Journal Report

Descendants of Isaac Bushnell



Generation One



1. Isaac1 BUSHNELL1,2 was born circa 1708 at Chippenham, Wiltshire, England.3 He was baptized on 22 Aug 1708 at Chippenham, Wiltshire, England.4 He married Grace (--?--).5 He died in Oct 1800 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.6 He was buried on 14 Oct 1800 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.7

Grace (--?--)8 died on 1 Dec 1783 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.9
The only known child of Isaac1 Bushnell and Grace (--?--) was:

Generation Two



2. Richard2 BUSHNELL (Isaac1)10,11 was born on 18 Feb 1748/49 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.12 He married Mary Milward circa 1778.13 He died in Aug 1803 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England, at age 54.14,15 He was buried on 19 Aug 1803 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.16

Mary MILWARD17 was baptized on 13 Jan 1760 at Tormarton, Gloucestershire, England.18 She died circa 1 May 1827 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.19 She was buried on 2 May 1827 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.20
The five known children of Richard2 Bushnell and Mary Milward were as follows:

Generation Three



3. Isaac3 BUSHNELL (Richard2, Isaac1)30,31 was born circa 1778 at Baptist Mills, Bristol, Gloucstershire, England, (an unknown value).32,33 He was baptized on 1 Mar 1778 at Bitton, Gloucestershire, England.34 He was baptized on 9 Jul 1799 at St Philip & Jacob, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.35 He married Edith Martin on 19 Sep 1798 at St Michaels, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.36,37 He died on 17 Jan 1853 at 2 Somers Row, St Pauls, Bristol, England.38,39 He was buried in Jan 1853 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.40
An Isaac Bushell was found on an 1851 census of the Avon (Bristol) area. His age was shown as 67 and he was living in the Parish of Walcot, actually a part of Somerset. He would have been born in 1784. No wife was found and, as yet, no burial has been found for her.41

Edith MARTIN was born circa 1777 at Baptist Mills, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.42 She was born on 18 Oct 1778 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England, (an unknown value).43,44 She died in 1870 at England. Probably incorrect.45
The eight known children of Isaac3 Bushnell and Edith Martin were as follows:

4. Susannah Edith3 BUSHNELL (Richard2, Isaac1)80,81,82 was born circa 1780 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.83 She was baptized on 5 Nov 1780 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.84 She married William Stone on 24 Nov 1801 at St Johns, Bedminster, Somerset, England.85 She died on 4 Jul 1830 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.86 She was buried on 5 Jul 1830 at St Pauls, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.

William STONE87 was born circa 1778 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.88 He was baptized on 8 Nov 1778 at St Philip & Jacob, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.89 He died on 29 Jun 1842 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.90
The seven known children of Susannah Edith3 Bushnell and William Stone were as follows:

6. Jacob3 BUSHNELL (Richard2, Isaac1)119,120,121 was born circa 1786 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.122 He was baptized on 29 Oct 1786 at St Philip & Jacob, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.123 He married Lucy Collins on 18 Dec 1815 at Alverstoke, Hampshire, England.124,125 He died in 1847.126

Lucy COLLINS127 was born circa 1793 at England.128 She died in Dec 1885 at Portsea, Hampshire, England.129 She was enumerated with Robert Hebbleworth and Sarah Bushnell on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Robin Hood 361 Comml Road, Portsea, Hampshire, England, as Louisa Bushnell. She was shown as a Lodger aged 87.130
The nine known children of Jacob3 Bushnell and Lucy Collins were as follows:

Generation Four



13. James4 BUSHNELL (Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1)157,158,159 was born circa 1808 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.160 He married ? Unknown circa 1828 at England.161 He married Elizabeth Taylor on 28 Oct 1844 at Holy Trinity, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.162
He was enumerated with James Bushnell on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at 7 Seymour Place, St Philip & Jacob, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.163

? UNKNOWN164 is still living.
The two known children of James4 Bushnell and ? Unknown were as follows:

Elizabeth TAYLOR170 died before 1881 at England.171
There were no known children of James4 Bushnell and Elizabeth Taylor.

15. Richard4 BUSHNELL (Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born circa 1816 at Bristol, England, the place and date were taken from his death certificate.172

Richard Bushnell married Jane Clarke, daughter of James Clarke and Jane (--?--), on 8 Jan 1849 at St Johns Church, Brisbane, Stanley, Qld, Australia. They were married by licence with the consent of all parties concerned by Benjamin Glennie. He was a bachelor and she a spinster, both from the Logan River area. The witnesses were James Beechy of North Brisbane and Juliana Foley of Brisbane who signed with her mark.173,174

Richard Bushnell died on 27 Jun 1881 at 23 Fort St, Maryborough, Qld, Australia,. His death certificate said that he died of "general debility" which he had had for 6 months. The medical attendant was J.J. Power. The informant was William Robert Bushnell, his son, of Maryborough and Richard's occupation was shown as an "Overseer". According to his death certificate he arrived in Queensland, about 45 years prior to his death (1836) which tallies with the arrival of Richard Bushell as a convict in Sydney. The death certificate also says that he had been married to Jane Clark in Sydney about 30 years prior to his death (c1851), however, his wife's death certificate states that they were married in Brisbane in 1849. His father was listed as Isaac and had been a Mechanic, and his mother's name was shown as Edith Martin.175 He was buried on 28 Jun 1881 at Maryborough Cemetery, Marborough, Qld, Australia. He was buried by Rev, R.R. Eva, Church of England. The undertaker was W. Kirk and the witnesses William Butler and William Braun.176

There has been some problems attempting to determine Richard Bushnell's life prior to his marriage to Jane Clarke in 1849. According to Richard's death certificate he arrived in the Colony in 1836, however, there is no mention of a Richard Bushnell in the immigration, or convict, records of persons arriving in NSW or Qld in the 1830's. At an age of 63 at his death he would have been born in about 1818. His death certificate shows his father's occupation as "Mechanic", and his birth place as Bristol, England. (On his son William's birth certificate his birth year would have been 1816.)

There was, however, a convict by the name of Richard Bushell who arrived in Sydney in 1835, aged 19, with native place of Gloucestershire. He was sentenced in the Gloucester Azzizes to transportation for life for house breaking. The indent shows that he had been an engineer's apprentice for 2 1/2 years prior to sentencing. He was initially sent to Bathurst, NSW, but, in 1843, he was granted a conditional pardon in Brisbane.

On the baptisim record of the first three children of Richard Bushnell and Jane Clarke (Edith, Elizabeth and Richard), Richard's occupation was listed as "Engineer". On the baptism records of the next two children, (Joseph James and Maria) his occupation was shown as "Labourer" then "Overseer", and on the birth certificate of the next child, (William), it is shown as "Overseer". (N.B. As the first five children were born prior to the separartion of Qld from NSW their births or baptisms are in the NSW records. The birth, or baptism, of the first three children are not listed in the Qld records.)

Interestingly, the first three children were baptised on the same day, 22 Aug 1852, in the Parish of St. Lawrence, County of Cumberland. At that time the Parish of St. Lawrence, covered part of Sydney, and the baptism certificate shows that the family's abode was Glebe, Sydney. One can only ponder on what they were doing in Sydney, although Richard Bushell, the convict, was supposed to collect his conditional pardon from the Sydney office of the Principal Superintendent of Convicts in 1850 or else suffer the consequences of not doing so.

No record can be found of a marriage or death of a Richard Bushell and he appears to have disappeared after gaining his conditional pardon in 1843. (Records have been searched in Qld, NSW, Vic, TAS, WA and SA. Also, there does not appear to be a record of a Richard Bushnell prior to 1849, so one can only speculate on whether they were the same person. In favour of an affirmative answer we can see that were of a similar age, having been born in about 1816-1818, both came to Australia in about 1835, and both came from Gloucestershire. Also, Richard Bushell, the convict, had been an Engineer's apprentice, and Richard Bushnell's occupation was shown as "Engineer" on his first three children's baptism record.

No record of a marriage of Richard's parents has been found in Bristol (Avon), Somerset or Gloucester. Searches have been made for Bushnell and Bushell. There do appear to be some Bushell marriages in all three places, especially Bristol, but none at all for Bushnell. Neither has a birth been found for a Rivhard Bushell, or Bushnell, in the Bristol (Avon) district. Assuming that Richard was born in Bristol, and taking the fact that there are certainly more Bushells than Bushnells, it seems logical to assume that Richard may have been a Bushell.

The following narrative assumes that Richard Bushell and Richard Bushnell are the some person.


Richard Bushnell was transported between 1 Oct 1834 and 30 Jan 1835 at Sydney, NSW. He was transported on the 503 ton vessel Bengal Merchant which departed London 1 Oct 1834 arriving Sydney 30 Jan 1835. The ship carried 267 male prisoners. Richard was described as being 19 years of age, 5 ft 71/4 inches tall, of a ruddy and much freckled complexion, had dark brown hair and grey eyes. He was transported for life for house-breaking, having been sentenced in the Gloucester Lent Azzizes on 29 March 1834. His native place was Gloucestershire where he had been an engineer's apprentice for 2 1/2 years. He could read and write, was unmarried and a Protestant. The Glouster Gaol Registers has his address as St Paul's, Bristol, and his occupation as Millwright.177,178,179 He appeared on the census of 1837 at Bathurst, NSW, and the records show he was living at Bathurst, NSW, and that his master (employer) was a J.B.Montefiore.180 The 1837 Census showed that Richard Bushell was working for J.B.Montefiore, who, at that time, was a well known financier and land-owner in NSW. In 1838 Montefiore owned 12,502 acres of land in NSW, including Nanima station, near Wellington, NSW, which is some distance west of Bathurst. In 1841 Montefiore's firm went bankrupt and he returned to London. There is no indication of what happened to his convict labourers. However, as Richard Bushell's conditional pardon was granted in Moreton Bay in 1843, it is reasonable to assume he went, or was sent, there. There is a mention of Richard Bushell in the Queale Collections, a collection of information on convicts imprisoned in the Moreton Bay Penal Settlement; the date of mention is 12 May 1843. He is also mentioned on 13 May 1843 in the NSW Colonial Secretary's letters relating to Moreton Bay, both references were related to his pardon.181,182,183,184

Richard Bushell and a John Petchey (both convicts) apprehended a bushranger by the name of James McKinnon at Moreton Bay. As a result both were recommended for conditional pardons (a "conditional" pardon meant he had to remain in Australia). The pardons were recommended by a Mr John Wickam who had only just been appointed Police Magistrate of Moreton Bay. John Wickham had been a commander on the HMS Beagle employed in surveying the coast of Australia. (As an aside, Cmdr John Wickham had also been second in charge of the Beagle when it carried Charles Darwin, the renowned Naturalist.) The notice of Richard Bushell's pardon also appeared in the NSW Government Gazette once on 12 June 1844 saying it had been granted, and again later the same year stating the pardon could be collected on payment of the fees due thereon to the Public. Richard's name also appears in another reference Queale Collection but this reference came from the Colonial Secretary's Correspondence and not from the Convict Register, which possibly means that he was not sent to Moreton Bay as a punishment but arrived due to other means. The problem with this is that convicts as a rule were not allowed to roam the countryside at will. So, how did Richard Bushell get to Moreton Bay? Was he sent due to the commital of a crime while in NSW, or did he travel overland with one of the early settlers, who drove sheep from NSW to the Moreton Bay area?185,186,187
In trying to determine how Richard Bushell arrived at Morton Bay the following has been ascertained:
As has been mentioned Richard was working for J.B. Montefiore at Bathurst, NSW, in 1838, but Montefiore went bankrupt in the early 1840's. Richard does not appear on the Moreton Bay convict register so it can be assumed he arrived there via some other means other than being a miscreant. (However, he is mentioned in correspondence to the Colonial Secretary related to his apprehension of a bushranger, as a "Prisoner".)

One of Richard Bushnell's sons, Joseph James, at the age of 91+, recalled that his father had been a "shipmate" of a William Humphreys (or Humphries), although there is no indication of what the term "shipmate" meant. William Humphreys had travelled overland to Moreton Bay with Clement and Paul Lawless in 1842 and settled at Mount Martin ("Mundoolun") in the Beaudesert District. Living in the same area was William Barker of "Tamrookum", which he had taken up in 1842. William Barker's was the property where Jane Clarke, Richard Bushnell's future wife, was sent after her arrival in Moreton Bay in 1848/9.William Humphreys and Henry Herbert were the original owners of the station "Wetheron" in the Northern Burnett River area, near Gayndah, (MBC 8 Jul 1850) and William Humphreys became the sole owner in Jul 1851 (MBC 26 Jul 1851). "Wetheron" was shown as being of 24,000 acres with an estimated grazing capacity of 640 cattle. William Humphrey was appointed a magistrate at Gayndah in about May 1852 (MBC 3 May 1852), and he and a James H. Reid, departed the Burnett River area for Europe in Nov 1853 (MBC 26 Mar 1853).

Another reference says that William Humphreys could have been at "Wetheron" as early as 1847, and that Edith Bushnell, Richard's daughter, was the first white child born in the Gayndah District. That reference also said that Richard was the Sheep Overseer (Hist Maryborough). However, that conflicts with another reference that said that In 1848 the station "Ban Ban", owned by Humphreys and Herbert was the furthest station out along the Burnett River (Bloxsome).

According to a note left by Jospeh James Bushnell (Richard's fourth child), when William Humphreys returned to England in 1853 (see above) and Richard Bushnell was left to negotiate the sale of "Wetheron" to the Sydney firm of J. Montifiore. Interestingly in a letter in the Maryborough Chronicle in 1930, Richard's eldest son, also Richard, maintained that the Lawless Bros had known his father while he had been working for a Mr Cartin Collins, on the Logan, and that Mr Humphreys had arranged for his father to accompany him to Wetheron in about 1846 or 1847. If it was also true that Richard was at Wetheron in 1853, then it means that Richard and Jane and the first three children must have left Wetheron, gone to Sydney, and returned to Wetheron.

Jospeh James was baptised in 1854 at "Canal Creek" which was a station on the Darling Downs, and their next child, Maria, was baptised at Warwick in 1855. In August 1849 the "Canal Creek" run was divided and the lower portion, which became known as "Hamilton" run, surrendered to William Barker. If that William Barker was the same person who had owned "Tamrookum" then it could also give a connection to Richard and Jane. Interestingly J.J. Bushnell was baptised by Benjamin Glennie who, because he detested riding horses, did most of his pastoral work by walking around the district. By examining the 1854 baptism records one can see that Glennie was probably at "Canal Creek" during one of his periodical rounds. If that is true it could mean that Richard was working at "Canal Creek" in 1854 and at Warwick in 1855, so it is possible that the family moved to the Canal Creek area after the sale of Wetheron.

Richards next two children, both called William, were registered in Gayndah, and are shown as having been born at "Wetheron" in 1857/8 so the family had obviously moved back there from Warwick. The first William died in 1858 at the age of 11 months and was buried at Wetheron.

Richard Bushnell worked for the Lawless brothers at "Booubyjan" or "Boonbagan", which was taken up by Clement Lawless in 1850 (MBC 8 Jul 1850). Clement and Paul Lawless took up the station "Nindooinbah" (also in the Beaudesert Region), in 1842 and stocked it with cattle that they overlanded from the Liverpool Ranges. They sold "Nindooinbah" to A.W. Compigne in 1847, who brought sheep in from Bathurst.

Perhaps It is fair to speculate that Richard Bushell had travelled overland with the Lawless brothers and William Humphreys, or some other early settler, and changed his name, or took his original name, prior to marrying Jane Clarke.

Unfortunately, no record of Richard Bushell (or Bushnell) nor of Isaac Bushell (or Bushnell) and Edith Martin (Richard's parents) have been found in the Gloucestershire, England, census records.
188,189,190,191,192,193,194

On 22 Jun 1850 Richard Bushell's name appeared in the Sydney Morning Herald regarding persons that had not collected their pardons from the Office of the Principal Superintendent of Convicts. The list of names was preceded by the following heading:
The "Absolute," "Expletive Absolute," or "Conditional Pardons," granted to the undermentioned Individuals, being still in my office unapplied for; it is hereby notified that the parties in whose favour these pardons have been prepared, are required by the Government within three months from this date to make application for the same, either at my office, or to the Clerk of Petty Sessions of their respective Districts, and failing in so doing, they will become liable to all the consequences that may arise from their not possessing those instruments (signed by J. McLean). In light of the fact that Richard Bushnell, Jane Clarke and the first three children were in Sydney in 1852, did they travel there to collect Richard's pardon? It is unclear if the pardon was ever collected.
195

Richard Bushnell was an Engineer in Aug 1852 at Glebe, Sydney, NSW, Australia. He was an Overseer in Feb 1854 at Canal Creek, Qld, Australia.196 He was a Labourer in Sep 1855 at Warwick, Qld, Australia.197

In about 1859 the family moved from Wetheron to Booubyjan which was about 45 miles south of Wetheron. Booubyjan was owned by the Lawlesses (and still is). An extract from a folder written by Jospeh James Bushnell in the 1940's reads: "Our mode of transport from Wetheron to Booubyjan was by bullock teams and it took five days to do the journey of 45 miles. We were continually getting bogged. Stuck against big logs and trees. We arrived at 9 o'clock on the fifth day."198 He and the family moved to 23 Fort St., Maryborough.199

In 1870 Richard was living in Maryborough, Qld, and according to one of his children's birth certificates he was an Engineer.200 In 1880, on his daughter Edith's marriage certificate, he was listed as a "Gentleman", and his death certificate in 1881, said that he was an Overseer.201


Jane CLARKE was born in Jul 1830 at London, England.202

Jane Clarke died on 21 Feb 1902 at Hunter St, Bundaberg, Qld, at age 71. She died of senility, serious apolexy (stroke) and syncope (mild form of heatstroke), the medical attendant being Guy F. Luther who last saw Jane on 21 Feb 1902. Her death certificate says she was aged 71 years and 7 months, came from London and had been in Queensland for 55 years which tallies with her arrival in Moreton Bay. Her marriage age of 18 also tallies with here marriage certificate. She was succeeded by 10 children with 3 being deceased. The living children were shown as: Elizabeth (52), Richard (50), Joseph (48), William (44), Mary Jane (42), Isaac (41), George (39), Martin (36), Ellen (33) and Arthur (31). 1 male and 2 females predeceased Jane.203 She was buried on 22 Feb 1902 at Maryborough Cemetery, Maryborough, Qld. The burial service was conducted by R.R. Eva of the Church of England. The witnesses were her sons Martin and Isaac Bushnell. The burial was certified by W. Kirk and the death and burial were registered by C.H. Short on 27 Feb 1902 in Bundaberg.204 There is some confusion regarding Jane Clarke. This is caused partly because of the confusion with Richard Bushnell. There were several Jane Clarks, or Jane Clarkes, that could have been the correct one. Some were born in NSW around 1830 and some arrived by ship around the mid 1840's. However, only two meet the critereon of having been born in 1830, the year shown as Jane's birth as taken from her death certificate. Also, her death certificate says that she was married at age 18 and had been in Qld for 55 years, both pointing to a year around 1847-1848.

In Alan Bushnell's first book of his family he had a Jane Clarke who had been born in Sydney in 1830. However, he changed his mind, I assume when he got her death certificate, which has her birth as London, England. He stated that the only one that fitted the overseas birth was a Jane that came from Ireland. There does not appear to be any confusion of a marriage of a Jane Clark and Richard Bushnell in Brisbane in Jan 1849 as their marriage record is in the NSW and Qld BDM system. However, the first three children were baptised in Sydney in Aug. 1852 and the fourth child in Qld in 1854. Edith, the first child was born in December 1849, the second in December 1850 and the third in March 1852. On the children's baptism record they were shown as living at Glebe, Sydney, but, as the children were born in Qld it means the family must have travelled to Sydney sometime between Jan 1849 and Aug. 1852, then back to Qld before 1854. The fact that all three children were baptised on the same day could indicate that the family were living somewhere that did not have easy access to a religious minister.

The immigartion record of Jane Clarke for the Earl Gray states that Jane was sent to Moreton Bay; that would have been in the late part of 1848. She was sent there due to a supposed problem with some girls on the ship during the voyage. In his book, McClaughlin (1998) on page 115 states "No marriage has been identified in Queensland for Susan McKeon and Jane Clarke, the two women among the first arrivals on the Earl Gray who it was alleged, had been married in Ireland". Also in McClaughlin's book (2001) on page 144 he says there is some doubt about Jane's marriage to Richard Bushnell. So, if McClaughlin is correct, who is the Jane Clark who married Richard Bushnell. That Jane Clarke has everything in her history that matches all the facts shown on the immigration record and on various birth and death certificates. She was born in 1830, and came to NSW in 1848. Also, according to the immigration record, the Jane who arrived on the Earl Grey could not write, and the Jane, who married Richard Bushnell, could not write either.
205 She immigrated on 6 Oct 1848 to Sydney, NSW. The vessel she travelled on was the 571 ton Earl Grey which departed from Plymouth, England on 3 June 1848, arriving Sydney 6 Oct 1848, a journey of 125 days. Jane was 18 years old, and came from Belfast, Co Antrim, Ireland. She was of the Church of England, could read and was in good health. Both her parents were listed as dead; her father's name was shown on the immigration list as James, and her mother's Jane. The ship's master was Capt. A.S.Mollinson. Jane came out under the patronage of the Orphan Immigration Committee.

Apparently there were so many problems with a group of females on the Earl Grey during the voyage, that a special meeting was convened in Sydney on 6 Dec 1848 of the Orphan Immigration Committee. A group of about 56 girls obtained the approbrious title of the "Belfast Girls" from the remainder of the immigrants. The committee report stated that some of these girls had not been true orphans but had merely been passed through the Orphan Workhouses for the purpose of qualifying them for free passage to the Colony. Of the so called orphans two at least had been already married and had run away from their husbands and a third had either married in Ireland or had lived with a man without marriage. Several had come out under assumed names. During the voyage there has been a considerable amount of pilfering and bad language, and some girls didn't wear their bonnets (sic).

It was considered by the Committee that landing these girls in Sydney would lead to their final ruin, so, to separate them from the remainder of the orphans, they recommended that they should be at once forwarded into the Country. Forty seven of them who were named by Dr Douglas, the Surgeon Superintendent of the Earl Grey, were accordingly despatched by the Agent for Immigration to the interior, under the charge of persons connected with the Immigration Department, who were instructed to consign them to the care of the local Police Magistrate of the Districts to which they were forwarded, and to explain the circumstances under which they were sent. Apparently, all except one, received good appointments (the one is not named). The girls who were not part of the above group were received into the Institution in Hyde Park Barracks.

In the minutes of evidence taken by the Committee none of the girls names were given, they were only refered to by their initials. However, evidence given by Dr Douglas, to a question by a Rev. Dr. George, said that one girl, named in the report as J____C___, stated that she and her husband could not agree; he went his way and she went hers, and that she went into the work-house to qualify herself for a passage to Sydney. There were only two girls on the vessel with the initials J.C., the other was a 16 year old who came from Armagh. Also, a note on the immigration list says that Jane Clarke was sent to Moreton Bay. It would seem therefore, that Jane may have been married before she left Ireland.

However, in another of Trevor McClaughlin's books (1991), he disected the Earl Grey investigation and came to the conclusion that Jane Clarke had not been married and she had been an orphan of good character. One of the depositions to the inquiry to a British parliamentary inquiry, by a Robert Howe, a bleacher and printer of linens in Belfast, had employed Jane when she was about 16 years old until about 1846-7. She had gone to work for him with a letter of recommendation from a Clergyman in the County Tyrone. After she left his employment, due to lack of work, she apparently went to Glasgow, and after about 8-10 months returned to Belfast. Robert Howe had no employment for her he gave her a letter to one of the wardens to get her into the Poor House. Robert Howe was under the opinion that Jane was an orphan and was unmarried, and was of good character.

It appears that the incident occurred at a time in Australia's history when there was an ongoing conflict between the emigres and immigrants and quite a bit of open antagonism towards the Irish immigrants in particluar. It also seemed that Dr Douglas, the Surgeon Superintendent of the Earl Grey,, was not overly fond of the Irish and he may have been a bigot.
206,207,208,209

On her arrival at Moreton Bay Jane was sent to work for a Wm Barker of the Logan River District.210

The 14 known children of Richard4 Bushnell and Jane Clarke were as follows:

18. William4 STONE (Susannah3 Bushnell, Richard2, Isaac1)233,234,235 was born on 24 Apr 1807 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.236 He married Diana Grant on 30 Jan 1830 at England.237 He died on 14 Jun 1884 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England, at age 77.238

Diana GRANT is still living.
The only known child of William4 Stone and Diana Grant was:

23. Richard4 BUSHNELL (Jacob3, Richard2, Isaac1)245,246,247 was born circa 1813 at Portsea, Hampshire, England.248 He was baptized on 19 Sep 1813 at St Marys, Portsea, Hampshire, England.249 He married Ann (--?--).
Richard Bushnell was head of household on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at 79 King St, Woolwich, Kent, England, as Richard Bushnall. He was a Pensioner from H.M.Dockyard. Also enumerated were Ann (--?--) and Robert W Bushnell.250

Ann (--?--) was born in 1817 at Portsmouth, Hampshire, England.251 She was enumerated with Richard Bushnell and Robert W Bushnell on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at 79 King St, Woolwich, Kent, England, as Ann Bushnall. She was aged 64.252
The two known children of Richard4 Bushnell and Ann (--?--) were as follows:

26. Isaac Henry4 BUSHNELL (Jacob3, Richard2, Isaac1)255,256,257 was born circa 1820 at Southsea, Hampshire, England.258,259 He was baptized on 21 May 1820 at St Marys, Portsea, Hampshire, England.260 He married Maria Eliza Frampton Binsteed in Dec 1842 at Portsea Island, Hampshire, England.261,262 He died in Mar 1899 at Portsea, Hampshire, England, at age 78. He was 78 years old.263
Isaac Henry Bushnell was head of household on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Royal Clarence Yard, Alverstoke, Hampshire, England,. He was shown as an Engineer in charge of RC yard. Also enumerated were Maria Eliza Frampton Binsteed, Harriet Bushnell, Emma Lucy Bushnell, Robert Binstead Bushnell, and Edward Augustus King.264 He appeared on the census of 5 Apr 1891 at Hampshire, England.265

Maria Eliza Frampton BINSTEED266 was born circa 1819 at Portsea, Hampshire, England.267 She died in Sep 1886 at Portsea, Hampshire, England,. She was 67 years old.268 She was on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Royal Clarence Yard, Alverstoke, Hampshire, England, as Maria ELiza Frampton Bushnell. She was shown as being 62 years old, born at Portsea.269
The three known children of Isaac Henry4 Bushnell and Maria Eliza Frampton Binsteed were as follows:

28. Sarah4 BUSHNELL (Jacob3, Richard2, Isaac1)288,289,290 was born circa 1829 at Portsea, Hampshire, England.291 She was baptized on 4 Jan 1829 at St Marys, Portsea, Hampshire, England.292 She married Robert Hebbleworth.
She was enumerated with Robert Hebbleworth, Jessie Hebbleworth, and Robert Hebbleworth on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Robin Hood 361 Comml Road, Portsea, Hampshire, England,. She was aged 51.293

Robert HEBBLEWORTH was born in 1832 at Hull, York, England.294 Robert Hebbleworth was head of household on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Robin Hood 361 Comml Road, Portsea, Hampshire, England,. He was a Boilermaker aged 49. Also enumerated were Sarah Bushnell, Jessie Hebbleworth, and Robert Hebbleworth.295
The two known children of Sarah4 Bushnell and Robert Hebbleworth were as follows:

31. Jacob Walter4 BUSHNELL (Jacob3, Richard2, Isaac1)299,300,301 was born circa 1835 at Portsea, Hampshire, England.302 He was baptized on 8 Mar 1835 at St Marys, Portsea, Hampshire, England.303 He married Mary Ann ? circa 1850 at Hampshire, England.304 He died in Sep 1888 at Portsea, Hampshire, England, at age 53. He was aged 53.305
Jacob Walter Bushnell was head of household on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at 98 Broad St, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England,. He was a Licensed Victualler. Also living with them was his grandson Henry E Roberts. Also enumerated were Mary Ann ?, Eliza Ellen Bushnell, Walter William Bushnell, and Henry E Roberts.306

Mary Ann ?307 was born circa 1831 at Purbrook, Hampshire, England.308 She died in Sep 1898 at Portsea Island, Hampshire, England,. She was 68 years old.309 She was enumerated with Jacob Walter Bushnell on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at 98 Broad St, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, as M A Bushnell. She was 50 years old.310
The four known children of Jacob Walter4 Bushnell and Mary Ann ? were as follows:

Generation Five



32. James5 BUSHNELL (James4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1)330,331,332 was born circa 1829 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.333 He married Sarah Susannah Wright circa 1868 at Gloucestershire, England.334,335
James Bushnell was head of household on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at 7 Seymour Place, St Philip & Jacob, Gloster, Gloucestershire, England,. He was a Furniture Broker. Also residing at this addres was his nephew Alfred Martin, an unmarried General Labourer, aged 24 and Annie Bullock, unmarried, aged 16 and a General Servant. Also enumerated were Sarah Susannah Wright, Alice Bushnell, Edith Bushnell, James Bushnell, Mabel Bushnell, and James Bushnell.336

Sarah Susannah WRIGHT337 was born circa 1841 at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.338 She was enumerated with James Bushnell on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at 7 Seymour Place, St Philip & Jacob, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England, as Sarah Bushnell. She was aged 40 and was born in Bristol.339
The four known children of James5 Bushnell and Sarah Susannah Wright were as follows:

34. Edith5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 1 Dec 1849 at Wetheron, Gayndah, Qld, Australia. There is some confusion as to where Edith and her two siblings, Elizabeth and Richard, were born. According to Allan Bushnell's records they were born at Wetheron Cattle Station, near Gayndah, Qld. Also, Edith's marriage and death certificate says she was born at Wetheron Station, Burnett. However, their baptism records have them as living at Glebe, Sydney, in 1852, and they were baptised in the Parish of St. Lawrence, which is the parish for the city of Sydney. To further complicate it, their parents appear to have been married in Brisbane in 1849, and the three children were all baptised together some three and a half years after Edith was born, and five months after Richard, the youngest of the three was born. There does not seem to be any record of how they travel to Sydney from Qld. Possibly their parents travelled to Sydney after their marriage and the three children were born in Sydney. That would mean they travelled back to Qld after Richard was born as the next child, was born in Qld about two years after the first three were baptised. If Edith was born at "Wetheron" then she is said to have been the first white child born in the Burnett area.357 She was baptized on 22 Aug 1852 at Presbyterian Church, Parish of St Lawrence, Sydney, Cumberland, NSW, Australia.358

Edith Bushnell married Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy, son of Justin Edward Daniel MacCarthy (Captain) and Anne Davies Norfor, on 12 Jun 1880 at Seaview Cottage, Port Douglas, Qld, Australia. They were married at the residence of T. Powers Esq., Port Douglas (Edith's brother-in-law) . Edward's occupation was shown as Snr Collector of Customs and Police Magistrate, he was 29 years old and a bachelor. His birth place was shown as Calicut, East India. Edith was a spinster aged 30 years; her birth place was shown as Wetheron Station, Burnett Station, Qld. Edward's father was shown as Justin Edward Daniel MacCarthy, late of the 40th regiment, his mother as Anne Davies Norfor. Edith's father was shown as Richard Bushnell, Gentleman, and her mother as Jane Clarke. The witnesses were John Gaul and Jessie Struthers and the officiating minister as Albert Cornelius Mosley.359

Edith Bushnell died on 11 Aug 1898 at Fernleigh, near Mackay, Qld, Australia, at age 48. She died from hyperpyrexia (malignant hyperthermia) which she had had for 11 days prior to death. She was attended by Dr. A.T. Dulie who last saw her on 8 Aug 1898. Her father's name was shown as Richard Bushnell but no mother's name was shown. Her husband was the informant. Her place of birth was shown as Witheron Station, Burnett, Qld. She had been married at the age of 30 at Port Douglas, Qld. She was succeeded by 7 living children (Eward Richard 17, Justin Eric 15, Norton Norman 13, Edith Alice 12, Aubrey Roy 11, Mina Evelyn 9 and Bernett Hofford 8; spelling as per death certiciate).360 She was buried on 12 Aug 1898 at Mackay Cemetery, Cemetery Rd, Mackay, Qld, Australia. The Reverend. W.A. Turner, Church of England, conducted the burial service. The witnesses to the burial were I.C. Binney and William Matthews. Alexander Grant certified the burial, which was registered at Mackay on 4 Sep 1898, by the registrar A. Hanbury. She is in the Church of England (Anglican) Section; Block 2; Line# 2; Plot#:38. Burial #: 2164-1. She is buried with many other family members, but Edith was probably the first person to interred in this grave. The burial fee was $5.361



Edward and Edith lived in 1897 at Fernleigh, Mackay, Qld, Australia, as Farmers and he also held an Auctioneer's Licence and premises in Mackay.362

According to one of Edith's grand-daughters, Edith had black hair, but, on seeing a bolting horse, and thinking it was dragging one of her sons, her hair went white overnight.363


Edward Robert Norfor MACCARTHY was born on 30 May 1851 at Calicut, Kerala, India.364 He was baptized on 14 Sep 1851 at Chaplains Station, Madras, Kerala, India. He was baptised by the chaplain, Henry Deanes in the presence of A. and H. Conolly.365

He married Edith Mary Allen, daughter of Joseph Paine Allen and Hannah Canning, on 28 Jun 1899 at Fernvale, Mackay, Qld, Australia. They were married in the residence of the bride-groom at Mackay according to the rites of the Church of England. J.C.B. MacCarthy and Alice G. MacCarthy (probably his brother, John Charles, and sister Alice Gertrude) were the witnesses. W. Abal Turner was the officiating minister. Edward was 48 years old and a widower and Edith was 19 and a spinster. Edith had been the family housekeeper. A.B. Gibson registered the marriage at Mackay on 30 Jun 1899. She was shown as being 19 years of age, having been born at Stoney Creek, NSW, with father Joseph Paine Allen, a mining engineer, and mother Hannah Canning.366

Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy died on 15 Dec 1924 at Parramatta Road, Leichhardt, NSW, Australia, at age 73. When Edward died he was an old age pensioner, having been an Auctioneer, and died of myocarditis at age 74. His medical attendant was John Jamieson, who last saw him on 16 Dec. The informant was shown as M.A. MacCarthy, his son by his second marriage, whose address was D.Mecs, Flinders Naval Base, Western Port, Vic. His death certificate shows his place of birth as Calicut, India. The children's names were shown as: Happy, Roy, Eric, Norrie, Bernard, Mina, Alice, all shown as living, and, by his second marriage, Dorothy J.A., age 22, and Maurice A.A., age 21, both living, with none shown as deceased. That is incorrect as at least one child by his second marriage was killed by a horse at the age of two. Edward was shown as having been about 66 years in Qld and NSW. He was shown as having been married twice, with spouses shown as Edith -, and Alice Edith Allan. His father was Justin MacCarthy, a Military Officer, and his mother as "not known."367 He was buried on 18 Dec 1924 at Church of England Section, Rookwood Cemetery, NSW, Australia. R.O. Todd of Motor Funerals Ltd, buried Edward and the officiating minister was R.O. Todd. Arthur R. Thomas and Thomas E. Hart witnessed the burial. For some reason there is no record of his grave site in the Rookwood Cemetery records.368

Edward was educated for the army, but, on completion of his studies in 1867, he worked for the Government Shipping Office in Brisbane, where, on 17 May 1872, he was transferred to the Customs section. From the position of tide-waiter he worked himself up to the office of Sub-collector of Customs in Mackay where he was stationed in 1872.

With the exception of occasional visits to ports further north, between 1872 and 1894 he remained a continuous resident of Mackay. In addition to discharging the duties pertaining to his office of collector, he also filled the position of Water Police Magistrate, Harbourmaster, Shipping Inspector, Inspector of Distilleries and Breweries, and Inspector of Oyster Fisheries. He was a member of the Licensing and Fire Brigade Boards, a share-holder and representative of the Government in the Eton Central and Racecourse Central Sugar Mills. Some of the government positions were:

Date. Position. Place. Salary, Pounds pa.
17th May 1872, Locker and Clerk, (Mackay,) Pioneer River, 150-0-0.
17th May1872, Boatman and Collector, Pioneer River, 96-0-0.
8th May 1874, Second Officer, Pioneer River, 180-0-0.
1st December 1877, Acting Sub-Collector of Customs, Port Douglas, 250-0-0.
1st January1879, Sub-Collector of Customs, Port Douglas, 300-0-0.
1st January1879, Shipping Master, Port Douglas
1st January1879, Harbour Master, Port Douglas
1st January1879, Shipping Inspector, Port Douglas
1st January1879, Police Magistrate, Port Douglas
5th June 1881, Sub-Collector of Customs, Pioneer River 350-0-0.
5th June 1881, Shipping Master, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Harbour Master, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Inspector of Distilleries, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Water Police Magistrate, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Inspector of Fisheries, Pioneer River
5th June 1881, Registrar of B.D.M. Mackay,
1st July 1884, Sub-Collector of Customs, Pioneer River, 400-0-0.
1st October 1885, Inspector of Breweries, Pioneer River
1886, Shipping Inspector, Pioneer River, 25-0-0.
5th December 1894, Sub-Collector of Customs, Cooktown, 400-0-0.
5th December 1894, Harbour Master, Cooktown
5th December 1894, Shipping Inspector, Cooktown
5th December 1894, Inspector of Distilleries & Excise, Cooktown.
369

Edward was retired on 30 Jun 1895 at Cooktown, Qld, Australia.370 He and Edith Mary Allen lived between 1905 and 1906 at "Fernleigh", Mackay, Qld, Australia; he was shown as a Commission Agent. Both Edwars and Edith Mary were shown at this address.371 He lived in 1909 at Plane Creek, Qld, Australia. He was shown as an Agent. Edward's wife Edith Mary was shown as living in MacKay but not at Plane Creek. This raises the question of were they still living together?372 He lived between 1912 and 1913 at Mackay, Qld, Australia.373 He lived in 1914 at Fernleigh, Mackay, Qld, Australia; but his wife was not enrolled at the same address at that time. This is the last Qld entry for him, from 1919 he was in Sydney.374 He lived in 1919 at 78 Rosser St, Rozelle, NSW, Australia.375 He lived in 1921 at 22 Moodie St, Cammaray, NSW, Australia.376 He lived in 1922 at 180 Ernest St, Cammaray, NSW, Australia.377

The seven known children of Edith5 Bushnell and Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy were as follows:

35. Elizabeth5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 8 Dec 1850 at Wetheron, Gayndah, Qld.382 She was baptized on 22 Aug 1852 at Presbyterian Church, Parish of St Lawrence, Sydney, Cumberland, NSW.383 She married James Powers, son of James Powers and Mary Ann Clarkson, on 4 Nov 1871 at St Pauls Church, Maryborough, Qld. They were married by Rev. G.G. Danvers.384 She died on 3 May 1941 at 'Wetheron' Montpelier St, Wilston, Qld, at age 90. She was buried on 5 May 1941 at St Matthew's Cemetery, Sherwood, Qld.

James POWERS was born on 5 Nov 1848 at Brisbane, Qld.385,386 He was baptized in 1849 at Prebyterian, Brisbane, Qld.387 He died on 14 May 1913 at Ispwich, Qld, at age 64. He was buried at Paddington Cemetery, Lang park, Qld.388 He was Clerk of Petty Sessions. On 1 Feb 1876 he was appointed Police Magistrate in Bowen on 13 Nov 1874 at Bowen, Qld.389 He was Clerk of Petty Sessions on 16 Nov 1876 at Cairns, Qld, after Cairns had been gazetted on 27 Oct 1876 as a place for holding Courts of Petty Sessions. He became the Commissioner for Lands and Lands Agent on 18 May 1887. On 17 nov 1877 he also took on the position of Post Master and on 3 jan 1878 the additional positions of Registrar and Bailiff. At the end of 1878 James succeeded Police magistrate Morley in a temporary position.390 He was transferred on 4 Feb 1879 at Port Douglas, Qld. On 14 Mar 1879 the District Court was moved to Port Douglas. In 1880 James was Clerk of Petty Sessions, Bailiff, Registrar, Land Commissioner and Land Agent.391 On 19 Jul 1883 the family moved to Bundaberg where, on 11 Sep 1883 James held the positions of Clerk of Petty Sessions, Registrar, Baliff, Land Commissioner and Land Agent. He retired from Government positions on 22 may 1884, they were then living at Toongarra Street, Bundaberg.392,393 He was managing clerk for Morton and Powers between 1884 and 1888 at Bundeberg, Qld.394 In 1886 an application was made, and approved, for a 2300-acre grazing property at Isis. He returned to government employment at Nango on 9 Aug 1890. In 1906 the electoral roll showed that he was living at Mt Egmont, Taranf, as a Grazier, with his family living at Gipps Street, Nanango. On 9 Jul 1905 he moved to Alice Street, Maryborough, and onto Ipswich on 22 Sep 1910. Government records show he was employed in Ipswich in 1913 but not in 1914. His wife Elizabeth, and family, next show up on the rolls at Brisbane St., Toowong, on 15 Sep 1914, and in 1915-18 at Aston St., Toowong. Later they were shown at "Roslyn", Montpelier St., Newmarket, in 1920, with a change to "Wetheron" in 1925.395 He lived in 1886 at Burnett St, Bundeberg, Qld.396 He was an Alderman on the local council between 1886 and 1892 at Bundeberg, Qld.397 He was Auctioneer for Powers and Thorburn in 1888 at Bundeberg, Qld. He was the Mayor in 1889 at Bundeberg, Qld.398

Insert file with positions here.

The 10 known children of Elizabeth5 Bushnell and James Powers were as follows:

36. Richard 'Dick'5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 18 Mar 1852 at Wetheron, Gayndah, Qld. Richard is said to be the first white male born in the Burnett Area of Qld.415,416 He was baptized on 22 Aug 1852 at Presbyterian Church, Parish of St Lawrence, Sydney, Cumberland, NSW.417 He married Fanny (Fannie) Bright, daughter of John Bright and Mary Walters, on 23 Jan 1883 at All Saints Church, Ann St, Brisbane, Qld.418

Richard 'Dick' Bushnell died on 22 Aug 1933 at Aplin St, Nanango, Qld, at age 81. He was buried on 23 Aug 1933 at Cemetery, Nanango, Qld. The funeral was handled by Mr. W.R. Harris.419 His estate was probated on 3 Apr 1935. Richard was shown as late of "Ideraway" near Gayndah, and the claimants were Ida Frances Banks of Cooroy, Hilda May Oxlad of Mirani via Mackay, the wife of William Arnold Oxlad, Mary Nowell Bussell, a spinster, of Nanago, and Walter Norman Bushnell and Ernest Burnett Bushnell, both of Gayndah. The will was dated 10 Sep 1932 and gazetted in the QGG on 6 Apr 1935, page 1295.420

He started work on "Teebar Station" in 1868, "Imbil Station" 1869-1870, "Widgee Station" in 1871 then back to "Imbil from 1872-1874 and in 1874-1875 he was on "Yabba Station". In 1876 he was catching wild brumbies in the mountain ranges and sellin them, and in 1877 he worked on "Tarong", for about a year, then went back to catching brumbies. In 1879 he moved back to "Yabba" where he stayed for 10 years.421 He lived in 1889 at Woodford, Qld. He was shown as a "Station Manager."422 He selected 28 sq miles of "Boondoomba" in 1901, in the South Burnett District. He held that until 1912, then took up "Munboree", which he held until 1917. He then took over "Prairie", a part of "Ideraway", and in 1925 he owned part of the old "Ideraway" station, called "The Plains", which he held until his death.423 He lived in 1930 at "Prairie", Ideraway (nr Maryborough), Qld. This reference was a letter in the Maryborough Chronicle and was the final reply in a controversy related to the early settlement of the Burnett River area. The text of the letter read, (with some comments added):

Early Days in the Burnett.

Dear Sir, - Kindly allow me to space to reply to George Mclaughlan. I regret having to break through my promises not to write again regarding George McLaughlan; but he has trodden on my toes too hard, and he must be shown up in such false statements as he has made.

Now, to start with, he states, in one of his letters, that he was born in 1852, making him the same age as myself, as I was born on Wetheron station in 1852 on 18 of March. I wish to show that I was on Wetheron Station at that time and for some time after that, some four or five years and this was before George McLaughlan was born for I had two sisters born on Wetheron - one in 1849. Mrs. James Powers, now living in Brisbane, was born on the same place at the end of 1850. Mrs. James Powers still lives in Brisbane and is in her 80th year and can confirm my statements. My father got his colonial experience on the Logan on Rindowimba ( this probably should be Nindooinbah) while working for Mr Cartin Collins, and it was there Mr Humphris (not Humphrey as George McLaughlan calls him and Mr James Walker also called him. There was no such man on Wetheron.) knew my father, and the two Lawlesses of Booubyjan, who were also on the Logan, having stock there, at that time; and it was there that Mr Humphris arranged with my father to come to Wetheron. I may say my father was married on the Logan (they were married in Brisbane but were from the Logan) and came to Wetheron with Mr Humphries stock and the Herbert Bros' (of Ban Ban) stock; they were boxed and travelled together to their destination about 1846 or 47. The lawlesses knew my father well on the Logan and offered him the management of Booubyjan, after Wetheron was sold and delivered by ny father to Messrs Morton and Brock. Now Mr George McLaughlan will tell you yet my father was never manager of Booubyjan, where we were for 9 years.

Before Mr Humphris left for England, he gave my parents a large Bible that he used to read prayers out of every Sunday night, on Wetheron, and in that Bible is Mr William Humphris' name, and also the names of 14 of the Bushnell family children - the year they were born and where at and the dates inserted in that Bible when the children were christened and by the person that did the christening. Mr Humphris also made my father a gift of two horses; called Coronet and Eclipse. These two horses my father ran at the Gayndah races with success, and one of the horses was never beaten. I think he ran them two different years in Gayndah while on Wetheron. Mr Humphris being at home in England decided not to return to Australia again and offered Wetheron to my father, on good terms. The conditions at the time being unsatisfactory and not seeing his way clear he refused the offer and Mr W.H. Walsh of Degilbo tried to persuade him to accept the offer. (He was a good friend of to my father).

I would like to point out at that time the shepherds on many of the stations were running away to diggings in New South Wales, as they were booming at that time. Wetheron was equally treated by the shepherds; they either left the sheep in the sheep yards or in the bush and cleared off, and the station hands (what were left) had to keep a constant watch on the shepherds, seeing them every day, so my father had a very anxious time for some months and this assisted in his decision not to take on Wetheron, and Mr Humphris deposed of it to Messrs Moreton and Brock through a Sydney agent, Mr Moreton then being in that locality, where he got his first colonial experience.

I would like to mention that the Bible given to my parents is still in the family, my youngest sister has it in Brisbane and it can be produced. (The sister mentioned would, more than likely, have been Mary Jane Bushnell who married William Smith Binnie in 1881.)

I could write many things that my mother told us of, the early days and what we afterwards knew of. George McLaughlan writes about early days and the delivery of Wetheron, and that Mr Humphris had to show Mr Moreton over Wetheron. How could he do so when he was not in Australia, being then in England and this also can be proved so that George McLaughlan's statements are not to be relied on. It anybody showed Mr Moreton it was my father for he did give delivery of Wetheron to Mr Moreton, and then we left for Booubyjan where we were until 1867. Greaves was never manager in my father's time, whatever he was in Mr Moreton's time, after we left Wetheron. Greaves used to live on an out station belonging to Wetheron, called Wyar. Mr Centor Moreton lived there some years after when he bought Brock's share of Wetheron and became a partner with his brother.

I never heard Wetheron called Ban Ban, they were both separate places; the Herbert Bros had Ban Ban.

Thanking you in anticipation.
Yours truly,
R. Bushnell,
"Prairie", Ideraway.
May 5, 1930.

Note: A note by the editor of the newspaper stated that this letter by Richard Bushnell closed off what had developed into a controversy.
424


Fanny (Fannie) BRIGHT was born on 1 May 1853 at Linton, Cambridge, England.425 She married William Craddock Nowell Bussell, son of William J Bussell and Ann Nowell, on 27 Jan 1869 at Brisbane, Qld.426 She died on 9 Mar 1928 at Aplin St, Nanango, Qld, at age 74.427 She was buried on 10 Mar 1928 at Nanango Cemetery, Nanango, Qld.428 Her estate was probated on 23 Mar 1929. The claimant was Ida Francis Banks of Cooroy, the wife of James Porter Banks. The will was dated 21 Jan 1928 and gazetted on 23 Mar 1929 in the QGG page 898.429 She immigrated on 14 Nov 1853 to Brisbane, Qld, she arrived with her parents on the ship Caroline.430 She was a claimant in the will of Alexander Charles Lovett, a Carpenter and Builder of Nanago, Qld. Other claimants were Mary Bright (widow), Walter John Bright (labourer), Sarah anne Bright (spinster) and Harry Bright (labourer), all of Nanago. The will was dated 17 Feb 1881 and the notice appears in the QGG on 21 Jan 1893, page 197.431
The seven known children of Richard 'Dick'5 Bushnell and Fanny (Fannie) Bright were as follows:

37. Joseph James 'Joe'5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 21 Feb 1854 at Ipswich, Qld.442,443,444 He was baptized on 24 Jul 1854 at Canal Creek (Leyburn), District of Darling Downs, Aubigny and Merivale, Qld. He was baptised by Benjamin Glennie.445 He married Sarah Ann (Annie) Baker, daughter of James Baker and Leah Defford, on 22 Mar 1877 at St Pauls Church, Maryborough, Qld. Sarah Ann baker was living in England when Mrs Ellen Lawless, and her husband, Paul, went there for a visit. They brough Sarah back to Qld with them as a Governess for their daughter, Ellen Lawless. Both Joseph and Annie, being excellent horse riders, had ridden their horses from "Booubyjan" to Maryborough, a distance of 85 miles, to get married.446 He died on 29 Jul 1946 at Wondai, Qld, at age 92.447 He was buried on 31 Jul 1946 at Wondai Cemetery, Wondai, Qld.448
About 3 months after the family moved to Maryborough, in about 1870, Joseph was apprenticed to John Eaton of "Teebar Station", where, after about 5 years, he became the Head Stockman, on a salary of 75 pounds per year. He was then offered the position as Head Stockman as "Booubyjan Station" at 100 pounds per year. He attained the position of Station Overseer after 5 years at the age of 23.449 After the birth of Herbert Baker, Joseph worked as Overseer on "Boonambula Station". The family next moved to gayndah and Joseph worked the surrounding stations of "Ideraway", "Bandon", "Mungy", "Rosslyn", "Yarold", "Caninda", "Cania", "Mahoone", and back to "Roslyn" over the next 2 years as a Kangaroo Shooter. In about 1883 the family moved to "Gigoomgan" which he managed. In about 1886 Joseph was offered a job at "Mondure Station" at double the salary he was getting at "Gigoomgan". The family moved there a remained from 1886 until 1911.450 In 1911 Joseph and Annie leased their own property at "The Springs" at Chelmsford outside Wondai. He lived in 1930 at "The Springs", Wondai, Qld.451 He

An extract from a folder written by Joseph James in the 1840's reads: Our mode of transport from Wetheron to Booubyjan was by bullock teams and it took five days to do the journey of 45 miles. We were continually getting bogged and stuck against big trees. We arrived at 9 o'clock on the fifth day..
452


Sarah Ann (Annie) BAKER was born on 6 Jul 1859 at Glastonbury, Somerset, England. She died on 28 Mar 1923 at Wynnum, Qld, at age 63. She was buried at Bulimba Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld. She is buried in Sect:10; Pos:56. The inscription reads Annie Bushnell wife of J.J. Bushnell d. 28 Mar 1923.453 Her estate was probated on 19 Jan 1924. Claimants were the Qld Trustees. The will was dated 9 Apr 1907 and was gazetted in the QGG on 19 Jan 1924, page 172.454
The three known children of Joseph James 'Joe'5 Bushnell and Sarah Ann (Annie) Baker were as follows:

40. William (Robert)5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 22 Jun 1858 at Wetheron, Gayndah, Qld. His birth details show his father, Richard, was a Superintendent, who was 42 years old, and who had come from Bristol, England. His mother was Jane Clarke, who had come from London, and was 29 years old. His parents were married in Brisbane in 1849. His birth was witnessed by Mrs Miller, and he was registered by his father, on 16 Aug 1858 at Gayndah.455,456 He married Christina Veit, daughter of Leonard Veit and Christina Schriber, on 4 Jun 1881 at St Pauls, Maryborough, Qld.457 He died on 3 Sep 1952 at Maryborough, Qld, at age 94. He was buried at Cemetery, Maryborough, Qld.458
He was a Compositor for the Maryborough Chronicle. He lived in 1889 at Ann St, Maryborough, Qld, he was shown as a "Printer."459

Christina VEIT was born on 12 Dec 1859. She died on 23 Jun 1936 at Maryborough, Qld, Australia, at age 76.460 She was buried at Maryborough Cemetery, Maryborough, NSW, Australia.461 Her estate was probated on 5 Jun 1937 at Qld, Australia. Claimants were Willaim Robert Bushnell, her husband, William James crane and Herbert Edward Royle, all of Maryborough. The will was dated 1 Jun 1929 and was gazetted in the QGG on 5 Jun 1937, page 1971.462
The only known child of William (Robert)5 Bushnell and Christina Veit was:

41. Mary Jane 'Minnie'5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 20 Mar 1860 at Booubyjan Cattle Station, Qld.463 She married William Smith Binnie, son of James Binnie and Margaret Smith, on 23 Jun 1881 at Seaview Cottage, Port Douglas, Qld. They were married by Rev. A.C. Mosley.464 She died on 26 Jun 1952 at East Brisbane, Qld, at age 92. She was buried at Bulimba Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld, in Sect:6; Pos:216 (with many others).465

William Smith BINNIE was born on 16 Mar 1851 at Partick, Glasgow, Scotland, place details from his tombstone inscription. He died on 2 Oct 1914 at Brisbane, Qld, at age 63. He was buried at Bulimba Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld, he is in Sect:6; Pos:216 (with many others).466 Towards the end of the 19th century and into the start of the 20th, the Binnies had ship repairing interests and foundries in Brisbane and South Brisbane. Margartet St in 1890; Mary St in 1896, and an Iron Foundary at 150 Alice St in 1897. These were later sold to Evans Deakin.467
The six known children of Mary Jane 'Minnie'5 Bushnell and William Smith Binnie were as follows:

42. Issac (Ike)5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 3 Nov 1861 at Booubyjan Cattle Station, Qld.477 He married Eveline Elizabeth Pengelly, daughter of John Henry Pengelly and Mary Jane Halligan, on 31 Oct 1885 at Residence W.S. Binnie Northcote St, East Brisbane, Qld.478 He died on 14 Oct 1951 at Maryborough, Qld, at age 89. He was buried on 16 Oct 1951 at Maryborough Cemetery, Maryborough, Qld.479
He was apprenticed to Walkers Ltd. to learn the trade of Iron Founding circa 1877. He lived in 1889 at Alice St, Maryborough, Qld, he was shown as a "Moulder."480 He was the claimant in the will of William Anderson, an Iron Moulder, of Maryborough. who died on 16 Jul 1907. Isaac (a Moulder) was shown as being from "Granville", Maryborough. Another claimant was Cecil Lowther, a Pattern Maker, also of Maryborough. The will was dated 16 Jul 1907 and the probate was gazetted in the QGG on 28 Dec 1907, page 1519.481 He was a councillor on the local council between 10 Apr 1917 and Oct 1923 at Maryborough, Qld, and was the local Mayor from 21 Feb 1920 until 1 Aug 1921.

Eveline Elizabeth PENGELLY was born on 4 Oct 1864 at Brisbane, Qld.482 She died on 28 Apr 1921 at Maryborough, Qld, at age 56. She was buried on 29 Apr 1921 at Maryborough Cemetery, Maryborough, Qld.483 Her estate was probated on 11 Feb 1922. Claimants to the will were Ethel Eugenie Bushnell, a spinster, of Maryborough. The will was dated 26 Apr 1921 and gazetted on 11 Feb 1922 in the QGG page 562.484
The seven known children of Issac (Ike)5 Bushnell and Eveline Elizabeth Pengelly were as follows:

43. George Burnett5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 4 Jul 1863 at Boobyjan Cattle Station, Qld.494 He married Jennette (Jane) Leishman, daughter of William "Tell" Leishman and Margaret "Maggie" McIntyre, on 24 Aug 1887 at Qld.495 He died on 29 Aug 1911 at Excelsior Hotel, Rockhampton, Qld, at age 48.496 He was buried on 30 Aug 1911 at Cemetery, Rockhampton, Qld.

Jennette (Jane) LEISHMAN was born on 22 Jan 1867 at Brisbane, Qld.497 She died on 8 Jan 1965 at NSW at age 97.
The seven known children of George Burnett5 Bushnell and Jennette (Jane) Leishman were as follows:

44. Albert Thomas5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 26 Oct 1864 at Booubyjan Cattle Station, Qld.500 He married Jane Victoria Fleming, daughter of Robert Fleming and Margaret Robertson, on 5 Feb 1889 at Qld.501 He died on 8 May 1900 at Bundaberg, Qld, at age 35.502 He was buried at Bundeberg Cemetery, Bundaberg, Qld, he is buried with his wife in Block:3, Row:15.503,504
He lived in 1889 at Bourton St, Bundaberg, Qld, this was a listing for Relf and Bushnell, Taylors.505 He was a Taylor and Outfitter in 1890 at Bundeberg, Qld. He was a partner with Joseph Relf in the business "Relf and Bushnell Drapers". The business was dissolved by mutual consent in April 1890 and Albert carried on under the same name. In 1891 his business was renamed "Mens and Youths Tailors". In 1894 he sold the business to John Bartholomew and remained as manager.506

Jane Victoria FLEMING was born on 14 May 1864 at Qld.507 She died on 2 Aug 1949 at Sydney, NSW, at age 85. She was cremated at Bundaberg Cemetery, Bundaberg, Qld. Her ashes are in Block:3, Row:15 with her husband and son.508
The six known children of Albert Thomas5 Bushnell and Jane Victoria Fleming were as follows:

47. Arthur Herbert5 BUSHNELL (Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 3 May 1871 at Maryborough, Qld.518 He was baptized on 25 Sep 1871 at Maryborough, Qld. He married Margaret (Maggie) Davis, daughter of John Davis and Kate O'Brien, on 6 Jan 1900 at Brisbane, Qld.519 He died on 14 May 1953 at Qld at age 82.520 He was buried at Mt Thompson Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld.521
He lived in 1892 at Burnett St, Bundeberg, Qld; he was a freeholder.522

Margaret (Maggie) DAVIS was born in 1863 at Wicklow, Ireland. She married Kenneth Collin Campbell McKay, son of Benjamin McKay and Mary C Young, in 1883 at Qld. She died on 16 Jun 1945 at Goodna Mental Hospital, Wolston Park, Qld. She was buried on 17 Jun 1945 at Old Nambour Cemetery, Nambour, Qld, in the Church or England section, No.1020.523
The two known children of Arthur Herbert5 Bushnell and Margaret (Maggie) Davis were as follows:

56. (--?--)5 BUSHNELL (Jacob4, Jacob3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born circa 1850 at England. She married (--?--) Roberts circa 1872 at England.

(--?--) ROBERTS is still living.
The only known child of (--?--)5 Bushnell and (--?--) Roberts was:

Generation Six



64. Edward Richard Thornton6 MACCARTHY (Edith5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 31 May 1881 at Port Douglas, Qld, Australia. The nurse was Mary Graham and the medical attendant A.H. Barrow. The birth was registered at Cook Town on 28 June 1881 by the Registrar Howard St. George.529 He married Fanny Clara Morgan, daughter of Charles Talgai Morgan and Eliza Jane Holmes, on 12 Nov 1902 at Qld, Australia.530 He died on 23 Jul 1938 at Qld, Australia, at age 57.531 He was buried at Mackay Cemetery, Cemetery Rd, Mackay, Qld, Australia.532
He lived in 1905 at Thomas Rd, Mackay, Qld.533 He and Fanny Clara Morgan were enrolled on the electoral roll between 1909 and 1914 living at Othello St, Mackay, Electorate of Herbert, Qld. In 1909 he was shown as a farmer but in 1913 he was a clerk. She was shown as performing "home duties." They were both enrolled on the electoral roll, him as a farmer, living between 1915 and 1917 at Dalrymple Creek, Mackay. He lived in 1931 at Mackay, Qld, he was shown as a Labourer.534

Fanny Clara MORGAN was born on 3 Oct 1876 at Qld.535 She died on 20 Aug 1972 at age 95.
The five known children of Edward Richard Thornton6 MacCarthy and Fanny Clara Morgan were as follows:

65. Justin Eric6 MACCARTHY (Edith5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 2 Mar 1883 at Qld.544 He married Margaret Jane McMillen, daughter of William McMillen and Margaret Kell, in 1909 at Dunedin, New Zealand.545

Margaret Jane MCMILLEN was born on 30 Jun 1878.
The four known children of Justin Eric6 MacCarthy and Margaret Jane McMillen were as follows:

66. Norfor Norman6 MACCARTHY (Edith5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 21 Sep 1884 at Qld.548 He married Bessie Lander, daughter of Henry James Lander and Jane Wigmore, on 6 Nov 1905 at Qld.549 He married Mary Fitzsimons after 1935. He died on 23 Nov 1967 at Mackay, Qld, at age 83. He was buried on 24 Nov 1967 at Mackay Cemetery, Cemetery Rd, Mackay, Qld, he is in the Church of England (Anglican) Section; Block 2; Line# 2; Plot#:38. Burial #: B3402. He is buried with many other family members. Burial fee was $36.0.550
He lived between 1903 and 1906 at Morgan St, Mt Morgan, Qld, as a Labourer.551 He and Bessie Lander lived between 1908 and 1917 at Morgan St, Mt Morgan, Qld. He was shown as a Labourer and she as a Housewife. Also living in the same street was Rose MacCarthy (possibly Rose Lander) doing Home Duties.552 He was enrolled on the electoral roll as a miner living in 1922 at Othello St, Mackay, Electorate of Mackay, Qld. He lived in 1931 at Mackay, Qld, as a Miner.553

Norfor Norman was educated at Mackay Boys School while living at "Fernvale". As a child he also worked in a local dairy. He eventually ran away from home and moved to Mt Morgan. (it is said that his father, Edward Robert Norfor, was a very cruel man and used to whip his children.) At Mt Morgan Norfor worked with his brother Roy in the Mt Morgan mines. He lived with Bessie Bishop (nee Lander) and her five children, helping to raise them (this was after the death of Bessie's first husband). He eventually married Bessie in 1905. (Bessie's sister, Rose, was married to Norfor's uncle, John Charles Buckner MacCarthy.) During their life together in Mt Morgan five children were born, three dying in infancy, all buried at Mt Morgan. With the closure of the Mt Morgan mine Norfor, Bessie and the two surviving children, Edith Bushnell and Eric Alexander, moved to Mackay, living in a tent at McEwans Beach, and he helped his brother, Edward, operate a fish trap. After two years there they moved to Nebo Road, Mackay, and lived with Edward and his family. They next moved into several rental properties. He worked as a Builders Labourer helping to build the grandstand at the local showground.

He eventually bought a property in Carlysle St., Mackay, near the Mackay railway goods yard where he was employed as a labourer. The house was later converted to a boarding house, which he supplied with kerosene and vegetables via a railway goods shed. During those years he build a weekender at Half Tide Island, a beach resort south of Mackay (now part of the largest coal loading terminal in the world). The beach hut was known as the Black Hut and the land it stood on is still vacant. A street and a creek in that area was named after Norfor; MacCarthy St., and Norrie Creek. After Bessie died in 19?? the boarding house was run by two housekeepers, Mrs. Challis and Mrs. Falkner. He later sold the boarding house, married Mary Fitzsimmons, and bought a house in Gregory St., Mackay, (he apparently kept finches in large aviaries). During that period he had a beach hut at Slade Point and a 14 ft launch. His marriage to Mary Fitzsimmons only lasted for about two years.

He sold the house in Gregory St. and moved in with his son Eric and his wife, Marion, in Coles Road, for about two years. (He used to store dynamite in the outside toilet and at one time Marion almost discharged a rifle into it to kill a snake.) He and his son Eric acquired a railway gate for the property and took it home on a Chevrolet (Chev) utility. (This apparently almost ended the marriage of Eric and Marion.) He later lived with a Mrs. Fitzsimmons in Milton St for about five years. They sold that property and moved into a house at Half Tide Island, renovating the house. He became a beach and bush comber and a general handyman. In later years development in the area started and they built two more houses. They next sold all the houses and moved closer to Munburra Rd., halfway between half Tine Island and Mackay. After about three years he sold that house and moved to Graffunder St., Mackay, near to Eric and Marion and their son, Warren; that was in about 1962.
554


Bessie LANDER was born between Jan 1873 and Mar 1873 at Stourton, Wiltshire, Elngland.555,556 She married Alfred James Bishop, son of George Bishop and Eliza Packer, on 28 Dec 1889 at Qld.557 She died on 7 Mar 1931 at Mackay, Qld.558 She was buried on 8 Mar 1931 at Mackay Cemetery, Cemetery Rd, Mackay, Qld. She was enumerated with Henry James Lander on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Fairwood, Westbury, Wiltshire, England.559 She immigrated on 30 Dec 1886 to Brisbane, Qld.560
The five known children of Norfor Norman6 MacCarthy and Bessie Lander were as follows:

Mary FITZSIMONS is still living.
There were no known children of Norfor Norman6 MacCarthy and Mary Fitzsimons.

67. Edith Alice6 MACCARTHY (Edith5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 15 Feb 1886 at Mackay, Qld, Australia. Her father was shown as Edward Robert Norfor MacCarthy, a Sub-collector of Customs; he was 35 years of age, having been born at Calicut, East India. Her mother was Edith Bushnell, 36 years of age, born at Wetheron Station, Burnett, Qld. The informant was her father, the midwife was Dr. A. Caulfield and the nurse Mrs Angus. Her siblings Edward R.T. (4), Eric Justin (3) and Norfor Norman (1 1/2) preceded Edith.570

Edith Alice MacCarthy married John Charles Johnston, son of William Johnston and Amelia Rebecca Ward, on 4 Feb 1910 at Mission House, Leichhardt St, Brisbane, Qld, Australia. Jarvis B. Johnson married them according to the rites of the "Joyful News Mission". The witnesses were R.B. Crawford and Lena G. Johnson. The marriage was registered on 7 Feb 1910 by Hartley Lancaster Dixon, Deputy Registrar-General.571

Edith Alice MacCarthy died on 4 Jul 1933 at Acacia Road, Sutherland, NSW, Australia, at age 47. She died of carcinoma of the uterus and secondary deposits in the lungs, which she had had for 16 and 3 months respectively. Her medical attendant had been Dr. E.H. Miles who last saw Edith on 4 July. The informant was her husband, John Charles. She left 5 living children.572 She was buried on 8 Jul 1933 at Woronora Cemetery, Sutherland, NSW, Australia. The officiating Congregational minister was Percy R. Riley and she was buried by Montague Enos Sellin of Charles Kinsela Undertakers. She was buried in Rose Garden 4, pos 0206 (Congregational Section S:, Pos:4/5) with her son Ronald Charles; her husband was also buried in the same grave in 1952. The witnesses to the burial were her son, Lawrence and her husband.573,574,575

She was a Domestic in 1910. She and John Charles Johnston lived between 1915 and 1917 at Town Beach, Wharf St, Mackay, Qld, Australia.576 Edith Alice was a very pretty girl with long reddish coloured hair. For some reason not many of her grandchildren had hair of the same colour. One that did was Charles Benjamin Johnston, the youngest son of Alan Johnston, Edith's son. She led a very hard life as the family, as were many in those 1920 depression days, were very poor monetarily. However, All the children ended up with good jobs and were all well off, if not overly rich.

She lived in 1921 at North Side, Mackay, Qld, Australia.577 She and John Charles Johnston lived between 1922 and 1933 at Forest Road/Acacia St, Sutherland, NSW, Australia.578

There is in existence a MacCarthy family tree that traces their line back to the English King Edward III. Apparently when Edith would mention it, John Charles would comment that "that was nothing as he was related to the martyr Nicholas Ridley, Bishop of London, who was burned at the stake by Bloody Mary (Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon) on 16 Oct 1555. Ridley was burned at the stake with Hugh Latimer for opposing the attempt by Bloody Mary to take England back to the Church of Rome". It is unclear if Nicholas Ridley was related to Harriet Ridley, the grandmother of John Charles Johnston.


John Charles JOHNSTON was born on 30 Jul 1888 at Nowa Nowa, Tambo, Vic, Australia. John's birth certificate was signed by his father William, a labourer living at Orbost. He had two siblings, William Edward, aged 4 and Ethel Rose aged 3. The witnesses to his registration were Mrs H.S.Charmann, the registered nurse, Mr A. W. Ward, the occupier of the residence, probably Amelia's brother, and Mrs Ward (senior), possibly Amelia's brother's wife, who acted as midwife. John Charles was registered on 6 Sep 1888 at Orbost by Jas Jno Thompson, the Deputy Registrar.579

John Charles Johnston died on 1 Jul 1952 at 133 Oak Road, Kirrawee, NSW, Australia, at age 63. He was buried on 4 Jul 1952 at Woronora Cemetery, Sutherland, NSW, Australia. Buried in Rose garden 4, pos 0206 (Congregational Section:S, Pos:4/5), with his wife Edith Alice and son Ronald Charles.580,581 His estate was probated in 1953 at NSW, Australia.582

Little is known of the early life of Charlie, as he was normally known. One item of interest was how he lost his finger(s). Apparently his elder sister was chopping wood and Charlie dared her to chop off his fingers if he put them on the block. Well, it appears that he did and she did, chopping off two fingers, one of which was sewn back on.

His mother died when John was about 11 years old and his eldest sister Ethel Rose (Aunty Sis), who at that time was only 12 years old, took the family role of mother. When Ethel Rose was just 16 years old she married Jack Lay and they, and the two younger siblings, Doris and Christina, moved to live on Raymond Island in the Gippsland Lakes. John Charles did say at one time that his father had kicked him out of the house and he referred to his father as a "sanctimonious old bastard". (Rather interestingly, John's sister, Christina referred to her father as a wonderful old Scottish gentleman.)

John Charles moved to Queensland probably in the early 1900's. That was after his mother died and the family came under the wing of his eldest sister, Ethel Rose, who was married to Jack Lay. Ethel took all the children, except for Mary and William Edward to Qld. John Charles first appears on the Commonwealth electoral roll in 1915 and 1916, living in the Division of Herbert, subdivision of Mackay. He is shown as a labourer living at Town Beach , Wharf St., Mackay. His wife Edith Alice is also shown at the same address. Interestingly, only his wife, Edith Alice, is shown as living at North Side, Mackay on the 1921 electoral roll.

John's son Alan, always said that his father was a very "hard" man physically. He was apparently very strong, and Alan used to tell the story of him carrying 56lb weights home from work just for something to carry. He was a very good axeman, and many of his tree felling tools were left in Alan's house at Kirrawee. One item of special interest was a thin cylinder that was rammed into the centre of a tree, wedges were driven into the outside of the tree trunk and the cylinder filled with gun-powder. When the explosion occurred the log would be split into many pieces, which only needed ot be trimmed to turn them into railway sleepers.

The family moved several time between Sydney and Mackay in the late 1910's and 1920's. When in Sydney John Charles worked on the railways as a fettler, and when in Mackay on the wharves as a labourer.

In the early 1920's the family lived at Lillyvale, near Helensburgh, NSW, but, after the death of one of John's daughters of typhoid fever, they all moved to Sutherland.
He was an Axeman (from his marriage certificate) in 1910.583 He lived between 1921 and 1922 at Lilyvale, NSW, Australia.584 He was enrolled on the electoral roll as a labourer in 1934 at Forest Road, Sutherland, Division of Werriwa, NSW, Australia. Also at that address was Henry Eric and Maud Isabella Johnston, although they were shown as living at Acacia St., the house was on the corner.

The nine known children of Edith Alice6 MacCarthy and John Charles Johnston were as follows:

68. Aubrey Roy6 MACCARTHY (Edith5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 23 Apr 1887 at Mackay, Qld.608 He married Frances Margaret Sargent, daughter of Thomas Sargent and Annette Nolan, on 1 Jul 1910 at Mt Morgan, Qld, Australia.609 He died on 26 Nov 1979 at Rockhampton, Qld, at age 92.610 He was cremated on 29 Nov 1979 at Rockhampton Crematorium, Rockhampton, Qld.611
He was enrolled on the electoral roll as a labourer living in 1909 at Mackay, Electorate of Herbert, Qld. He travelled to Rockhampton by boat sometime prior to 1910 and moved to Mt Morgam where he became an engine driver in the gold mine. He departed Mt Morgan in 1931. He purchased cows and went share farming at Bajool then onto Ambrose. He next bought property at Narrows Road, Mt Larcombe, named "Waltanna" and the property included half the mountain (Mt Larcombe). After about 1950 he sold the property to people called Cullens and moved to Rockhampton; 144 Farm Street, Kawana.612

Frances Margaret SARGENT was born on 27 Apr 1890 at Qld, Australia.613 She died on 17 May 1956 at Rockhampton, Qld, Australia, at age 66.614 She was buried on 23 May 1956 at North Rockhampton Cemetery, Rockhampton, Qld, Australia.615
The four known children of Aubrey Roy6 MacCarthy and Frances Margaret Sargent were as follows:

69. Mina Evelyn6 MACCARTHY (Edith5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 31 Oct 1888 at Qld.629 She married Daniel Crank on 19 Aug 1915 at Qld.630 She married Norman "Bob" T. Gray in 1929 at Sydney, NSW.631 She died on 4 Oct 1976 at Sutherland, NSW, at age 87.632 She was cremated at Woronora Cemetery, Sutherland, NSW. Her ashes are in the Crematorium Section FF; Garden:10; Pos:181.633


It was rumoured that Mina may have been the mother of Lawrence MacCarthy (Johnston) but, as she had a child, Ronald, registered to her at about the same time, it does not seem likely. She rejected her son, Ronald, during her lifetime, wanting nothing to do with him. However, she left 500 to him in her will but by that time he had died. The money was directed to be paid to Ronald's two sons if they could be found; it was thought that they were living somewhere in Northern NSW.634


Known children of Mina Evelyn6 MacCarthy include:

Daniel CRANK is still living.
There were no known children of Mina Evelyn6 MacCarthy and Daniel Crank.

Norman "Bob" T. GRAY was born in 1891, calculated from his age at death (81). He died on 19 May 1972 at Sutherland, NSW.637 He was cremated at Woronora Cemetery, Sutherland, NSW. His ashes are in the Crematorium Section:FF; Garden:10; Pos:179. His name is noted as Robert T. Gray.638
There were no known children of Mina Evelyn6 MacCarthy and Norman "Bob" T. Gray.

77. Amy Elizabeth6 POWERS (Elizabeth5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 13 Nov 1880 at Seaview Cottage, Port Douglas, Qld.639 She married Henry Millis Hamilton on 10 Aug 1904 at Nanango, Qld.640 She died on 19 Sep 1972 at Qld at age 91. She was cremed at St Matthew's Cemetery, Sherwood, Qld, her remains are in Row:B, Plot:10.641

Henry Millis HAMILTON was born in 1879. He died on 5 Dec 1955 at Qld.642 He was cremated at St Matthews Cemetery, Sherwood, Qld, his remains are in Row:B, Pos: 9.643
The three known children of Amy Elizabeth6 Powers and Henry Millis Hamilton were as follows:

85. Ida Frances6 BUSHNELL (Richard5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 18 Mar 1890. She married James Porter Banks, son of Archibald Banks and Mary Ann Porter, on 29 Jan 1923 at Brisbane, Qld.644 She died circa 1968.
She Marriages may have been reverse to that shown.

Known children of Ida Frances6 Bushnell include:

James Porter BANKS was born on 25 May 1880. He died on 17 May 1931 at age 50.
There were no known children of Ida Frances6 Bushnell and James Porter Banks.

86. Walter Norman6 BUSHNELL (Richard5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 15 Sep 1891 at Qld.645 He married Annie Louisa Lenz in 1930 at Qld.646 He died on 28 Jun 1970 at Qld at age 78. He was buried on 30 Jun 1970 at Gayndah Cemetery, Gayndah, Qld.647

Annie Louisa LENZ was born on 30 Jan 1895 at Qld. She died on 7 Nov 1955 at District Hospital, Gayndah, Qld, at age 60. She was buried on 7 Nov 1955 at Gayndah Cemetery, Gayndah, Qld.648
The only known child of Walter Norman6 Bushnell and Annie Louisa Lenz was:

87. Hilda May6 BUSHNELL (Richard5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 28 Nov 1893 at Nanango, Qld.649 She married Walter Arnold Oxlad, son of Charles Thomas Oxlad and Ada Emily (Elizabeth) Strain, on 23 Dec 1913. She died on 29 Dec 1973 at age 80.

Walter Arnold OXLAD was born on 22 May 1887 at Goondiwindi, Qld, Australia.650
The four known children of Hilda May6 Bushnell and Walter Arnold Oxlad were as follows:

88. Burnett Joseph Richard6 BUSHNELL (Joseph5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 16 Mar 1878 at Maryborough, Qld, Australia.652 He married Beatrice Helen Heron, daughter of James Heron and Janet Buchanan, on 2 Apr 1912 at Pollok House Gardens, Glasgow, Scotland. He died on 28 Apr 1959 at Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Qld, Australia, at age 81. He was buried on 30 Apr 1959 at Toowong Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.653

Beatrice Helen HERON was born on 25 Jul 1880 at Renfrew Eastwood Pollok Gardens, Glasgow, Renfrew, Scotland.654 She died on 14 Aug 1943 at Brisbane, Qld, at age 63.655 She was buried on 16 Aug 1943 at Toowong Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld.656 She was enumerated with James Heron on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Pollock Gardens, Eastwood, Renfrew, Scotland, as Beatrice H. Heron. She was 8 months old.657
The four known children of Burnett Joseph Richard6 Bushnell and Beatrice Helen Heron were as follows:

89. Herbert Baker 'Bert'6 BUSHNELL (Joseph5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 21 Jul 1879 at Booubyjan Cattle Station, Qld.667 He married Eva Isabel Donnelly, daughter of John Norton Donnelly and Elizabeth Jones, on 19 Oct 1906 at Fortitude Valley, Qld.668 He married Grace Elizabeth Mabel Stephens, daughter of Henry Stephens and Emily Barkley, circa 1918. He died on 22 Feb 1965 at Toowoomba, Qld, at age 85. He was buried on 24 Feb 1965 at Cemetery, Drayton, Qld.669

Eva Isabel DONNELLY was born in 1880 at Melbourne West, Vic.670 She died circa 1912.
The three known children of Herbert Baker 'Bert'6 Bushnell and Eva Isabel Donnelly were as follows:

Grace Elizabeth Mabel STEPHENS was born on 8 Jun 1895. She died on 30 May 1971 at Toowoomba, Qld, Australia, at age 75. She was buried at Drayton Cemetery, Toowoomba, Qld, Australia.677
The four known children of Herbert Baker 'Bert'6 Bushnell and Grace Elizabeth Mabel Stephens are as follows:

90. Vita Edith Muriel6 BUSHNELL (Joseph5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 31 Oct 1884 at Maryborough, Qld.678 She married Frederick William Whitehouse, son of Robert Stephen Whitehouse and Rosina Sprigg, on 30 Jun 1905 at Brisbane, Qld.679 She died on 19 Apr 1943 at Qld at age 58. She was buried on 21 Apr 1943 at Mt Thompson Crematorium, Holland Park, Qld.

Frederick William WHITEHOUSE was born in 1881 at Leamington, Warwickshire, England.680 He died circa 1926. He was enumerated with Robert Stephen Whitehouse on the census of 3 Apr 1881 at Dormer Villa Dormer Pl, Leamington Priors, Warwick, England.681
The only known child of Vita Edith Muriel6 Bushnell and Frederick William Whitehouse was:

91. William Richard Leonard6 BUSHNELL (William5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 28 Jun 1882 at Maryborough, Qld.684 He married Emily Jane Crane, daughter of James Crane and Mary Ann Churchward, on 28 Jul 1909 at Qld.685 He died on 16 Mar 1943 at Maryborough, Qld, at age 60.686 He was buried on 17 Mar 1943 at Maryborough Cemetery, Maryborough, Qld.687

Emily Jane CRANE was born on 16 Jul 1887 at Qld.688 She died on 9 Oct 1959 at age 72.
The seven known children of William Richard Leonard6 Bushnell and Emily Jane Crane were as follows:

92. William Albert Andrew 'Berty'6 BINNIE (Mary5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 22 Mar 1882 at Brisbane, Qld.693 He married Victoria Mary Wain on 29 Oct 1903 at Brisbane, Qld, Australia.694 He died on 25 Jun 1918 at Brisbane, Qld, at age 36.695 He was buried at Bulimba Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld, he is in Sect:6; Pos:216 (with many others).696

Victoria Mary WAIN is still living.
The four known children of William Albert Andrew 'Berty'6 Binnie and Victoria Mary Wain were as follows:

Known children of William Albert Andrew 'Berty'6 Binnie include:

95. Oswald Richard Walter6 BINNIE (Mary5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 24 Jun 1888 at Brisbane, Qld.705 He married Doris Clara Maud Bezant on 30 Oct 1918 at Brisbane, Qld.706 He died on 23 May 1966 at Qld at age 77. He was cremated and his ashes are at Bulimba Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld, Sect:6; Pos:216 (with many others).707

Doris Clara Maud BEZANT was born on 14 Oct 1897. She died in 1944.
The three known children of Oswald Richard Walter6 Binnie and Doris Clara Maud Bezant are as follows:

96. Aubrey James Calender6 BINNIE (Mary5 Bushnell, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 30 Apr 1892 at Brisbane, Qld.708 He married Alice Winnifred Isabella Sillars, daughter of William Sillars and Alice Elizabeth Priest, on 15 Jul 1916 at Brisbane, Qld.709 He died on 30 May 1984 at Qld at age 92. He was cremated and his ashes are at Bulimba Cemetery, Brisbane, Qld, Sect:6; Pos:216 (with many others).710

Alice Winnifred Isabella SILLARS was born on 18 Mar 1898 at Qld.711
The three known children of Aubrey James Calender6 Binnie and Alice Winnifred Isabella Sillars were as follows:

99. Sydney Richard6 BUSHNELL (Issac5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 7 Jun 1888 at Qld.714 He married Mabel Irene Campbell, daughter of George Campbell and Annie Rich McPherson, in 1917 at Vic.715 He died on 25 Jan 1948 at Kooyong, Vic, at age 59.716

Mabel Irene CAMPBELL was born on 15 Dec 1893. She died in 1979 at Malvern, Vic.717
The three known children of Sydney Richard6 Bushnell and Mabel Irene Campbell were as follows:

100. Melveton Clarke (Mel)6 BUSHNELL (Issac5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 6 Aug 1889 at Qld.719 He married Annie Henritta Wittkopp on 7 Apr 1915 at Qld.720 He died on 11 Jan 1981 at age 91.

Annie Henritta WITTKOPP was born on 16 Dec 1887. She died on 29 Feb 1980 at age 92.
The four known children of Melveton Clarke (Mel)6 Bushnell and Annie Henritta Wittkopp were as follows:

102. Ivan Cyril6 BUSHNELL (Issac5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 14 Sep 1892 at Qld.722 He married Ellen Lydia Reed on 26 Dec 1933 at Mayfield, NSW.723 He died on 29 Oct 1977 at age 85.

Ellen Lydia REED was born on 18 Jul 1910. She died on 6 Jul 1986 at age 75.
The three known children of Ivan Cyril6 Bushnell and Ellen Lydia Reed are as follows:

105. Gladys Jean (Glad)6 BUSHNELL (George5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 26 Mar 1889 at Caboolture, Qld.724 She married Willis David Rees on 17 Jun 1909 at Brisbane, Qld.725 She died on 2 Apr 1972 at Saratoga, NSW, at age 83.

Willis David REES was born in 1878 at Wales. He died in 1915 at Sydney, NSW.
The two known children of Gladys Jean (Glad)6 Bushnell and Willis David Rees were as follows:

106. Margaret Louise (Laura)6 BUSHNELL (George5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 28 Oct 1890 at Qld.726 She married Leslie Davis. She died in 1987.

Leslie DAVIS died at Maroubra, NSW.
The only known child of Margaret Louise (Laura)6 Bushnell and Leslie Davis is:

108. Edith Dagmar6 BUSHNELL (George5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born in 1895 at Wyalong, NSW.727 She married William Arthur (Whopper) McCabe, son of Joseph McCabe and Elizabeth Ann Bennett, on 10 Apr 1912 at St Johns Cathedral, Brisbane, Qld. She died on 4 Jul 1954 at Brisbane, Qld. She was cremated at Mt Thompson Crematorium, Brisbane, Qld.728

William Arthur (Whopper) MCCABE was born on 13 Jul 1887 at Nudgee, Qld.
The four known children of Edith Dagmar6 Bushnell and William Arthur (Whopper) McCabe were as follows:

110. William Martin (Mick)6 BUSHNELL (George5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 28 Mar 1901 at Qld.729 He married Irene Harden. He died before 1990 at Qld.730

Irene HARDEN is still living.
The only known child of William Martin (Mick)6 Bushnell and Irene Harden is:

111. Albert Eureka 'Ned'6 BUSHNELL (George5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) is still living.

Sheila (--?--) is still living.
The only known child of Albert Eureka 'Ned'6 Bushnell and Sheila (--?--) is:

115. Lily May (Bunter)6 BUSHNELL (Albert5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 9 Jan 1895 at Qld.731 She married Henry Scott-Harden on 27 Oct 1926 at Woongarra Street, Bundaberg, Qld.732

Henry SCOTT-HARDEN was born on 14 Jul 1902. He died on 20 Dec 1932 at Bundaberg, Qld, at age 30. He was buried at Bundaberg Cemetery, Bundaberg, Qld, he is buried in Block:3, Row:15.733
The three known children of Lily May (Bunter)6 Bushnell and Henry Scott-Harden were as follows:

119. Nora May Joyce6 BUSHNELL (Arthur5, Richard4, Isaac3, Richard2, Isaac1) was born on 14 May 1903 at Brisbane, Qld.734 She married Litton Arthur Armitage Forbes Dr on 25 Mar 1929 at Methodist Church, Nambour, Qld.735 She died between 1990 and 2000 at Qld.736
She lived in 1990 at 16 Coolangatta Rd, Kirra, Qld.737

Litton Arthur Armitage FORBES Dr was born on 14 Jan 1895 at Wardell, NSW. He died on 25 Dec 1960 at Coolangatta, Qld, at age 65.
The two known children of Nora May Joyce6 Bushnell and Litton Arthur Armitage Forbes Dr are as follows:



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