back there from Warwick. The first William died in 1858 at the age of 11 months and was buried at Wetheron.

Richard Bushnell worked for the Lawless brothers at "Booubyjan" or "Boonbagan", which was taken up by Clement Lawless in 1850 (MBC 8 Jul 1850). Clement and Paul Lawless took up the station "Nindooinbah" (also in the Beaudesert Region), in 1842 and stocked it with cattle that they overlanded from the Liverpool Ranges. They sold "Nindooinbah" to A.W. Compigne in 1847, who brought sheep in from Bathurst.

Perhaps It is fair to speculate that Richard Bushell had travelled overland with the Lawless brothers and William Humphreys, or some other early settler, and changed his name, or took his original name, prior to marrying Jane Clarke.

Unfortunately, no record of Richard Bushell (or Bushnell) nor of Isaac Bushell (or Bushnell) and Edith Martin (Richard's parents) have been found in the Gloucestershire, England, census records.
515,516,517,518,519,520,521

On 22 Jun 1850 Richard Bushell's name appeared in the Sydney Morning Herald regarding persons that had not collected their pardons from the Office of the Principal Superintendent of Convicts. The list of names was preceded by the following heading:
The "Absolute," "Expletive Absolute," or "Conditional Pardons," granted to the undermentioned Individuals, being still in my office unapplied for; it is hereby notified that the parties in whose favour these pardons have been prepared, are required by the Government within three months from this date to make application for the same, either at my office, or to the Clerk of Petty Sessions of their respective Districts, and failing in so doing, they will become liable to all the consequences that may arise from their not possessing those instruments (signed by J. McLean). In light of the fact that Richard Bushnell, Jane Clarke and the first three children were in Sydney in 1852, did they travel there to collect Richard's pardon? It is unclear if the pardon was ever collected.
522

Richard Bushnell was an Engineer in Aug 1852 at Glebe, Sydney, NSW, Australia. He was an Overseer in Feb 1854 at Canal Creek, Qld, Australia.523 He was a Labourer in Sep 1855 at Warwick, Qld, Australia.524

In about 1859 the family moved from Wetheron to Booubyjan which was about 45 miles south of Wetheron. Booubyjan was owned by the Lawlesses (and still is). An extract from a folder written by Jospeh James Bushnell in the 1940's reads: "Our mode of transport from Wetheron to Booubyjan was by bullock teams and it took five days to do the journey of 45 miles. We were continually getting bogged. Stuck against big logs and trees. We arrived at 9 o'clock on the fifth day."525 He and the family moved to 23 Fort St., Maryborough.526

In 1870 Richard was living in Maryborough, Qld, and according to one of his children's birth certificates he was an Engineer.527 In 1880, on his daughter Edith's marriage certificate, he was listed as a "Gentleman", and his death certificate in 1881, said that he was an Overseer.528


The 14 known children of Richard5 Bushnell and Jane Clarke (see #23) were as follows:

23. Jane5 CLARKE (James, #46) was born in Jul 1830 at London, England.603

Jane Clarke married Richard Bushnell (see #22), son of Isaac Bushnell and Edith Martin, on 8 Jan 1849 at St Johns Church, Brisbane, Stanley, Qld, Australia. They were married by licence with the consent of all parties concerned by Benjamin Glennie. He was a bachelor and she a spinster, both from the Logan River area. The witnesses were James Beechy of North Brisbane and Juliana Foley of Brisbane who signed with her mark.604,605

Jane Clarke died on 21 Feb 1902 at Hunter St, Bundaberg, Qld, at age 71. She died of senility, serious apolexy (stroke) and syncope (mild form of heatstroke), the medical attendant being Guy F. Luther who last saw Jane on 21 Feb 1902. Her death certificate says she was aged 71 years and 7 months, came from London and had been in Queensland for 55 years which tallies with her arrival in Moreton Bay. Her marriage age of 18 also tallies with here marriage certificate. She was succeeded by 10 children with 3 being deceased. The living children were shown as: Elizabeth (52), Richard (50), Joseph (48), William (44), Mary Jane (42), Isaac (41), George (39), Martin (36), Ellen (33) and Arthur (31). 1 male and 2 females predeceased Jane.606 She was buried on 22 Feb 1902 at Maryborough Cemetery, Maryborough, Qld. The burial service was conducted by R.R. Eva of the Church of England. The witnesses were her sons Martin and Isaac Bushnell. The burial was certified by W. Kirk and the death and burial were registered by C.H. Short on 27 Feb 1902 in Bundaberg.607

There is some confusion regarding Jane Clarke. This is caused partly because of the confusion with Richard Bushnell. There were several Jane Clarks, or Jane Clarkes, that could have been the correct one. Some were born in NSW around 1830 and some arrived by ship around the mid 1840's. However, only two meet the critereon of having been born in 1830, the year shown as Jane's birth as taken from her death certificate. Also, her death certificate says that she was married at age 18 and had been in Qld for 55 years, both pointing to a year around 1847-1848.

In Alan Bushnell's first book of his family he had a Jane Clarke who had been born in Sydney in 1830. However, he changed his mind, I assume when he got her death certificate, which has her birth as London, England. He stated that the only one that fitted the overseas birth was a Jane that came from Ireland. There does not appear to be any confusion of a marriage of a Jane Clark and Richard Bushnell in Brisbane in Jan 1849 as their marriage record is in the NSW and Qld BDM system. However, the first three children were baptised in Sydney in Aug. 1852 and the fourth child in Qld in 1854. Edith, the first child was born in December 1849, the second in December 1850 and the third in March 1852. On the children's baptism record they were shown as living at Glebe, Sydney, but, as the children were born in Qld it means the family must have travelled to Sydney sometime between Jan 1849 and Aug. 1852, then back to Qld before 1854. The fact that all three children were baptised on the same day could indicate that the family were living somewhere that did not have easy access to a religious minister.

The immigartion record of Jane Clarke for the Earl Gray states that Jane was sent to Moreton Bay; that would have been in the late part of 1848. She was sent there due to a supposed problem with some girls on the ship during the voyage. In his book, McClaughlin (1998) on page 115 states "No marriage has been identified in Queensland for Susan McKeon and Jane Clarke, the two women among the first arrivals on the Earl Gray who it was alleged, had been married in Ireland". Also in McClaughlin's book (2001) on page 144 he says there is some doubt about Jane's marriage to Richard Bushnell. So, if McClaughlin is correct, who is the Jane Clark who married Richard Bushnell. That Jane Clarke has everything in her history that matches all the facts shown on the immigration record and on various birth and death certificates. She was born in 1830, and came to NSW in 1848. Also, according to the immigration record, the Jane who arrived on the Earl Grey could not write, and the Jane, who married Richard Bushnell, could not write either.
608 She immigrated on 6 Oct 1848 to Sydney, NSW. The vessel she travelled on was the 571 ton Earl Grey which departed from Plymouth, England on 3 June 1848, arriving Sydney 6 Oct 1848, a journey of 125 days. Jane was 18 years old, and came from Belfast, Co Antrim, Ireland. She was of the Church of England, could read and was in good health. Both her parents were listed as dead; her father's name was shown on the immigration list as James, and her mother's Jane. The ship's master was Capt. A.S.Mollinson. Jane came out under the patronage of the Orphan Immigration Committee.

Apparently there were so many problems with a group of females on the Earl Grey during the voyage, that a special meeting was convened in Sydney on 6 Dec 1848 of the Orphan Immigration Committee. A group of about 56 girls obtained the approbrious title of the "Belfast Girls" from the remainder of the immigrants. The committee report stated that some of these girls had not been true orphans but had merely been passed through the Orphan Workhouses for the purpose of qualifying them for free passage to the Colony. Of the so called orphans two at least had been already married and had run away from their husbands and a third had either married in Ireland or had lived with a man without marriage. Several had come out under assumed names. During the voyage there has been a considerable amount of pilfering and bad language, and some girls didn't wear their bonnets (sic).

It was considered by the Committee that landing these girls in Sydney would lead to their final ruin, so, to separate them from the remainder of the orphans, they recommended that they should be at once forwarded into the Country. Forty seven of them who were named by Dr Douglas, the Surgeon Superintendent of the Earl Grey, were accordingly despatched by the Agent for Immigration to the interior, under the charge of persons connected with the Immigration Department, who were instructed to consign them to the care of the local Police Magistrate of the Districts to which they were forwarded, and to explain the circumstances under which they were sent. Apparently, all except one, received good appointments (the one is not named). The girls who were not part of the above group were received into the Institution in Hyde Park Barracks.

In the minutes of evidence taken by the Committee none of the girls names were given, they were only refered to by their initials. However, evidence given by Dr Douglas, to a question by a Rev. Dr. George, said that one girl, named in the report as J____C___, stated that she and her husband could not agree; he went his way and she went hers, and that she went into the work-house to qualify herself for a passage to Sydney. There were only two girls on the vessel with the initials J.C., the other was a 16 year old who came from Armagh. Also, a note on the immigration list says that Jane Clarke was sent to Moreton Bay. It would seem therefore, that Jane may have been married before she left Ireland.

However, in another of Trevor McClaughlin's books (1991), he disected the Earl Grey investigation and came to the conclusion that Jane Clarke had not been married and she had been an orphan of good character. One of the depositions to the inquiry to a British parliamentary inquiry, by a Robert Howe, a bleacher and printer of linens in Belfast, had employed Jane when she was about 16 years old until about 1846-7. She had gone to work for him with a letter of recommendation from a Clergyman in the County Tyrone. After she left his employment, due to lack of work, she apparently went to Glasgow, and after about 8-10 months returned to Belfast. Robert Howe had no employment for her he gave her a letter to one of the wardens to get her into the Poor House. Robert Howe was under the opinion that Jane was an orphan and was unmarried, and was of good character.

It appears that the incident occurred at a time in Australia's history when there was an ongoing conflict between the emigres and immigrants and quite a bit of open antagonism towards the Irish immigrants in particluar. It also seemed that Dr Douglas, the Surgeon Superintendent of the Earl Grey,, was not overly fond of the Irish and he may have been a bigot.
609,610,611,612

On her arrival at Moreton Bay Jane was sent to work for a Wm Barker of the Logan River District.613




24. John5 PURNELL (Job, #48) was born in 1810 at Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England.614

John Purnell married Elizabeth Clarke (see #25) from the William's District, at Dungog, Gloucester, NSW, Australia, on 27 May 1839. The marriage was solemnized upon the Estate of the Australian Agricultural Company. They were married in the church by Banns with consent of the Government by William A Cowper, Chaplain. The witnesses were Henry Lambourne and Sarah Knight of Dungog.615

John Purnell died on 25 Oct 1889 at 106 Albion St, Sydney, NSW, from bronchitis which he had suffered from for 4 weeks. He had been treated by Dr. Cheeseman, who last saw him on 17 Oct. His son, Samuel, a tobacco worker, of the same address, was the informant. His birth place was listed as England and he had been in NSW for 59 years. He was succeeded by his wife, Elizabeth, and 9 living children; 4 children being deceased. His death certificate showed that he had been a shoemaker.616 He was buried on 27 Oct 1889 at Rookwood Cemetery, Sydney, NSW. The burial service was conducted by Rev E.B. Proctor, the undertaker was W.J. Dixon, and the witnesses were Patrick Byrnes and James Olds. He is buried in the Church of England section: Number: 106912, Plot: 819, Section: GG, Row: 10, with his wife Elizabeth.617



In 1829 John Purnall and Thomas Ayres were convicted of stealing. They are mentioned in the Calendar of the Prisoners in the County Gaol of Fisherton Anger, Devizes Prisons and Marlborough Bridwell. They were tried in the Wiltshire Devizes sessions on 12 January 1830. John Purnall and Thomas Ayres were both 20 years old. They were committed by W.E. Waldron, Esq., charged on the oath of John Gerrish, with having feloniously stolen 14 leather shoes and one patten, the property of said John Gerrish, at Trowbridge. The warrant was dated 23 Nov 1829. John was sentenced to be transported for 7 years and was to be held in the county gaol until leaving England. He apparently had 2 previous convictions.

He was transported to Sydney on the convict ship Lady Feversham, which departed from Plymouth on Thursday 8 April 1830. The vessel's master was S. Ellerby, and the Surgeon Superintendent was A.D. Wilson. John was 20 years of age, was a Weaver, Brickmaker and Shoemaker by calling and could read. His native place was Wiltshire. He was described as being 5' 5 1/2' tall , had a ruddy fair complexion, fair hair and blue eyes, and had a small horizontal scar over his left eye.

John appears on the ship's surgeon's journals with an entry made about a week prior to leaving Portsmouth. He had hurt his foot while working on the docks. The guard on the vessel consisted of 2 sergeants, 2 corporals and 25 privates of the 17th Regiment under the command of Lieutenant Harvey, of the 29th. They sailed directly from England, arriving at Sydney Cove Thursday 29 July 1830, a journey of 112 days. John was sent to work for the Australian Agricultural Company at Dungog in the County of Gloucester, NSW.
618

On 29 Nov 1834 he was granted a Ticket of Leave and was allowed to remain in the local district on a recommendation of the Port Stephens Bench dated 3 July 1834.619 He is mentioned in the OANSW Colonial Secretary's Correspondence 1832-1837 as being a Constable at Dungog.620

On 26 Mar 1839 John Purnall and Elizabeth Clarke made an application to the Port Stephens bench to marry, which was granted on 29 April 1839. John was 29 years old and a bachelor, and a freeman. He was a Constable at Dungog and was spoken well of by the local police magistrate. Elizabeth was 22, a spinster, and under bond. She was a house-servant of Mrs Lowe of the Hunter's River District. She was recommended by her mistress as being sober and honest. The request was granted by Rev William Cowper, Chaplain, Port Stephens District.621,622 He received a Certificate of Freedom on 13 May 1839.623

In about 1840 John may have purchased land at Dungog. There is an entry in the Register (1820-1856) that a John Parnell purchased land at Dungog. The land was Lot No.12, Section No.3, and had an area of 2 Roods (1/2 acre).624

After 1840, he was also known as John Parnell. John's surname is recorded in several different forms throughout his life, something that carried through to his children. He, and the children, are known variously as Parnell, Purnell, Purnall, Prunell and Prunel. However, there seems little doubt it is the same person as he is always shown as a "shoemaker" on all the children's baptism certificates; he was convicted and transported, for stealing shoes and a patten. (He must have had a penchant for shoes.). He appears on the 1841 NSW Census as living at Dungog. He was living in a single wooden dwelling with one male adult, one female adult and one female child. The female adult was bonded, probably his wife, and the adult male was free. Three people were of the Church of England faith and one of the Church of Scotland. (This appears to be the first instance of him using the name "Parnell" as opposed to Purnell, although the name Purnell appears later on the children's baptism certificates.).625

A John Purnell was enrolled on the electoral roll as a resident in 1875 at Dungog, NSW. It is unsure if this is our person but he does not appear on the electoral roll in 1878 indicating that he must have moved.626 He was enrolled on the electoral roll between 1878 and 1879 at 100 Albion St, East Sydney, NSW, as John Parnell. He was shown as the "householder" and had his sons James, Joseph and Samuel living with him. He probably had his wife with him but women were not on the electoral rolls in the 1800's. This appears to be the first definite mention of his name being Parnell.627


The 13 known children of John5 Purnell and Elizabeth Clarke (see #25) were as follows:

25. Elizabeth5 CLARKE was born in 1817 at London (possibly), England.702

Elizabeth Clarke married John Purnell (see #24) from the William's District, at Dungog, Gloucester, NSW, Australia, on 27 May 1839. The marriage was solemnized upon the Estate of the Australian Agricultural Company. They were married in the church by Banns with consent of the Government by William A Cowper, Chaplain. The witnesses were Henry Lambourne and Sarah Knight of Dungog.703

Elizabeth Clarke died on 27 May 1891 at 106 Albion St, Sydney, NSW, Australia,. She died from general debility which she had for 15 months. She was treated by Dr. Houison who last saw her on 14 May. Her death certificate gives her birth place as London with no known parents. The informer was Samuel Parnell, her son, a Tobacco Maker, of the same address as Elizabeth. She was survived by nine living children: Eliza Brooker (51), Mary Stanton (49), Harriet Muddle (46), Phoebe Jennings (44), Benjamin (43), Amelia (40), Samuel (39), Elizabeth Harradine (37), and James (35). Three males and one female had pre-deceased her.704 She was buried on 28 May 1891 at Rookwood Cemetery, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Elizabeth is buried with her husband John in the Church of England section. Grave Number: 10691, Section: GG, Row: 10, Plot: 819. She burial service was conducted by Rev H. Dunlop and the undertaker was W.J. Dixon. The witnesses were William Farrel and James Olds.705

Her married name was Parnell.

Elizabeth was transported on the ship Henry Wellesley, departing London on 20 July 1837 arriving Sydney Cove on 22 Dec 1839. She had been arrested for stealing some spoons from her employer, considered a breach of trust, for which she was sentenced in the Central Criminal Court (Old Bailey) on 6 May 1837 to 7 years servitude . She had no previous convictions. Elizabeth was 4' 7 3/4" tall, had a ruddy and freckled complexion, light brown hair, hazel eyes, and thick lips. She was sent to work for Mrs Lowe in the Hunter River (Newcastle) District.706

On 26 Mar 1839 John Purnall and Elizabeth Clarke made an application to the Port Stephens bench to marry, which was granted on 29 April 1839. John was 29 years old and a bachelor, and a freeman. He was a Constable at Dungog and was spoken well of by the local police magistrate. Elizabeth was 22, a spinster, and under bond. She was a house-servant of Mrs Lowe of the Hunter's River District. She was recommended by her mistress as being sober and honest. The request was granted by Rev William Cowper, Chaplain, Port Stephens District.707,708

Elizabeth Clarke was granted a ticket of leave (pardon) on 19 April 1842 and had to remain in the district of Port Stephens, NSW.709




26. John5 HOY (John, #52) was born in 1819 at Elmdon, Essex, England.710 He married Sarah Hagger (see #27), daughter of John Hagger, on 24 Dec 1841 at Elmdon, Essex, Parish of Saffron Walden, England. They were married in the Parish Church according to the rites and ceremonies of the Church of England by the vicar, R.H. King. John was a bachelor, and a labourer, and Sarah a spinster. The witnesses were James Clement and Rebekah Harle. All parties except the vicar signed with their mark.711 He died on 23 May 1890 at Orandumbie Road, Walcha, NSW,. He was killed in the evening while driving his home from Walcha in his spring cart. It appears that the cart came into contact with a stump and capsized. He was being accompanied by his grandson, WIllie Parnell (William Edward Hoy). They had left Walcha late in the evening when John was under the influence of drink. The cart capsized throwing both occupants from it. The boy was unharmed but John was dead, the rail of the cart having fallen on his neck or the side of his head. A passerby saw the capsized cart and, after obtaining assistance, lifted it. but found the old man dead. An inquest was held the day after the accident.712,713 He was buried after 23 May 1890 at General Cemetery, Walcha, NSW, Australia.714
John Hoy was head of household on the census of 30 Mar 1851 at Elmdon, Saffron Waldon (Parish), Essex, England,. He was shown as being 31 years of age. Also enumerated were Sarah Hagger, Arthur Hoy, and Alfred Hoy.715 He and Sarah Hagger immigrated on 29 Jul 1854 to Sydney, NSW, Australia. The family arrived on the ship Plantagenet. The record shows that the family came from Ellandron, Essex, and consisted of John (35), his wife Sarah (33) and children Arthur (6) and Albert (5). Of the four only Sarah could read and write. They were of the Church of England religion.716 He lived in 1875 at Orundumby, Walcha, Vernon, NSW. Also shown at the same address were Alfred, Arthur and James Hoy.717

The nine known children of John5 Hoy and Sarah Hagger (see #27) were as follows:

27. Sarah5 HAGGER (John, #54) was born in 1822 at Elmdon, Essex, England.740 She married John Hoy (see #26), son of John Hoy and Rachael Bridges, on 24 Dec 1841 at Elmdon, Essex, Parish of Saffron Walden, England. They were married in the Parish Church according to the rites and ceremonies of the Church of England by the vicar, R.H. King. John was a bachelor, and a labourer, and Sarah a spinster. The witnesses were James Clement and Rebekah Harle. All parties except the vicar signed with their mark.741 She died on 5 Feb 1902 at Walcha, NSW, Australia.742,743 She was buried after 5 Feb 1902 at General Cemetery, Walcha, NSW, Australia.744
She was also known as Sarah Haygar. She was enumerated with John Hoy on the census of 30 Mar 1851 at Elmdon, Essex, England, as Sarah Hoy. She was aged 28.745 She and John Hoy immigrated on 29 Jul 1854 to Sydney, NSW, Australia. The family arrived on the ship Plantagenet. The record shows that the family came from Ellandron, Essex, and consisted of John (35), his wife Sarah (33) and children Arthur (6) and Albert (5). Of the four only Sarah could read and write. They were of the Church of England religion.746



28. John5 LOGAN is still living.

Known children of John5 Logan include these three:

30. John5 HENRY was born in 1814 at Ireland, date taken from the 1881 census.754 He married Isabella (--?--) (see #31).755 He died circa Dec 1887 at Houghton, Durham, England.756
John Henry was head of household on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Eppleton Row, Hetton-Le-Hole, Durham, England, as John Henry. He was shown as a Labourer but unable to work. Also at the same address was his wife, Isabella, and their son George, a Coal Miner, age 21. All were shown as having been born in Ireland. Also enumerated were Isabella (--?--) and George Henry.757

The four known children of John5 Henry and Isabella (--?--) (see #31) were as follows:

31. Isabella5 (--?--)776 was born in 1826 at Ireland, birth date deduced from the 1881 census.777 She married John Henry (see #30).778
She was enumerated with John Henry on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Eppleton Row, Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England.779



Generation Six



32. William6 JOHNSTON780,781 was born circa 1790 at Scotland. He married Effie MacRae (see #33), daughter of William MacRae, on 15 Jan 1808 at Osedale, Bracadale, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland. The marriage record reads William Johnstone Shepherd at Housdle (Osedale) to Effy McRae dau of the Late William McRae at Tallis".782 He married Effie McQueen, daughter of Kenneth McQueen and Mary MacLean, on 14 Aug 1837 at Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland.783,784 He died circa 1851 at Scotland.
He was a Shepherd in 1808 at Osedale, Sleat, Inverness, Scotland. William Johnston was head of household on the census of 6 Jun 1841 at Kinloch, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland,. He was aged 50 and an Ag Labourer. Also enumerated were John Johnston, Roderick Johnston, Catherine Johnston, David Johnston, and Neil McDonald Johnston.785

The eight known children of William6 Johnston and Effie MacRae (see #33) were as follows:

33. Effie6 MACRAE (William, #66)849 married William Johnston (see #32) on 15 Jan 1808 at Osedale, Bracadale, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland. The marriage record reads William Johnstone Shepherd at Housdle (Osedale) to Effy McRae dau of the Late William McRae at Tallis".850 She died before 1837.



34. Donald6 MCCLURE (Alexander, #68)851 was born circa 1790 at Strath, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland.852 He married Christy Stewart (see #35) on 5 Apr 1814 at Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland. He was from Kinloch and she from Autlaluath?853 He died on 20 May 1866 at Duisdlebeg, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland,. He died of Pneumonia which he had for 3 months. His age was shown as 77 and he was living at Duisdlebeg, Sleat. The informant was his son-in-law, Alexander Robertson of Camiscross, Sleat.854
He was a Lay Preacher (Catechist). Donald McClure was head of household on the census of 30 Mar 1851 at 4 Duisdlebeg, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland,. He was a Catechist aged 62. Also enumerated were Christy Stewart, John McClure, James McClure, and Chirsty McClure.855 Donald McClure was head of household on the census of 7 Apr 1861 at 5 Duisdlebeg, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland, as Donald MacLure. He was a Catechist aged 72 and born Strath. Also enumerated were Christy Stewart, James McClure, and Chirsty McClure.856

The eight known children of Donald6 McClure and Christy Stewart (see #35) were as follows:

35. Christy6 STEWART was born circa 1791 at Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland. She married Donald McClure (see #34), son of Alexander McClure and Margaret Buchanan, on 5 Apr 1814 at Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland. He was from Kinloch and she from Autlaluath?876 She died after Apr 1871 at Scotland.
She was enumerated with Donald McClure, John McClure, James McClure, and Chirsty McClure on the census of 30 Mar 1851 at 4 Duisdlebeg, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland, as Christy McLure. She was aged 60.877 She was enumerated with Donald McClure, James McClure, and Chirsty McClure on the census of 7 Apr 1861 at 5 Duisdlebeg, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland, as Christy MacLure. She was aged 70 born Sleat.878 Christy Stewart was head of household on the census of 2 Apr 1871 at 3 Duisdalebeg, Sleat, Inverness, Isle of Skye, Scotland, as Christy McLure. She was a widow aged 78 and a Crofter. Also enumerated were Chirsty McClure.879



38. Edward6 RIDLEY880 married Jane Taylor (see #39).
He was a Baker.

The two known children of Edward6 Ridley and Jane Taylor (see #39) were as follows:

39. Jane6 TAYLOR882 married Edward Ridley (see #38).



40. William Justin6 MACCARTHY (Colonel) (John, #80) was born on 24 Jul 1797 at Parish St Mary, Whitechapel, London, England.883 He was christened on 28 Aug 1797 at Sion Chapel-Union St. (Lady Huntingtons)-NC, Mile End Old Town, London, England, he was christened by Thomas Bennet, Minister.884

William Justin MacCarthy (Colonel) married Sophie Van Duyn (see #41), daughter of Daniel Joannes Van Duyn and Marie Francoise Van Acker, on 10 Jun 1822 at Parish of All Hallows, Barking, London, England, they were married by banns by Henry White, Curate.885,886

He died on 24 Jun 1874 at Coohoor, India, at age 76, he died of Debility.887,888 He was buried at All Saints Church, Coohoor, India.889



He began military service on 15 Jun 1815 joining the 40th Regiment of Foot as an Ensign with purchase. On 24 March 1816 he was placed on half-pay due to a reduction in the size of the 2nd Battalion of the 40th Regiment.890,891

He was promoted on 29 Mar 1827 to a 2nd Lieutenant with purchase in the Ceylon Cape Rifles Regiment.892 He was transferred to Ceylon on 13 Aug 1828 for overseas duty. The cited army record only gives his service until 31 Dec 1829. However, he transferred to the 57th Regiment of Foot on 26 July 1831, moving from Ceylon to Madras, and was stationed at Fort St George (Madras). (He is listed in the records for the British Army in Australia, but this is only because the 57th was transferred from NSW, and Van Diemen's Land, to Madras in 1832, and he appears on the relevant pay-slips.).893,894

In 1845 William was a Captain in the 57th Regiment of Foot, having been promoted to Captain on 29 Mar 1844, and he exchanged his commission on 13 Aug 1845 with Captain William Frederick Harvey and joined the 84th Regiment of Foot (York and Lancaster) . On 27 Nov 1857 he was promoted to a Major in the 84th without purchase on the retirement of Major James Alexander West. (West retired on 11 Dec 1857 and William's promotion was antedated.) William's sold his Captain's commission to William McGeachy Keats.895,896 He was awarded the India Mutiny Medal between 1857 and 1858 at India while in the 84th Regiment. He commanded Havelock's Column in the approach to Lucknow.897

His full army career is given in Raikes' Roll as: Ensign 40th Foot 15 Jun 1815; To half pay 25 Feb 1816; 2nd Lieutenant Ceylon Rifle Regiment 29 Mar 1827; Lieutenant 57th Foot 30 Sep 1830; Captain 20 Mar 1844; Captain 84th Foot 13 Aug 1845; Brevet Major 23 Mar 1855; Major 84th Foot without purchase 11 Dec 1857 (Commission antedated to 27 Nov 1857); Retired on full pay with Brevet Rank of Lieutenant-Colonel 2 Jul 1858. (The term Brevet refers to a commission nominally promoting an officer to a higher honorary rank without higher pay but, sometimes, with greater authority).898 He lived in 1870 at Bedford, England.899


The 11 known children of William Justin6 MacCarthy (Colonel) and Sophie Van Duyn (see #41) were as follows:

41. Sophie6 VAN DUYN (Daniel, #82) was born on 31 Dec 1799 at Ghent, Belgium. She was born at half past one at the private house of her parents.941

Sophie Van Duyn married William Justin MacCarthy (Colonel) (see #40), son of John Edward Connor MacCarthy (Captain) and Sarah Ball, on 10 Jun 1822 at Parish of All Hallows, Barking, London, England, they were married by banns by Henry White, Curate.942,943 She died on 7 Jul 1879 at Bangalore, India, at age 79.944 She was buried at All Saints Church, Coohoor, India.945




42. Robert William Wright6 NORFOR (Robert, #84)946 was born on 5 Mar 1785 at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England.947 He was baptized on 29 Apr 1785 at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England.948 He married Mary Hose (see #43) circa 1815, details from their daughter's death certificate.949 He died in 1875.950

The three known children of Robert William Wright6 Norfor and Mary Hose (see #43) were as follows:

43. Mary6 HOSE is still living.



44. Isaac6 BUSHNELL (Richard, #88)954,955 was born circa 1778 at Baptist Mills, Bristol, Gloucstershire, England, (an unknown value).956,957 He was baptized on 1 Mar 1778 at Bitton, Gloucestershire, England.958 He was baptized on 9 Jul 1799 at St Philip & Jacob, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.959 He married Edith Martin (see #45) on 19 Sep 1798 at St Michaels, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.960,961 He died on 17 Jan 1853 at 2 Somers Row, St Pauls, Bristol, England.962,963 He was buried in Jan 1853 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.964
An Isaac Bushell was found on an 1851 census of the Avon (Bristol) area. His age was shown as 67 and he was living in the Parish of Walcot, actually a part of Somerset. He would have been born in 1784. No wife was found and, as yet, no burial has been found for her.965

The eight known children of Isaac6 Bushnell and Edith Martin (see #45) were as follows:

45. Edith6 MARTIN was born circa 1777 at Baptist Mills, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.1007 She was born on 18 Oct 1778 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England, (an unknown value).1008,1009 She married Isaac Bushnell (see #44), son of Richard Bushnell and Mary Milward, on 19 Sep 1798 at St Michaels, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.1010,1011 She died in 1870 at England. Probably incorrect.1012



46. James6 CLARKE1013 married Jane (--?--) (see #47) before 1830. He died before 1848.

The only known child of James6 Clarke and Jane (--?--) (see #47) was:

47. Jane6 (--?--)1014 married James Clarke (see #46) before 1830. She died before 1848.



48. Job6 PURNELL (Thomas, #96) was christened on 16 Jul 1769 at St James, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England.1015 He married Mary Minety (see #49) on 27 Apr 1795 at St James, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England.1016,1017 He married Elizabeth Hill on 27 Nov 1815 at St James, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England.1018 He married Lucy Smith on 22 May 1832 at St James, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England.1019

The five known children of Job6 Purnell and Mary Minety (see #49) were as follows:

49. Mary6 MINETY is still living.



52. John6 HOY (John, #104) was born in 1793 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1028 He married Rachael Bridges (see #53) in 1818 at Elmdon, Essex, England. He died in 1871 at England.
John Hoy was head of household on the census of 30 Mar 1851 at Elmdon, Essex, England,. He was 58 years old. Also enumerated were Rachael Bridges and James Hoy.1029

The five known children of John6 Hoy and Rachael Bridges (see #53) were as follows:

53. Rachael6 BRIDGES1035 was born in 1785 at Allington, Suffolk, England.1036 She married John Hoy (see #52), son of John Hoy and Mary Livermore, in 1818 at Elmdon, Essex, England.
She was enumerated with John Hoy on the census of 30 Mar 1851 at Elmdon, Essex, England, as Rachel Hoy. She was 66 years old, born at Allington, Sussex.1037



54. John6 HAGGER is still living.

Known children of John6 Hagger include:

Generation Seven



66. William7 MACRAE.

Known children of William7 MacRae include these two:

68. Alexander7 MCCLURE married Margaret Buchanan (see #69). He died before 1866.

The only known child of Alexander7 McClure and Margaret Buchanan (see #69) was:

69. Margaret7 BUCHANAN married Alexander McClure (see #68). She died before 1866.



80. John Edward Connor7 MACCARTHY (Captain) (Dennis, #160)1039 was born on 29 Jan 1768 at Coppice Row, Clerkenwell, England.1040 He married Sarah Ball (see #81) on 28 Nov 1789 at Saint Anne Soho, Westminster, London, England. They were married by banns by John Jefferson, Curate.1041,1042,1043 He died on 4 Jan 1851 at Iver, Buckinghamshire, England, at age 82. He died from organic disease of the bladder and obstructed bowels.1044,1045 Although records state that they were buried at Iver, none of the graves of JEC and Sarah, his wife, or Sarah, their daughter, have been found.1046
He was always known as Edward by the family and in all parish records, but his full name was shown on army records. He used to sign his name J.E.C. MacCarthy until 1828.1047 He began military service on 9 Jul 1803 at England as an Army Ensign without purchase in the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot, in return for an old debt. On 2 Apr 1805 he was promoted to a Lieutenant in the 30th Regiment. He transferred to the 50th (West Kent) Regiment of Foot on 19 Mar 1807 "by exchange without difference." Around he was involved in "Moore's Retreat" from Corunna, Spain.1048 On 6 Apr 1812 John Edward Connor lead an escalade on the walls of the castle at Badajoz, Spain, where he was severely wounded.1049,1050 He was promoted to a Captain on 4 Feb 1813 on 4 Feb 1813 "without purchase" while he was convalescing. He ended military service on 4 Feb 1813 at England. He retired on full pay from the 50th Regiment.1051 He was a retired Captain of the 50th Infantry between 4 Feb 1813 and 1851.1052 He was awarded the General Peninsular War Medal on 13 February 1849 with clasps for Corunna, Fuentes d'Oñoro and Badajoz (spelt Badajos by JEC and Army). He also received two awards of £70 and £100 as grants for his war wounds. He and Sarah Ball lived in 1843 at Cedar Cottage, Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire, England, they were given notice to quit this residence.1053 He and Sarah Ball lived between 1845 and 1850 at Swiss Cottage, Uxbridge Rd, Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire, England. John Edward Conner lived in Bruges, Belgium 1823-1828, and there is evidence in letters that he was in Lewes, Sussex in 1815, Dover, Kent in 1831, Hayes (Middlesex) in 1843 and Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire in 1849 and 1850.1054

Army regiments and campaigns in which he served were:
30th Regiment to Lieutenant
50th Regiment (West Kents) to Captain
He fought in Spanish Peninsular Wars and was awarded clasps for his part in the battles at Corunna, Fuentes d'Onoro and Badajoz (all in Spain). He was considered a hero, being wounded at Corunna and again at Badajoz, where he led the escalade to the wall before the castle was taken by the British. He was also awarded the General Service Medal.
He wrote his memoirs, a copy of which is in the rare books section of the British Library, but the book is apparently in a bad state (see below).

Books in which J.E.C. MacCarthy are mentioned are:
MacCarthy, Captain, Recollections of the Storming of the Castle of Badajoz and a Note on Corunna, etc
Patterson, Captain John, The Adventures of Captain John Patterson with Notices of the Officers of the 50th or Queen's Own Regiment from 1807 to 1821 - a number of anecdotes about JEC
Fyler, Colonel Arthur, History of the 50th or (The Queen's Own) Regiment - a number of references to JEC
Fletcher, Ian, "In Hell Before Daylight: The Siege and Storming of the Fortress of Badajoz, 1812", pps:28,33,36,53,67-68,72-73 (Calls JEC "James")
Harvard, Robert, "Wellington's Welsh General - A Life of Sir Thomas Picton" pp:182-184,186-187
United Services Journal (14 Jun 1833) and United Services Gazette (Sep 1837) - Letters by J.E.C. MacCarthy about Thomas Picton.
1055

Summary of the army career of John Edward Connor MacCarthy:

He joined the army as an Ensign without purchase on 9 July 1803 in the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot, in return for an old debt.

In 1803 he served in Ireland during the latter part of the abortive Irish Rebellion, which was led by Robert Emmet. He was promoted to Lieutenant while in the 30th Regiment - the Army Lists says on 14 March 1805 but JEC says on 2 April 1805. The latter date is quoted in his own papers, which is the date also quoted by Biographical Dictionary of Officers wounded in the Peninsular Wars, allegedly quoting JEC's Record of Services, which, as yet, no copy has been found in the Public Records Office (PRO), though a copy of his service in his own hand writing exists among family papers.

On 19 March 1807 he transferred "by exchange without difference" to the 50th (West Kent) Regiment of Foot .

Although there is no first hand evidence, but, from where the regiment was, he might have seen service in Denmark. The 1st Battalion embarked at the Cove of Cork for Ramsgate on 5 June 1807, and went onto Deal where the 2nd Battalion joined it. It re-embarked on 25 July 1807, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Walker, and sailed with the expedition for Copenhagen. (The Danish Expedition was ordered under the assumption that Napoleon, who had by then become master of Europe, would mount a campaign to subjugate England. The British Government decided to secure possession of the Danish Fleet until the conclusion of the war.)

According to the History of the 50th Regiment by Fyler (1910) , the 1st Battalion of the 50th Regiment, of approximately 1000 men, embarked under sealed orders at Portsmouth on 17 Dec 1807. After encountering a severe storm in the Bay of Biscay they eventually arrived at Gibraltar. The 50th embarked and sailed for Cadiz on 13 May 1808. They were present with the blockading fleet outside the harbour when the Spaniards opened fire on the French Fleet within, compelling the French to surrender. The battalion returned to Port St Mary (Isle of Man?) and, after a week, re-embarked on 22 July and sailed for Portugal, landing at Figueras, at the mouth of the Modego River. The regiment advanced to Vimiero (there is no evidence that JEC fought in that battle, although the 50th did).

After the negotiations of the convention of Cintra the 50th Regiment proceeded to Monte Santo, about four miles from Lisbon, arriving on 28th September. The regiment joined up with other regiments who had left with General Moore. The combined forces advanced, or, more correctly, retreated, towards Corunna. JEC says in his papers that he marched in "Moore's Retreat". The march was over the mountains in snow and harsh weather all the way from Lisbon. Accounts relate the terrible hardships endured and Captain Patterson in his book relates how Lieutenant MacCarthy, a worthy old (at 41) officer, known as "Old Mac", collapsed in the snow and, when his colleagues realized he was no longer with them, went back, found and revived him with rum. The discipline of the army suffered during the retreat, soldiers, barefooted and harassed, were dropping to the rear in their hundreds. The 50th formed part of the army that offered battle to the enemy for two days at Lugo. On the night of the 8th, the retreat was continued amid a terrible storm of wind and rain mixed with sleet during which all the columns lost their way. On that night, the 50th Regiment under Lieutenant McCarthy furnished one of the outlying piquets posted to cover the retreat of the army. When the retreating army had marched some distance, the straw huts caught fire; and Lieutenant McCarthy so regulated the fire as to give the appearance of camp fires, and thus to prevent the enemy suspecting the retreat (Fyler 1895). In his own book , JEC relates his own exploits in the Battle of Corunna (La Coruña in Spanish). He was severely wounded in the thigh and one of the clasps to his General War Medal he was eventually awarded was in respect of Corunna. In his book JEC vigorously defended the name and actions of General Moore, who died at Corunna but was severely criticised by many for his "Retreat".

JEC and the Regiment returned to England after Corunna with the retreating, but victorious, British troops, arriving in England on 23 January 1809.

Five and a half months later, July 1809, he left with the Regiment on the disastrous expedition to Walcheren, where most of the British troops became ill from malaria, dysentery and typhoid. Eventually the 50th, being the last Regiment to leave, handed over control of Walcheren to the Dutch in December 1809.

The First Battalion of the 50th Regiment embarked for Portugal in September 1810. JEC's paper's show that he was in the operations at Alementejo; was present at Torres Vedras, took part in the skirmishes at Campo Mayor and the Battle of Fuentes d'Oñoro (where he obtained his second "clasp") and at the skirmish at the Arrojo dos Molinos. (There is a mention in Fyler 1895, that there is a paper by Lieutenant McCarthy, 50th Regiment, in the War Office Records. However, that paper has not been found .)

On his own request JEC left his regiment at Merida, on secondment to the 3rd Division under General Picton, to be a leading engineer at the siege of Badajoz. JEC's exploits are recounted in his own book and are repeated in several books about the battle. JEC volunteered to lead a "forlorn hope" (a group selected for an exercise of uncommon danger). On 6 April 1812 JEC conducted the party of General Picton chosen for the escalade of the castle walls. He led them through the darkness of the night, through various paths, which he himself first reconnoitered, over dead bodies. Picton thought he had lost his way and threatened to execute him, but JEC persisted that he had not misguided them by taking them to the walls. At the wall JEC directed the erection of ladders, urging on the troops who had followed from the 3rd Division, replacing broken ladders amid gun fire and was himself very badly wounded in the thigh while ascending the wall. JEC claims that the 3rd Division was the first to breach the walls. Eventually - JEC describes the action and his wounding in detail - he reached hospital after Badojoz was captured and was praised by various senior officers later for his exemplary conduct and bravery. In his work JEC describes the sufferings not so much by himself but of his colleagues and the callous indifference of several senior officers and surgeons.

Picton recommended JEC for promotion immediately after the battle, but the recommendation was lost among the hundreds of others. Later, Picton, and others, pursued his promotion - vigorously supported by JEC - who was promoted to Captain on 4 February 1813 "without purchase" while he was convalescing . JEC wrote two letters to military journals defending his hero, Picton. He was awarded a 3rd Clasp for his exploits at Badajoz.

JEC remained in hospital for 130 days and spent 18 months on crutches, during that time he wrote a commentary on the capture of Fort Napoleon at Almarez from his sick bed, put together from reports from his colleagues.

He returned to England in August 1812 and received his promotion on 4 February 1813. He was awarded the General Peninsular War Medal on 13 February 1849 with clasps for Corunna, Fuentes d'Oñoro and Badajoz (spelt Badajos by JEC and Army). He also received two awards of £70 and £100 as grants for his war wounds.

He was in the 2nd Battalion, 50th Regiment at Chatham in October 1814, in charge of several sick men (he was retained on full pay until May 1813). He was then appointed "without application" to a Garrison Battalion in Plymouth, which became part of the Third Garrison Battalion (11 May 1815). The Garrison was disbanded at Harwich and he joined on 18 November 1819 part of the 2nd Veteran Battalion where he remained until November 1819. He was then placed on the Retired List, retaining the rank of Captain and getting a full pension because of his wounds and gallantry.

In 1828 he requested the Army to call him Edward, rather than John Edward Connor, but to no avail. He appealed to the Patriotic Fund for an increase in pension but there is no evidence of any success, although PRO pension records have not been searched on this point.
1056,1057,1058,1059

A note from Derrick Phillips regarding a subscriber to JEC's book by the name of J. MacCarthy Esq., late of 1st (Royal) Regiment : I came across him in the Army Lists some years back when I first embarked on tracing JEC's career. At first I was bamboozled into wondering if he was indeed JEC, but it became clear he was not. He was in the Ist (Royal) Regiment from 1795 in 'Part of an Irish Brigade', but very soon went on Half Pay, when the brigade was disbanded in 1796 and he seems to have remained on Half Pay for the rest of his life, although he does seem to have served again for a short time during the ill fated Walcheren expedition, in which JEC also served. Eventually his name disappears from the Lists, so I presume he died. He never progressed beyond the rank of Ensign. I did then wonder if he was maybe an uncle or more likely a cousin of JEC - and this possibly could be the reason JEC named three of his sons John? Anyway, he has remained a mystery, although when I spotted his name among the subscribers when I first read the book, I again decided he must have been some relation. You have rekindled my interest in him, as if I can trace his parents (perhaps in the Records of Service) it could lead us to the parents of JEC's father Dennis MacCarthy..1060,1061


The four known children of John Edward Connor7 MacCarthy (Captain) and Sarah Ball (see #81) were as follows:

81. Sarah7 BALL was born in 1766.1092 She married John Edward Connor MacCarthy (Captain) (see #80), son of Dennis MacCarthy and Ann Gorden, on 28 Nov 1789 at Saint Anne Soho, Westminster, London, England. They were married by banns by John Jefferson, Curate.1093,1094,1095 She died on 19 Apr 1853 at Iver, Buckinghamshire, England,. She died of Natural Causes, aged 86, the informant being Sarah MacCarthy, her daughter.1096 Although records state that they were buried at Iver, none of the graves of JEC and Sarah, his wife, or Sarah, their daughter, have been found.1097
She and John Edward Connor MacCarthy (Captain) lived in 1843 at Cedar Cottage, Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire, England, they were given notice to quit this residence.1098 She lived in 1844 at Wood End Green, Hayes, Buckinghamshire, England.1099 She and John Edward Connor MacCarthy (Captain) lived between 1845 and 1850 at Swiss Cottage, Uxbridge Rd, Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire, England. John Edward Conner lived in Bruges, Belgium 1823-1828, and there is evidence in letters that he was in Lewes, Sussex in 1815, Dover, Kent in 1831, Hayes (Middlesex) in 1843 and Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire in 1849 and 1850.1100 Sarah Ball was head of household on the census of 30 Mar 1851 at Swiss Cottage, Uxbridge Rd, Iver, Buckinghamshire, England, as Sarah MacCarthy. She was shown as being a widow aged 84, an Annuitant, and as having been born in Leek, Staffordshire. Also living with her was her daughter, Sarah MacCarthy, and two servants, Jane Lovegrove, a 52 year old widow, who had been born in Middlesex, and Matilda Brook, 23 years old and unmarried, born in Battsford, Suffolk.



82. Daniel Joannes7 VAN DUYN (Maximilian, #164) was born in Feb 1773 at Ghent, Belgium, his birth date was taken from his death certificate which said that he was 84 years and 11 months old.1101 He married Marie Francoise Van Acker (see #83), daughter of Emmanuel Francois Van Acker and Anne Marie Huijsman.1102 He died on 5 Jan 1858 at Nederschelde, Ghent, Belgium, at age 84. He died at 1 AM.1103

The only known child of Daniel Joannes7 Van Duyn and Marie Francoise Van Acker (see #83) was:

83. Marie Francoise7 VAN ACKER (Emmanuel, #166) was born in Mar 1777 at Ghent, Belgium.1104 She married Daniel Joannes Van Duyn (see #82), son of Maximilian Jean Van Duyn and Theresa Jacober de Grave.1105 She died on 12 Dec 1814 at Rue de la Vallee, Ghent, Belgium, at age 37, she died at one o'clock in the morning aged 37 years and 9 months.1106



84. Robert7 NORFOR (Robert, #168) was christened on 29 Nov 1748 at Independent, Bradfield, Norfolk, England.1107 He married Sarah Wright (see #85) on 22 Apr 1784 at St Peter Mancroft, Norwich, Norfolk, England.1108

The two known children of Robert7 Norfor and Sarah Wright (see #85) were as follows:

85. Sarah7 WRIGHT is still living.



88. Richard7 BUSHNELL (Isaac, #176)1110,1111 was born on 18 Feb 1748/49 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.1112 He married Mary Milward (see #89) circa 1778.1113 He died in Aug 1803 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England, at age 54.1114,1115 He was buried on 19 Aug 1803 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.1116

The five known children of Richard7 Bushnell and Mary Milward (see #89) were as follows:

89. Mary7 MILWARD1141 was baptized on 13 Jan 1760 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.1142 She married Richard Bushnell (see #88), son of Isaac Bushnell and Grace (--?--), circa 1778.1143 She died circa 1 May 1827 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.1144 She was buried on 2 May 1827 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.1145



96. Thomas7 PURNELL is still living.

The four known children of Thomas7 Purnell and Ann Brown (see #97) were as follows:

97. Ann7 BROWN is still living.



104. John7 HOY (John, #208) was born before 5 Jul 1767 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1149 He was baptized on 5 Jul 1767 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1150 He married Mary Livermore (see #105) on 10 Nov 1789 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1151 He died in 1841 at England.

The five known children of John7 Hoy and Mary Livermore (see #105) were as follows:

105. Mary7 LIVERMORE was born circa 1767 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1158 She married John Hoy (see #104), son of John Hoy and Anne Bootle, on 10 Nov 1789 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1159 She died in 1849 at England.



Generation Eight



160. Dennis8 MACCARTHY1160 was born circa 1719 at Holland or Norway.1161,1162 He was baptized on 2 Nov 1719 at St Botolph without Aldgate, London, Middlesex, England; this entry if for a Dennis Carthy. It is unclear if this person is correct. His parents were given as Den. and Mary Carthy.1163,1164 He married Ann Gorden (see #161), daughter of Thomas Gorden (II) and Mary Fisher, on 28 Jan 1752 at Saint Antholin Budge Row, London, England. The marriage record shows that Dennis lived in Chelsae (sic) in the County of Middlesex Bark, and Ann was of St. Andrew, Holborn, London, a Spinster. They were married by licence by Mr. Pollin.1165,1166,1167 He died before 1823 at England.1168


From Derrick Phillips: "Records say Dennis MacCarthy was born in Holland (our pedigree tree says Norway but yours is more plausible). Some time ago I found a Will of an Ann (Macarty, Macartey, Macarthy - all 3 names in one document). She died in 1771 and was from Leyden in Holland and left property in Holland, Germany, England and Ireland to another Dutch person. I wondered if she was the mother or even grandmother of Dennis MacCarthy (the husband of Ann). Previously I had also wondered if Dennis was the 'minor' whose guardian was trying to get him a piece of the estates of the Countess of Clancarty - a minor then was anyone under 21 and I had found a Dennis christened in London in 1719. (This is all part of the detective work I've been doing trying to find Dennis' parents.). "1169


The 14 known children of Dennis8 MacCarthy and Ann Gorden (see #161) were as follows:

161. Ann8 GORDEN (Thomas, #322)1226,1227 was born on 21 Sep 1733 at Worcester, Worcestershire, England.1228 She was baptized on 24 Nov 1733 at St Andrews, Worcester, Worcestershire, England. Only the steeple of St Andrew's Church now remains; it was known as "the Glover's Needle."1229 She married Dennis MacCarthy (see #160) on 28 Jan 1752 at Saint Antholin Budge Row, London, England. The marriage record shows that Dennis lived in Chelsae (sic) in the County of Middlesex Bark, and Ann was of St. Andrew, Holborn, London, a Spinster. They were married by licence by Mr. Pollin.1230,1231,1232 She died before 9 Nov 1823 at St Martin's Parish, London, Middlesex, England,. Her place and date of death was taken from the peerage claim, but it did not say where St Martin's Parish was. Searches have tried to find the burial in the records of St Martin's in the Fields but without luck. St Martin's in the Fields is near Trafalgar Square and that is where Anne MacCarthy, her eldest daughter was buried.1233 She was buried on 9 Nov 1823 at St Ann's, Soho, Middlesex, England. The burial records shows that Ann's last address was Litchfield St., which is a small street in the vicinity of Oxford Circus. St Ann's is the church in which John Edward Conner MacCarthy, Ann's son, and Sarah Ball were married. The church was substantially destroyed during the Second World War but its tower survived and has become part of a modern church. During the restoration thousands of bodies, in coffins, or as remains, were removed and reinterred in St Martin's in the Fields churchyard. So perhaps Ann was finally laid to rest there. Ann's eldest daughter, also, Ann, is also buried in St Martin's in the Field.1234
She was also known as Ann Gordon.



164. Maximilian Jean8 VAN DUYN was born in 1768.1235 He married Theresa Jacober de Grave (see #165).1236

The only known child of Maximilian Jean8 Van Duyn and Theresa Jacober de Grave (see #165) was:

165. Theresa Jacober8 DE GRAVE is still living.



166. Emmanuel Francois8 VAN ACKER is still living.

The three known children of Emmanuel Francois8 Van Acker and Anne Marie Huijsman (see #167) were as follows:

167. Anne Marie8 HUIJSMAN is still living.



168. Robert8 NORFOR is still living.

The only known child of Robert8 Norfor and Elizabeth (--?--) (see #169) was:

169. Elizabeth8 (--?--) is still living.



176. Isaac8 BUSHNELL (Edward, #352)1238,1239 was born circa 1708 at Chippenham, Wiltshire, England.1240 He was baptized on 22 Aug 1708 at Chippenham, Wiltshire, England.1241 He married Grace (--?--) (see #177).1242 He died in Oct 1800 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.1243 He was buried on 14 Oct 1800 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.1244

The only known child of Isaac8 Bushnell and Grace (--?--) (see #177) was:

177. Grace8 (--?--)1245 married Isaac Bushnell (see #176), son of Edward Bushnell.1246 She died on 1 Dec 1783 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.1247



208. John8 HOY (John, #416) was christened on 11 Nov 1739 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1248 He married Anne Bootle (see #209) on 5 Jul 1760 at Chrishall, Essex, England.1249 He died in 1811 at England.

The seven known children of John8 Hoy and Anne Bootle (see #209) were as follows:

209. Anne8 BOOTLE is still living.



Generation Nine



322. Thomas9 GORDEN (II) (Thomas, #644)1263,1264 was born in 1697/98 at Dormington, Hereford, England.1265,1266 He was christened on 26 Mar 1699 at Eign Brook-Independent, Dormington, Hereford, England.1267,1268 He married Mary Fisher (see #323) on 23 Feb 1719 at Saint Giles without Cripplegate, London, Middlesex, England, they were married by banns.1269,1270 He died between 23 Dec 1738 and 3 Jan 1739 at London, England,. His will was apparently written on 23 Dec 1738 and was proven on 3 Jan 1738 (old calendar and so 1739). His age was shown as 41 so he must have been born in 1697/8 and not 1694 as pedigree chart shows.1271,1272 He was buried in 1738 at Bunhill Fields, London, England.1273
He was an Apprentice Carpenter on 2 Feb 1712 at London, England.1274 He was a Freeman of the Carpenters Company of the City of London in 1733 at London, England.1275 He was Liveryman in 1734 at London, England.1276 All the children of Thomas Gorden are mentioned in his will. The family pedigree chart says that Thomas was "an Architect of Great Renown" and was involved in the building of the Foundling Hospital. However, it was not this Thomas Gorden but his son, also Thomas Gorden, who was a brother of Ann Gorden, the husband of Dennis MacCarthy.1277

The four known children of Thomas9 Gorden (II) and Mary Fisher (see #323) were as follows:

323. Mary9 FISHER was born circa 1700. She married Thomas Gorden (II) (see #322), son of Thomas Gorden (I) and Ann Howard (II), on 23 Feb 1719 at Saint Giles without Cripplegate, London, Middlesex, England, they were married by banns.1286,1287 She died on 29 Jan 1779 at London, England.1288 She was buried at St Pancras Old Church, London, England.1289



352. Edward9 BUSHNELL1290 was born circa 1708 at Chippenham, Wiltshire, England.1291 He died in Oct 1800 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.1292

Known children of Edward9 Bushnell include:

416. John9 HOY (Jeremiah, #832) was born before 13 Feb 1711 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1293 He was baptized on 13 Feb 1711 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1294 He married Sarah Jeffry (see #417), daughter of Will Jefferies and Ann (--?--), on 17 Feb 1733 at Chrishall, Essex, England.1295 He died on 30 Jan 1780 at Elmdon, Essex, England, at age 68.1296

The 10 known children of John9 Hoy and Sarah Jeffry (see #417) were as follows:

417. Sarah9 JEFFRY (Will Jefferies, #834) was baptized on 16 Dec 1716 at Chrishall, Essex, England.1309 She married John Hoy (see #416), son of Jeremiah (Jeremy) Hoy and Martha Button, on 17 Feb 1733 at Chrishall, Essex, England.1310 She died on 28 Feb 1769 at Elmdon, Essex, England, at age 52.1311
As of 1733, she was also known as Sarah Jefferies.



Generation Ten



644. Thomas10 GORDEN (I)1312 was born circa 1670. He married Ann Howard (II) (see #645), daughter of Henry Howard Earl of Stafford and Anne Gilbert (Of Gloucester I), on 12 Dec 1691 at St Lawrence's, Evesham, England.1313,1314 He died before 1712 at England.1315
He was a Brewer circa 1700 at Gloucester, England.1316

The only known child of Thomas10 Gorden (I) and Ann Howard (II) (see #645) was:

645. Ann10 HOWARD (II) (Henry, #1290)1317 was born in 1670 at England. No record of this birth has been found. The date shown is from the pedigree chart.1318,1319 She may have been christened on 12 Feb 1698 at Eign Brook-Independent, Hereford, Hereford, England.1320 She married Edward Rawlins, son of Edward Rawlins and Ursula (--?--), on 2 Apr 1687 at St Andrew's, Worcester, Worcestershire, England.1321 She married Thomas Gorden (I) (see #644) on 12 Dec 1691 at St Lawrence's, Evesham, England.1322,1323 She died circa 27 Jul 1745 at England. She was buried on 28 Jul 1745 at St John The Baptist Church, Hereford, England. The date shown matches that on the pedigree chart and that from the Hereford Parish records. The finding of her burial record seems to indicate that the records found of her supposed parents in other Hereford records may be correct.1324,1325



832. Jeremiah (Jeremy)10 HOY (Jeremy, #1664) was born in 1673 at England. He married Martha Button (see #833) circa 1700 at England. He died on 22 Apr 1741 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1326

The 12 known children of Jeremiah (Jeremy)10 Hoy and Martha Button (see #833) were as follows:

833. Martha10 BUTTON married Jeremiah (Jeremy) Hoy (see #832), son of Jeremy Hoy and Frances (--?--), circa 1700 at England. She died between 23 Apr 1740 and 1740 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1352



834. Will10 JEFFERIES is still living.

The only known child of Will10 Jefferies and Ann (--?--) (see #835) was:

835. Ann10 (--?--) is still living.



Generation Eleven



1290. Henry11 HOWARD Earl of Stafford (William, #2580)1353 was born circa 1647 at Westminster, London, England.1354 He married Anne Gilbert (Of Gloucester I) (see #1291), daughter of Thomas Gilbert, on 3 Feb 1669 at St Margaret's, Westminster, Middlesex, England. There is quite a lot of confusion about this marriage. The certificate of marriage was supposedly lost and a reward of £2000 was offered for its recovery. However, regardless of the lost certificate (if it ever did exist), there may be no record of the marriage. (The marriage shown here is the only one found that appears to match. As to why Henry was called Stafford could be because his parents, in 1669 were the Viscount and Countess Stafford. However, at this stage, the marriage and Ann's maiden name should be treated with some skepticism.)

In 1825 an enquiry was held by the House of Lords, London, England, into a claim made by one of Ann's descendants to the Stafford title (Charlotte Gertrude MacCarthy). The claim was dismissed, not because it was incorrect, but because there was insufficient evidence. Ann "of Gloucester" was a Protestant , while the Howards were a Catholic family of longstanding . It could therefore have been an illegitimate union that resulted in the daughter, Ann, or very possibly a clandestine marriage, to protect property. Ann (the daughter) could have been a "foundling", or orphan if her mother had died in childbirth and her father had seen fit to ignore his daughter.
1355,1356 He married Claude Charlotte Gramont, daughter of Count Philibert de Gramont and Elizabeth Hamilton, on 3 Apr 1694.1357,1358 He died on 27 Apr 1719 at France. According to Burkes Peerage he died without issue, but that reference only quotes his second marriage. His supposed first marriage may not have occurred.1359 He was buried at Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England. Even though Henry was a staunch Roman catholic he is buried in a Church of England abbey (this was a time when all churches by definition were C of E).1360

On 1688 his name was legally changed to Henry Stafford-Howard. Henry Howard, later Stafford-Howard (1688), 1st Earl of Stafford, so created 5 Oct 1688, with remainder, in default of heirs male to his body; to his brothers and their male issue. Colonel of Foot 1688, Jacobite following Glorious Revolution. Married 3 or 6 April 1694 Claude-Charlotte Gramont and, according to Burkes Peerage he died without issue.1361

The only known child of Henry11 Howard Earl of Stafford and Anne Gilbert (Of Gloucester I) (see #1291) was:

1291. Anne11 GILBERT (Of Gloucester I) (Thomas, #2582) was born on 28 Aug 1654 at Ashleworth, Gloucestershire, England. Ann, who was supposed to have wed Henry Howard, was named Ann of Gloucester. The assumtion that this is the correct Ann is based on a marriage found of an Ann Gilbert to a Henry Stafford around the correct dates. This Ann Gilbert in the only one listed on the IGI that came from Gloucestershire.1362,1363 She married Henry Howard Earl of Stafford (see #1290), son of Sir William Howard (Viscount) and Mary Stafford, on 3 Feb 1669 at St Margaret's, Westminster, Middlesex, England. There is quite a lot of confusion about this marriage. The certificate of marriage was supposedly lost and a reward of £2000 was offered for its recovery. However, regardless of the lost certificate (if it ever did exist), there may be no record of the marriage. (The marriage shown here is the only one found that appears to match. As to why Henry was called Stafford could be because his parents, in 1669 were the Viscount and Countess Stafford. However, at this stage, the marriage and Ann's maiden name should be treated with some skepticism.)

In 1825 an enquiry was held by the House of Lords, London, England, into a claim made by one of Ann's descendants to the Stafford title (Charlotte Gertrude MacCarthy). The claim was dismissed, not because it was incorrect, but because there was insufficient evidence. Ann "of Gloucester" was a Protestant , while the Howards were a Catholic family of longstanding . It could therefore have been an illegitimate union that resulted in the daughter, Ann, or very possibly a clandestine marriage, to protect property. Ann (the daughter) could have been a "foundling", or orphan if her mother had died in childbirth and her father had seen fit to ignore his daughter.
1364,1365 She died circa 1670 at England. This is a rather tenuous date as no records have been found and it is a pure assumption.1366




1664. Jeremy11 HOY (James, #3328) was born in 1640 at England. He was baptized on 23 Feb 1640 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1367 He was baptized on 23 Feb 1640 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1368 He married Frances (--?--) (see #1665). He died on 15 Nov 1705 at Elmdon, Essex, England, at age 65.1369

The two known children of Jeremy11 Hoy and Frances (--?--) (see #1665) were as follows:

1665. Frances11 (--?--) married Jeremy Hoy (see #1664), son of James Hoy and Margaret (--?--). She died on 15 Nov 1705 at Elmdon, Essex, England.1371



Generation Twelve



2580. Sir William12 HOWARD (Viscount) (Thomas, #5160)1372,1373 was born on 30 Nov 1612 at Whitehall, Westminster, England.1374 He married Mary Stafford (see #2581), daughter of Edward Stafford and Anne Wilford, on 12 Oct 1637 at London, England. Also shown as c1647.1375 He died on 29 Dec 1680 at Tower Hill, Stepney, Middlesex, England, at age 68. He was beheaded due to his being convicted, possibly erroneously, in the Titus Oats Popish plot. An extract from a book on his execution is: That he must go to the place from whence he came, and from thence be drawn upon a Hurdle to the appointed place of Execution, there to be hang'd up by the Neck not till he was dead, but to be cut down alive, his privy Members to be cut off, and his Bowels to be ripped out and burnt before his face, and his Head to be severed from his body, and his Four Quarters to be divided and disposed of according to his Majesty's pleasure..1376,1377,1378

The nine known children of Sir William12 Howard (Viscount) and Mary Stafford (see #2581) were as follows:

2581. Mary12 STAFFORD (Edward, #5162)1388 was born in 1619 at England. She married Sir William Howard (Viscount) (see #2580), son of Thomas Howard (Earl of Arundel) and Alethea Talbot, on 12 Oct 1637 at London, England. Also shown as c1647.1389 She died on 13 Jan 1693/94 at England.1390
Mary Stafford, sister and sole heiress to Henry 5th Baron Stafford. Mary Stafford, Baroness, so created with her husband, 12 Sep 1640. Married Sir William Howard KB, 1st Baron Stafford, so created jointly with his wife, and 1st and last Viscount Stafford (beheaded 29 Dec 1680 at Tower Hill), 3rd son of 21st/14th Earl of Arundel, (3rd Earl of) Surrey and (1st Earl of) Norfolk.1391 After husband's death created Countess for life.1392



2582. Thomas12 GILBERT is still living.

Known children of Thomas12 Gilbert include:

3328. James12 HOY married Margaret (--?--) (see #3329). He died in 1645.

The four known children of James12 Hoy and Margaret (--?--) (see #3329) were as follows:

3329. Margaret12 (--?--) is still living.



Generation Thirteen



5160. Thomas13 HOWARD (Earl of Arundel)1397,1398 was born on 7 Jul 1585 at Finchingfield, Essex, England. He married Alethea Talbot (see #5161), daughter of Gilbert 7th Earl of Shrewsbury Talbot and Mary Cavendish, in Sep 1608. He died on 26 Sep 1646 at Paqua, Italy, at age 61. He was buried on 4 Oct 1646 at Arundel, Sussex, England.

The only known child of Thomas13 Howard (Earl of Arundel) and Alethea Talbot (see #5161) was:

5161. Alethea13 TALBOT1399 was born circa 1581 at Sheffield, Yorkshire, England. She married Thomas Howard (Earl of Arundel) (see #5160), son of Phillip Howard (Earl of Arundel) and Anne Dacre (Countess of Arundel), in Sep 1608. She died on 24 May 1654 at Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands. She was buried on 3 Jun 1654 at Rotherham, Yorkshire, England.



5162. Edward13 STAFFORD1400 was born in 1600. He was christened on 9 Jul 1601 at St Mary's, Staffordshire, England. He married Anne Wilford (see #5163), daughter of James Wilford and Anne Newman, before 15 May 1617. He died on 6 Apr 1621 at St Andrews, Holborn, England,. Died within the lifetime of his father. He was buried at St Andrews, Holborn, England.

The two known children of Edward13 Stafford and Anne Wilford (see #5163) were as follows:

5163. Anne13 WILFORD1403 was born circa 1603 at Newman Hall, Quendon, Essex, England.1404 She married Edward Stafford (see #5162), son of Hon Edward Stafford (4th Baron Stafford) and Isabel Foster, before 15 May 1617. She died in 1648/49 at Of, High Holborn, England.





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